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Learn the Bible in Six Months Make Up Week Samuel, Kings, Chronicles Make Up Week Samuel, Kings, Chronicles.

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Presentation on theme: "Learn the Bible in Six Months Make Up Week Samuel, Kings, Chronicles Make Up Week Samuel, Kings, Chronicles."— Presentation transcript:

1 Learn the Bible in Six Months Make Up Week Samuel, Kings, Chronicles Make Up Week Samuel, Kings, Chronicles

2 Basic Discovery 1.The Bible consists of –66 separate books –Penned by over 40 authors –Over a period of several thousand years that are in a cohesive redemptive narrative

3 Biblical History Creation Fall of Man Flood Abraham The Exodus David Christ Israel Restored The Nation Israel The Diaspora Exile Genesis Rest of OT NT 6,000 Years? 400 yrs David Exile The Monarchy Saul Solomon

4 The Rise & Fall of the Monarchy 1 st & 2 nd Samuel (LXX: 1 st & 2 nd “Kingdoms”) –Samuel(Latin Vulgate: “Kings”) –Saul –David 1 st & 2 nd Kings (LXX: 3 rd & 4 th “Kingdoms”) –David’s 40 year reign(Latin Vulgate: “Kings”) –Solomon –The Divided Kingdom –The Exile: Assyria and Babylon 1 st & 2 nd Chronicles –Recap of the Southern Kingdom: Judah

5 Samuel David Solomon 1 Samuel 1 Chronicles2 Chronicles The Monarchy Saul 2 Kings 2 Samuel Southern Kingdom - Judah Northern Kingdom - Israel Elijah Assyrian Exile Babylonian Exile Elisha 1 Kings

6 Instructions for Kings Warnings - Deut. 17:14-17 –Do not acquire great number of horses –Do not take many wives –Do not accumulate large amounts of silver and gold Instructions – Deut. 17:18-20 –Read and follow the laws –Do not consider himself better than others

7 King David Goliath –9 feet tall; professional combatant –David picks up 5 stones from the Brook –1 Sam 17:34-37 Public notice as a deliverer of Israel and chief of Saul’s men of war Becomes devoted friend of Jonathan, Saul’s son

8 Samuel 1 Samuel The Monarchy Saul 2 Samuel David

9 The 2 nd Book of Samuel David’s Triumphs 1 – 12 –King of Judah (at Hebron) 7 yrs –King of All Israel (at Jerusalem) 13 yrs David’s Troubles –In his Family –In the Nation

10 The Davidic Covenant 2 Samuel 7:11-16 Affects all that follows –in the Scriptures –in the history of mankind Divine Confirmation of throne in Israel Perpetuity of the Davidic Dynasty Davidic Covenant is Unconditional Messianic Implications

11 Perpetuity Confirmed His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven. Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David. His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me. It shall be established for ever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. Psalm 89:29, 35-37

12 Perpetuity Confirmed Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up Christ to sit on his throne; Acts 2:30

13 Key Points Divine Confirmation of throne in Israel Perpetuity of the Davidic Dynasty Davidic Covenant is Unconditional Messianic Implications “Son of David, Son of Abraham” Matt 1:1 “Lion of the Tribe of Judah, Root of David” Rev 5:5

14 The Covenant Continues The “Seed of the Woman” Genesis 3:15 –The Race Abraham Genesis 22:18 –The Nation Jacob Genesis 49:10 –The Tribe David 2 Samuel 7:11-16 –The Family

15 David’s Achievements Victorious Warrior, Clever General; –Subdues: Philistines to the West (Saul’s nemesis) Syrians and Hadadezer in the North Ammonites and Moabites on the East Edomites and Amalekites in the South Constructive Administrator –“Judgment and justice to all the people” –Organizes Priesthood into 24 Courses Major Poet, Song Writer: Psalms

16 David’s Turning Point His Great Sin –Adultery; then murder Culmination of a Process –Prosperous ease –Self-indulgence Accumulating wives forbidden Deut 17:17 Remorse and Repentance Psalm 51 –“A man after God’s own heart…” 1 Sam 13:14 Acts 13:22

17 Years of Suffering Remorse and Contrition did not obliterate the consequences –Incest –Fratricide –Rebellion –Civil War Not allowed to build the Temple –(Yet he still prepaid most of the expenses…)

18 Troubles in the Family “The sword shall never depart from your house” 1 st son by Bathsheba died Loss of moral authority: –Amnon raped David’s daughter Tamar –Absalom killed Amnon Why Doesn’t David act? 14:33 –Absalom led a rebellion against David Absalom’s complaint 15:4 Counseled by Ahithophel 11:3, 23:24 David 2 Sam 12:10

19 Samuel David Solomon 1 Samuel2 Samuel The Monarchy Saul Southern Kingdom - Judah Northern Kingdom - Israel Elijah 1 Kings

20 The 1 st Book of Kings King Solomon40 years 1-11 –Accession –Temple Built –Fame and Glory –Decline and Decease Divided Kingdom80 years12-22 –Accession of Rehoboam –Kings of Southern Kingdom (“Judah”) –Kings of Northern Kingdom (“Israel”) The Prophet Elijah

21 Solomon Became King when 15 years old (Josephus) Adonijah attempted to preempt, but was thwarted by Nathan; David, on his deathbed, instructs Solomon to “clean house” of overdue punishments: (2 Kings 2:6,9) –Joab (for Abner), Shimei, et al.

