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A G3-PLC Simulator for Access Networks Speaker : Jiun-Ru Li Advisor : Dr. Kai-Wei Ke 2014/11/18.

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Presentation on theme: "A G3-PLC Simulator for Access Networks Speaker : Jiun-Ru Li Advisor : Dr. Kai-Wei Ke 2014/11/18."— Presentation transcript:

1 A G3-PLC Simulator for Access Networks Speaker : Jiun-Ru Li Advisor : Dr. Kai-Wei Ke 2014/11/18

2 Outline  Introduction  PHY Layer Simulation  MAC Layer Simulation  Simulation Results  Conclusion  References 2

3 Introduction The smart grid (SG) can be seen as a communications network that needs to deliver flows of data to offer several services over different domains : generation, transmission, distribution, and customer. Some examples of services are : automatic meter reading (AMR), substations automation, demand response through the smart management and monitoring of household appliances, etc.. 3

4 Introduction Introduction (Cont.) To offer this plethora of services, it is fundamental to adopt/develop adequate communication technologies capable of satisfying the communication requirements of each service. e.g., throughput, frame error rate (FER), end-to-end delay, etc.. 4

5 Introduction Introduction (Cont.) The G3-PLC Simulator consists of two different simulators: one for the physical (PHY) layer and one for the data link layer (DLL)/adaptation (ADP) layer. The PHY layer used to compute the channel responses of the links in a given network. PHY layer computes two performance metrics: ◦ frame error rate (FER) ◦ bit-rate 5

6 Introduction Introduction (Cont.) The DLL/ADP layer simulator implements the MAC sub-layer and a routing algorithm that determines the best routing path based on a metric that uses the information provided by the PHY layer. The MAC sub-layer of G3-PLC is based on the IEEE 802.15.4 Adaptation (ADP) layer which is based on the IPv6 over Low power Wireless Personal Area Networks (6LoWPAN) 6

7 PHY Layer Simulation -network topology simulator The PHY layer Simulator is composed by a network topology simulator and a G3-PLC simulator. In order to simulate an access network, we made use of the bottom-up channel generator. This simulator generates the channels frequency response between pairs of network nodes. 7

8 PHY Layer Simulation -G3-PLC simulator G3-PLC technology has been designed to support CENELEC A bands (3–148.5 kHz) and FCC bands (9– 490 kHz). G3-PLC adopts orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) modulation combined with a differential binary phase shift keying (DBPSK) or differential quadrature phase shift keying (DQPSK). 8

9 PHY Layer Simulation -G3-PLC simulator In normal mode, forward error correction (FEC) encoding (thus decoding) is composed of a Reed- Solomon (RS) and a convolutional encoder, while In robust mode, beside RS and convolutional encoding, there is a repetition code (RC) that repeats each bit 4 times. 9

10 PHY Layer Simulation -G3-PLC simulator PHY Layer Simulation -G3-PLC simulator (Cont.) Two different transmission modes are allowed, namely normal and robust. Data rate in G3-PLC ◦ Maximum is 34.16 kbps(DQPSK in normal mode) ◦ Minimum is 2.423 kbps(robust mode) 10

11 PHY Layer Simulation -G3-PLC simulator PHY Layer Simulation -G3-PLC simulator (Cont.) Table.1 reports other reference PHY layer parameters that will be used for the simulations. 11 Table.1 G3-PLC simulation parameters.

12 MAC Layer Simulation The MAC layer simulator is implementing channel access policies, routing algorithms and traffic models. Channel access method is based on carrier sense multiple access with collision avoidance (CSMA/CA) mechanism G3-PLC is using unslotted CSMA/CA. 12

13 MAC Layer Simulation MAC Layer Simulation (Cont.) 6LoWPAN Ad hoc Routing Protocol (LOAD), which is a simplified form of AODV for 6LoWPAN, is selected as an effective routing protocol to handle changing link conditions. LOAD operates on ADP layer to create a logical network topology. 13

14 MAC Layer Simulation MAC Layer Simulation (Cont.) 14

15 MAC Layer Simulation MAC Layer Simulation (Cont.) 15

16 MAC Layer Simulation MAC Layer Simulation (Cont.) 16

17 MAC Layer Simulation MAC Layer Simulation (Cont.) To simulate the behavior of G3-PLC in the access network, we need to model the traffic that is required by the SG applications. SG applications generate traffic that can be classified into three categories: ◦ mission-critical ◦ soft real-time ◦ non-real-time 17

18 MAC Layer Simulation MAC Layer Simulation (Cont.) Mission-critical traffic represents alarm-response commands and it is classified into ◦ LOW-LOW (3 ms), ◦ LOW (16 ms), ◦ MEDIUM (160 ms), ◦ HIGH (> 160 ms) latency. 18

19 MAC Layer Simulation MAC Layer Simulation (Cont.) Soft real-time traffic : periods in the order of 1–15 min, and latency requirements are soft ∼ 1 min e.g., periodic meter readings and other sensor measurements. Non-real-time traffic refers to the planning of services to exchange information. e.g., firmware updates and file-transfer operations. It requires higher data rates. 19

20 Simulation Results Consider the network of Fig.1 where we assume the communication to be from the network nodes 13–53 to the network coordinator (node 1). 20 Fig.1 Physical network topology and host ID

21 Simulation Results Simulation Results (Cont.) Fig.2 shows the logical network topology as the result of the application of the routing algorithm for CENELEC A band. 21 Fig.2 Logical network topology

22 Simulation Results Simulation Results (Cont.) Fig.3 reports the throughput and the end-to-end delay for both frequency bands. 22 Fig.3 Throughput and end-to-end delay for metering traffic

23 Simulation Results Simulation Results (Cont.) Consider the case where different SG applications run over the network. we notice that, alarm signals, network joining, metering data and telemetry signals 23 Table.2 Traffic model

24 Simulation Results Simulation Results (Cont.) Fig.4 shows the cumulative distribution function (CDF) of the end-to-end delay of each traffic. 24 Fig.4 CDF of the end-to-end delay for different traffic

25 Conclusion The presented simulator gives the possibility to predict the behavior of G3-PLC over a given application scenario and to see whether the constraints of a given service are satisfied or not. From simulation results over an access network, it has been found that routing algorithms are needed to improve the network coverage and throughput of G3- PLC especially when working in CENELEC-A frequency band. 25

26 References Luca Di Bert, Salvatore D’Alessandro, Andrea M. Tonello, “A G3-PLC Simulator for Access Networks,” 2014 18th IEEE International Symposium on Power Line Communications and Its Applications, pp. 99-106, March 30-April 2 2014 26

27 Thanks for Listening 27

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