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 1 Kings 1-11  1 Kings 1-11 Reign of Solomon.

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Presentation on theme: " 1 Kings 1-11  1 Kings 1-11 Reign of Solomon."— Presentation transcript:

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3  1 Kings 1-11

4  1 Kings 1-11 Reign of Solomon

5  1 Kings Kings 25

6  1 Kings 1-11 Reign of Solomon  1 Kings 12- Kings of the Divided Kingdom 2 Kings 25

7  1 Kings 1-11 Reign of Solomon  1 Kings 12- Kings of the Divided Kingdom 2 Kings 25 Israel (North) 722 B.C. Saul David Solomon Judah (South) 586 B.C.

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9  To answer the question: Why are we in exile?

10  To show the consequences of obedience and disobedience

11  To answer the question: Why are we in exile?  To show the consequences of obedience and disobedience  Mosaic Covenant Based on Deuteronomy 28-30

12  To answer the question: Why are we in exile?  To show the consequences of obedience and disobedience  Mosaic Covenant Based on Deuteronomy  Obey—blessed  Disobey—cursed

13  To answer the question: Why are we in exile?  To show the consequences of obedience and disobedience  Mosaic Covenant Based on Deuteronomy  Obey—blessed  Disobey—cursed  Problem is not military, political, or economic—it’s theological

14  To answer the question: Why are we in exile?  To show the consequences of obedience and disobedience  Mosaic Covenant Based on Deuteronomy  Obey—blessed  Disobey—cursed  Problem is not military, political, or economic—it’s theological  Answer: The kings and the people abandoned the LORD, their true King

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16  Evaluates the kings’ lives based on if

17  “they did right in the eyes of the LORD” (15:5, 11; 22:43)

18  Evaluates the kings’ lives based on if  “they did right in the eyes of the LORD” (15:5, 11; 22:43)  “evil in the sight of the LORD” (11:6, 8 times)

19  Evaluates the kings’ lives based on if  “they did right in the eyes of the LORD” (15:5, 11; 22:43)  “evil in the sight of the LORD” (11:6, 8 times)  Focus is not on most accomplished Kings (Omri-6 verses)

20  Evaluates the kings’ lives based on if  “they did right in the eyes of the LORD” (15:5, 11; 22:43)  “evil in the sight of the LORD” (11:6, 8 times)  Focus is not on most accomplished Kings (Omri-6 verses)  Focus on those who followed God greatly (Hezekiah, Joash) or rebelled greatly (Ahab).

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22  1 Kings

23  Solomon and his reign (1-11)

24  1 Kings  Solomon and his reign (1-11)  Early divided kingdom (12-16)

25  1 Kings  Solomon and his reign (1-11)  Early divided kingdom (12-16)  Elijah and his ministry (17-22)

26  1 Kings  Solomon and his reign (1-11)  Early divided kingdom (12-16)  Elijah and his ministry (17-22)  2 Kings

27  1 Kings  Solomon and his reign (1-11)  Early divided kingdom (12-16)  Elijah and his ministry (17-22)  2 Kings  Elisha’s ministry (1-8)

28  1 Kings  Solomon and his reign (1-11)  Early divided kingdom (12-16)  Elijah and his ministry (17-22)  2 Kings  Elisha’s ministry (1-8)  Later divided kingdom (9-17)

29  1 Kings  Solomon and his reign (1-11)  Early divided kingdom (12-16)  Elijah and his ministry (17-22)  2 Kings  Elisha’s ministry (1-8)  Later divided kingdom (9-17)  Kingdom of Judah alone (18-25)

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31  Solomon’s Request for Wisdom (3:3-14)

32  Cut the baby in half!

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34  Solomon’s Request for Wisdom (3:3-14)  Cut the baby in half!  Solomon builds the temple (6)

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36 Built on Mount Moriah The same mount where Abraham had gone to sacrifice Isaac The temple stood there till it was destroyed in 586B.C. by Nebuchadnezzar It was rebuilt 60 years later It was demolished again in A.D. 70 Currently – the Mohammedan mosque – “The Dome of the Rock” – is located on this spot This spot is regarded as the most sacred spot in world history!