22 The Temple Preparations –Cedars of Lebanon (vs. coarser sycamore) –Hiram’s friendship with David –Design given to David by God 183,300 Workforce –30,000 men (10,000/mo. shift) –70,000 carriers –80,000 hewers in the mountains – 3,300 supervision

23 Shekinah Glory Mercy Seat Ark of the Covenant Altar of Incense Tables of Shewbread Lampstands Lavers of Bronze Molten Sea

24 Solomon Personally –Brilliant, but lacked moral vigor –Excessively Self-indulgent Historically –Peak of Israel’s prosperity –Visit of the Queen of Sheba –“Solomon in all his glory…” Typically –Positive: Millennial Reign? –Hidden Negative? (Salary = 666; et al)

25 The Peak of the Kingdom From the Mediterranean to the Euphrates From the Red Sea and Arabia to Lebanon Tributary states held in subjection Canaanites became peaceable subjects or useful servants Immense treasures won by David, supplemented with oppressive taxation

26 Solomon’s Failure Israel’s kings should not multiply wealth, horses, or wives Deut 17:14-20 Solomon did all three –Traded in chariots, horses –Indulged many foreign wives ( !) from the very nations warned against –Introduced false gods and false worship Solomon’s self-life had its full swing –In the end, turning away sad and sick of it all –Ecclesiastes: “All is Vanity…”

27 The Apostasy His excessive taxation alienated the affections of his people Led astray by his wives: Temples to –Chemosh, Baal-Peor, obscene idol of Moab –Moloch, the god of Ammon –Astoreth, goddess of Sidonians Adversaries stirred up a rebellion –Ephraim became the center of disaffection

28 Failure to Bring Justice Since you have asked for this and not for long life or wealth for yourself, nor have asked for the death of your enemies but for discernment in administering justice, I will do what you have asked. (1 Kings 3:11-12) When all Israel heard the verdict the king had given, they held the king in awe, because they saw that he had wisdom from God to administer justice. (1 Kings 3:28) Praise be to the Lord your God, who has delighted in you and placed you on the throne of Israel. Because of the Lord’s eternal love for Israel, he has made you king to maintain justice and righteousness. (1 Kings 10:9)

29 Failure to Bring Justice Israel’s mandate was to be a holy nation and kingdom of priests, to become the light to the gentiles, to show the world the justice and righteousness of Yahweh. “Here is the account of the forced labor King Solomon conscripted to build the L ORD ’s temple, his own palace, the terraces, the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, Megiddo and Gezer.” 1 Kings 9:15 Solomon has become an anti-God character.

30 The Divided Kingdom Rehoboam’s Folly –Ill-advised expansion of excessive taxation Jeroboam’s “Opportunity” –Established alternative worship centers (to break Jerusalem’s hold on the people) Dan in the North Bethel in the South The Nation split into two: –The Northern Kingdom under Jeroboam (“Israel”) –The Southern Kingdom under Rehoboam (“Judah”)

31 Elijah (Last 6 chapters of 1 st Kings) Ministry to the Northern Kingdom NT speaks of him more than any other OT prophet Appears twice in NT: –Transfiguration Matt 17 –Two Witnesses Rev 11 8 Major Miracles –Suspension of rain for 3 ½ years 1 Kings 17 –Confrontation on Mt. Carmel 1 Kings 18 Translated into Heaven 2 Kings 2

32 Queen Jezebel Daughter of Ethbaal, king of Sidonians Wife of King Ahab of Israel 1 Kings 16 Synonymous with crafty, cruel, malicious Naboth’s vineyard acquired for Ahab through an inquisition, false accusation, and execution 1 Kings prophets (+ 400 prophets of the “groves”)

33 Confrontation on Mt. Carmel 1 Kings 18 “How long will you waver between two opinions? If the Lord is God, follow him; but if Baal is God, follow him.” But the people said nothing. 1 Kings 18:21 Challenged Baal to match altars and sacrifices Mocked them openly… After dousing him 3 times with water, called fire down and consumed his offering …then slaughtered the 450 prophets of Baal.

