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The Beginnings of the Cold War. “Big Three” Conferences Teheran, November-December 1943 Yalta, February 1945 Potsdam, July-August 1945.

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Presentation on theme: "The Beginnings of the Cold War. “Big Three” Conferences Teheran, November-December 1943 Yalta, February 1945 Potsdam, July-August 1945."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Beginnings of the Cold War

2 “Big Three” Conferences Teheran, November-December 1943 Yalta, February 1945 Potsdam, July-August 1945

3

4 Churchill’s “Iron Curtain” Speech, Westminster College, Fulton, Missouri, March 5, 1946 “From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent.…”

5

6 Harry S. Truman

7 The Truman Doctrine, 1947 “Containment”

8 China falls to Communism, summer 1949 Mao Zedong Chiang Kai-shek “People’s Republic” of China Republic of China

9

10 Josef Stalin

11 Berlin Blockade and Airlift, June 21, 1948-May 11, 1949

12 The Berlin Airlift

13 The Hiss-Chambers Case, August 1948-January 1950 Alger Hiss Whitaker Chambers Richard Nixon

14 Election of 1948

15 The Soviets successfully test an atomic bomb, August 29, 1949.

16 Julius and Ethel Rosenberg Convicted of giving U.S. atomic bomb secrets to the Soviet Union, March 29, 1951. Executed by electrocution, Sing Sing Prison, June 19, 1953.

17 Senator Joseph R. McCarthy

18 The Venona Intercepts

19 So, how many Soviet spies were in the U.S. government at that time? John Abt Solomon Adler Lydia Altschuler Thomas Babin Marion Bachrach Rudy Baker Vladimir Barash Joel Barr Alice Barrows Theodore Bayer George Beiser Aleksandr Belenky Cedric Belfrage Elizabeth Bentley Marion D. Berdecio Josef Berger Joseph M. Bernstein Walter Sol Bernstein T.A. Bisson Thomas L. Black Samuel Bloomfield Robinson Bobrow Ralph Bowen Abraham Brothman Earl Browder William Browder Michael Burd Paul Burns Norman Bursler James Michael Callahan Sylvia Callen Frank Coe Lona Cohen Morris Cohen Eugene Franklin Coleman Anna Colloms Judith Coplon Lauchlin Currie Byron Darling Eugene Dennis Samuel Dickstein Martha Dodd William Dodd Jr. Laurence Duggan D. Dvoichenko-Markov E. Dvoichenko-Markov Max Elitcher Jacob Epstein Jack Fahy Linn M. Farish Edward Fitzgerald Charles Flato Isaac Folkoff Jane Foster Zalmond Franklin Isabel Gallardo Boleslaw Gebert Harrison George Rebecca Getzoff Harold Glasser Bela Gold Harry Gold Sonia Steinman Gold Elliot Goldberg Jacob Golos George Gorchoff Gerald Graze David Greenglass Ruth Greenglass Joseph Gregg Theodore Hall Maurice Halperin Kitty Harris William Henwood Clarence Hiskey Alger Hiss Donald Hiss Harry Hopkins Louis Horvitz Rosa Isaak Herman R. Jacobson Bella Joseph Emma Harriet Joseph Julius Joseph Gertrude Kahn David Karr Joseph Katz Helen G. S. Keenan Mary Jane Keeney Philip Keeney Alexander Koral Helen Koral Samuel Krafsur Nathan Einhorn Charles Kramer Christina Krotkova Sergey N. Kurnakov Stephen Laird Rudy Lambert Oskar Lange Trude Lash Richard Lauterbach Duncan Lee Michael Leshing Leo Levanas Morris Libau Helen Lowry Willaim Mackey Harry Magdoff William Malisoff Hede Massing Robert Menaker Floyd Miller James Walter Miller Robert Miller Robert Minor Leonard Mins Arthur Moosen Vladimir Morkovin Boris Moros Nicola Napoli Franz L. Neumann Melita Norwood Eugénie Olkhine Rose Olsen Frank Oppenheimer Robert Oppenheimer Nicholas W. Orloff Nadia M. Osipovich Edna Patterson William Perl Victor Perlo Burton Perry Aleksandr N. Petroff Emma Phillips Paul Pinsky William Pinsly William Plourde Vladimir PoznerLee Pressman Mary Price Frank Dziedzik Esther Trebach Rand Bernard Redmont Peter Rhodes Stephen Rich Kenneth Richardson Ruth Rivkin Samuel Rodman Allan Rosenberg Julius Rosenberg Ethel Rosenberg Amadeo Sabattini Alfred Sarant Saville Sax Bernard Schuster Milton Schwartz John Scott Ricardo Setaro Chas. B. Sheppard Anne Sidorovich Michael Sidorovich George Silverman Greg Silvermaster Helen Silvermaster Morton Sobell Jack Soblen Robert Soblen Johannes Steele Alfred K. Stern I. F. Stone Augustina Stridsberg Anna Louise Strong Helen Tenney Mikhail Tkach Lud Ullman Irving Charles Velson Margietta Voge George Vuchinich Donald Wheeler Enos Wicher Maria Wicher Harry Dexter White Ruth Beverly Wilson Ignacy Witczak Ilya Wolston Flora Wovschin Jones Orin York Daniel Zaret Mark Zborowski At least 349

20 19501951195219531949 The McCarthy Controversy The Rosenberg Case The Korean War 1954 The Alger Hiss Case 1948 Berlin Blockade

21 The Korean War

22 January 12, 1950—U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson stated that America’s defense perimeter in the Pacific did not include Korea.

23 Dean Acheson

24 The Korean War January 12, 1950—U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson stated that America’s defense perimeter in the Pacific did not include Korea. March-April 1950—North Korean dictator Kim Il-Sung visited Moscow. June 25, 1950—North Korea attacked South Korea.

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26 Inchon

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30 Communist Atrocities


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