37  Solomon’s Request for Wisdom (3:3-14)  Cut the baby in half!  Solomon builds the temple (6)  Solomon’s downfall—Women!

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39  Forced Labor—Political

40  Excessive Taxes—Political

41  Forced Labor—Political  Excessive Taxes—Political  Multiple and Mixed Marriage—Spiritual

42  Forced Labor—Political  Excessive Taxes—Political  Multiple and Mixed Marriage—Spiritual  Harem of 1,000 (700 royal birth, 300 concubines)

43  Solomon’s Request for Wisdom (3:3-14)  Cut the baby in half!  Solomon builds the temple (6)  Solomon’s downfall—Women!  Harem of 1,000 (700 royal birth, 300 concubines)  Israel Splits (12-14)

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46  Solomon’s Request for Wisdom (3:3-14)  Cut the baby in half!  Solomon builds the temple (6)  Solomon’s downfall—Women!  Harem of 1,000 (700 royal birth, 300 concubines)  Israel Splits (12-14)  Elijah’s Ministry (17-22)

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48  Solomon’s Request for Wisdom (3:3-14)  Cut the baby in half!  Solomon builds the temple (6)  Solomon’s downfall—Women!  Harem of 1,000 (700 royal birth, 300 concubines)  Israel Splits (12-14)  Elijah’s Ministry (17-22)  Face off with the prophets of Baal (18)

49  Solomon’s Request for Wisdom (3:3-14)  Cut the baby in half!  Solomon builds the temple (6)  Solomon’s downfall—Women!  Harem of 1,000 (700 royal birth, 300 concubines)  Israel Splits (12-14)  Elijah’s Ministry (17-22)  Face off with the prophets of Baal (18)  Elijah and Elisha’s ministries were directed against various aspects of Baalism

50  Chariots of Fire—Elijah rides to heaven (2)

51  Elisha raises a child from the dead (4:8-37)

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53  Chariots of Fire—Elijah rides to heaven (2)  Elisha raises a child from the dead (4:8-37)  Naaman (Syrian commander) healed of leprosy (5)

54  Chariots of Fire—Elijah rides to heaven (2)  Elisha raises a child from the dead (4:8-37)  Naaman (Syrian commander) healed of leprosy (5)  Solomon’s temple is repaired (12)

55  Chariots of Fire—Elijah rides to heaven (2)  Elisha raises a child from the dead (4:8-37)  Naaman (Syrian commander) healed of leprosy (5)  Solomon’s temple is repaired (12)  Israel (north) falls to Assyria (17)

56  It was a 30 yr decline, from Independence to Captivity  Kings Menahem and Pekahiah: paid tribute to Assyria to avoid invasion  King Pekah: -Formed an alliance with the Rezin, King of Syria, aggainst the Assyrians -The alliance fell apart when Rezin was killed, and the Israelites killed Pekah to enthrone Hoshea as a vassal of the King of Assyria.

57  Hoshea stopped his tributary payments to Assyria, and was depending on Egypt to help them.  The Assyrian King besieged Samaria.  After a 3 year siege, Hoshea was forced to surrender. (This signified the end of the Northern Kingdom, 723B.C.)  28,000 Israelites were taken captive and dispersed into the regions of Persia.  Israel was reduced to the status of an Assyrian Province.

58 “For over 200 years the Israelites had followed the pattern set by Jeroboam, who led his people into idolatry. Prophet after prophet warned the kings as well as the people of impending judgment. For their gross idolatry and their failure to heed the admonition to serve God, the Israelites were subjected to captivity.”