34 Samuel David Solomon 1 Samuel2 Samuel1 Kings The Monarchy Saul Southern Kingdom - Judah Northern Kingdom - Israel Elijah Assyrian Exile Babylonian Exile Elisha 2 Kings

35 The 2 nd Book of Kings Annals of Israel, the Northern Kingdom 1-10 –Ministry of Elisha –To the death of Jehu, Israel’s 10 th king Alternating Annals of Both Kingdoms (Jonah, Amos, and Hosea prophesy) –To the Assyrian Captivity of Israel Annals of Judah, The Southern Kingdom (Obadiah, Joel, Isaiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, and Jeremiah prophesy) –Ends with the Babylonian Captivity of Judah

36 Elisha Receives Elijah’s Mantle Desires “double portion” 2 Kings 2:9 –16 Major Miracles Typical Implications Elijah - John the Baptist Elisha - Healing acts; gentler words; Life out of death

37 The Two Kingdoms The Northern Kingdom – Israel –19 Kings reigned 250 years –7 different dynasties –Assyrian Captivity, 721 BC (no return) The Southern Kingdom – Judah –20 Kings reigned 370 years –1 dynasty: The Davidic –Babylonian Captivity, 606 BC (70 years)

38 Rehoboam17 Abijam 3 Asa41 Jehoshaphat25 Jehoram 8 Ahaziah 1 Athaliah 6 Joash40 Amaziah29 Azariah (Uzziah)52 Jotham16 Ahaz16 Hezekiah29 Manasseh55 Amon 2 Josiah31 Jehoahaz(3 mos) Jehoiakim11 Jehoiakin(3 mos) Zedekiah11 Jeroboam22 Nadab 2 Baasha24 Elah 2 Zimri(1 wk) Omri12 Ahab22 Ahaziah 2 Jehoram12 Jehu28 Jehoahaz17 Jehoash16 Jeroboam II41 Interregnum12 Zechariah½ Shallum(1 mo) Menahem10 Pekahiah 2 Pekah20 Hoshea 9 Judah The Southern Kingdom 975 BC 606 BC Babylonian Captivity 721 BC Assyrian Captivity 975 BC 370 yrs250 yrs Israel The Northern Kingdom 1 st Kings 2 nd Kings 1 st Kings 2 nd Kings Bad Worse

39 Rehoboam17 Abijam 3 Asa41 Jehoshaphat25 Jehoram 8 Ahaziah 1 Athaliah 6 Joash40 Amaziah29 Azariah (Uzziah)52 Jotham16 Ahaz16 Hezekiah29 Manasseh55 Amon 2 Josiah31 Jehoahaz(3 mos) Jehoiakim11 Jehoiakin(3 mos) Zedekiah11 Jeroboam22 Nadab 2 Baasha24 Elah 2 Zimri(1 wk) Omri12 Ahab22 Ahaziah 2 Jehoram12 Jehu28 Jehoahaz17 Jehoash16 Jeroboam II41 Interregnum12 Zechariah½ Shallum(1 mo) Menahem10 Pekahiah 2 Pekah20 Hoshea 9 Judah The Southern Kingdom 975 BC 606 BC Babylonian Captivity 721 BC Assyrian Captivity 975 BC 370 yrs250 yrs Bad Worse Israel The Northern Kingdom 1 st Kings 2 nd Kings 1 st Kings 2 nd Kings

40 Object Lesson Ignored “The history of man teaches us that man learns nothing from history.” — Georg Wilhem Friedrich Hegel With the exceptions of Hezekiah and Josiah, the downgrade continued in Judah –Hezekiah the greatest since David and Solomon –Manasseh the wickedest and longest reigning The captivity of Judah and the destruction of Jerusalem are emphatically ascribed to the sovereign hand of God.

41 The Price of Compromise Reuben, Gad, ½ tribe of Manasseh had settled east of the Jordan Reuben, Gad, ½ tribe of Manasseh are the first to go into captivity 1 Chron 5:25, years later the other tribes of the Northern Kingdom are deported Assyrians appear to have been the most inventive of torture-cruelties… Policy of replanting captives obliterate ethnic identities; therefore, no “return” from exile.

42 Why did they have to fall? ‘You yourselves have seen what I did to Egypt, and how I carried you on eagles’ wings and brought you to myself. 5 Now if you obey me fully and keep my covenant, then out of all nations you will be my treasured possession. Although the whole earth is mine, 6 you[a] will be for me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.’ These are the words you are to speak to the Israelites.” Ex. 19:4-6 Were they even close? –Their best king was a liar, adulterer and a murderer. –Their most powerful king became selfish and hoarded the blessing for himself. They utterly and completely failed God.

43 Samuel David Solomon 1 Samuel 1 Chronicles2 Chronicles The Monarchy Saul 2 Kings 2 Samuel Southern Kingdom - Judah Northern Kingdom - Israel Elijah Assyrian Exile Babylonian Exile Elisha 1 Kings

44 The 1 st Book of Chronicles The House of YHWH Israel’s Main Genealogies –Adam to Jacob –Jacob to David –David to Zedekiah –Tribal Allotments David’s Reign at Jerusalem –Anointed of the Lord –The Ark of the Lord –The Covenant of the Lord –The Temple of the Lord

45 The 2 nd Book of Chronicles The Temple vs. The Throne Solomon’s 40 Years’ Reign 1 – 9 –Early Establishment –Building the Temple –All His Glory Judah’s History to the Exile10 – 36 –The Division of the Kingdom –The 20 Kings of Judah –Deportation to Babylon

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