QUIZ! Also here is a list of what should be in your notebook for the upcoming check ▫Student Paths Summary ▫Test Corrections ▫Homework – Near East Peoples & Empires #1 ▫Vocabulary Chart ▫Notes - Hebrews, The children of Israel 2/20/14 (today) Other things that will be graded – Leaders of Israel Chart
Hebrews, The Children of Israel The bible today is often seen more as memory and not history since archeology often contradicts biblical accounts Either way the story goes… ▫Abraham migrates from Mesopotamia to the land of Palestine ▫Drought causes the Hebrews to flee to Egypt where they were enslaved ▫They remain enslaved until Moses unites them under a new god named Yaweh
The United Kingdom The 1 st king of the Israelites was Saul (1020-1000) ▫Killed in battle against the Philistines David ▫Saul’s lieutenant & a military hero, reunites the Israelites, defeats the philistines & establishes control over Canaan Solomon (David’s Son) ▫Constructs “Solomon’s Temple” the symbolic center of Hebrew religion and society
Israelite Religion Monotheistic, believed that their god ▫Created heave and earth ▫Everyone on earth was his subject ▫would punish those not following his will ▫was a just and good God
The Divided Kingdom After Solomon’s death, the Kingdom of the Israelites divides into ▫Israel in the north & Judah in the south Israel joins with Syrian states, is eventually conquered & forced to pay tribute to the Assyrians around 722 B.C.E Judah survives under Assyrian rule but its capital Jerusalem is destroyed by the Chaldeans under king Nebuchadnezzar in 586 B.C.E
Israelite Religion Believed that the prophets were the voice of Yahweh The prophets ▫promoted universalism by stating that all nations would one day worship the God of Israel ▫proclaimed that Israel would rise again from the ashes of conquest ▫Condemned the rich for mistreating the poor ▫encouraged a separation between Jews and non-Jews
Social Patterns of the Hebrews Patriarchal – father was head of household Polygamy for some, monogamy for most Primary goal of Marriage was to produce children Women were respected, but only as wives, mothers and housekeepers – essentially seen as separate but equal
Your consent to our cookies if you continue to use this website.