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60  Chariots of Fire—Elijah rides to heaven (2)  Elisha raises a child from the dead (4:8-37)  Naaman (Syrian commander) healed of leprosy (5)  Solomon’s temple is repaired (12)  Israel (north) falls to Assyria (17)  Sennacherib attacks Jerusalem, but loses (18-19)

61  Chariots of Fire—Elijah rides to heaven (2)  Elisha raises a child from the dead (4:8-37)  Naaman (Syrian commander) healed of leprosy (5)  Solomon’s temple is repaired (12)  Israel (north) falls to Assyria (17)  Sennacherib attacks Jerusalem, but loses (18-19)  Jerusalem falls (25)

62  From Hezekiah to Manasseh: - Hezekiah began his reign in 716 B.C. (after the fall of the N.K. to Assyria) *He led the people in the greatest reformation of Judah’s history: idols removed, temple repaired, and invited the northern tribes to come and worship in Jerusalem. - When Sennacherib (King of Assyria) demanded the surrender of Jerusalem, Hezekiah prayed and God delivered them from the threat of Sennacherib. “With him is an arm of flesh; but with us is the Lord our God to help us and to fight our battles.”

63 -Manasseh reigned after Hezekiah *He brought Judah into its darkest era of idolatry: worship of Baal, star and planetary worship, the ammonite god, Moloch, was worshiped through the sacrificing of children, and divination and occultism were sanctioned.

64  Josiah -was put on the throne at the age of 8 - died, at 39, from being fatally wounded in battle against Necho, King of Egypt. (Necho was attempting to aid the Assyrians, in their fight agains the Medo-Babylonian coalition.) -the Assyrian capital to the rising kingdoms of Media and Babylon during his reign

65  Jehoiakim -On the throne, but subject to Necho, until Necho was defeated by the Babylonians -He maintained a anti-Babylonian policy and was invaded by Nebuchadnezzar in 598B.C. -Jehoiachin, his son, only ruled for 3 months, and then surrendered to Nebuchadnezzar. *the temple was invaded and people began to be taken captive

66  Zedekiah -subject to Babylon, but able to maintain the kingdom for 11 years -was invaded by Babylon in 588B.C., after joining a pro-Egyptian party (which was in rebellion against the Babylonians) *at this point of invasion the temple was burned (reduced to ashes), the capial was abandoned, and the people were taken captive or dispersed

67  Jeroboam  Introduces idolatry (golden calves)  Corrupted the worship of the LORD Other kings compared to him  Omri  Political success Declared the new capital at Samaria  Spiritual failure  Ahab  Baalism  Stole Naboth’s Vineyard

68  Jehu  Anointed by Elisha  Killed Ahab’s family and priests of Baal  Bad king—motivations were political not spiritual  Jeroboam II  Politically successful  Continued corrupted Yahweh worship  Hoshea  Did evil but not as bad as those before him  Let people worship in Jerusalem

69  Rehoboam  Politically incompetent  Spiritually foolish and evil  Asa (good)  Purged Judah of immorality and idolatry  Jehoshaphat  Opposed idolatry but allowed it  Politically effective

70  Jehoram  A wicked copycat  Married Ahab’s daughter  Athaliah/Joash  Queen who led the bloody coup  Killed the royal family except Joash  Joash was crowned as a 7 year old  Priestly revival

71  Hezekiah  “2 nd Solomon”  Spiritually—Did what was right as David had done  Militarily—Threat from Sennacherib, King of Assyria  Personally—Illness that God heals  Manasseh  Reestablished Baal worship  Built altars to star deities  Witchcraft and human sacrifice (his own son)  Spiritually—Ignored prophets and persecuted and killed them

72  Josiah  Spiritually Did what was right and walked like David Ordered repair of the temple Law Book Revival  Militarily Killed in campaign against Pharaoh Necho  Prophet--Jeremiah  Zedekiah  Spiritually Evil in the eyes of the Lord  Politically Vassal of Nebuchadnezzar, but he rebelled  Militarily Fall of Jerusalem Capture of Zedekiah Execution of 2 sons and then eyes poked out


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