2 ObjectivesExplain how the achievements of Saul, David, and Solomon led to the growth of the kingdom of Israel and the Jewish religion.Describe what everyday life was like for the ancient Israelites after their return to Canaan.
3 Vocabulary Territory – region Proverb - short sayings that express a truth about life
5 The Israelites Get a King 1020 BC: Southern Canaan The Israelites returned to Canaan 40 years after the Exodus and lived there as 12 independent tribesThey were attacked and without unity had trouble fighting off their attackersThey decided they needed to unite under one king, Saul, as the first ruler of the kingdom of Israel
6 Saul and DavidSaul defeated many Israelites enemies and expanded his kingdomKing Saul died in a war in about 1000 BCDavid, of the tribe of Judah, became the new kingDavid was a strong ruler who established Jerusalem as the center of government and religious life in Israel (capital)Jerusalem laid between the lands of David’s tribe, Judah’s and other tribes but did not belong to any single Israelite tribeDavid’s kingdom stretched from Egypt to Mesopotamia
8 The Kingdom of SolomonAfter David died in 967 BC, his son Solomon became next king of IsraelSolomon’s reign was a peaceful one, marked by economic prosperity and numerous building projectsAll were funded by heavy taxes and completed with forced laborTrade agreements with Phoenicia and Egypt helped the economy growSolomon also made alliances with Israel’s neighbors leading to peace during his rule
9 Life in Ancient IsraelJudaism guided everyday life in Solomon’s peaceful kingdom; growth of religionHigh taxes and forced labor caused some people to be unhappyMen were farmers, metal workers, carpenters, weavers, government officials of soldiersWomen cooked, cleaned, collected water, made clothing and some worked for wealthy IsraelitesSolomon was known for his proverbs
10 Impact of Ancient Israel Covenant = formal agreement between Hebrews and God (Yahweh); Hebrews worshipped God and only God, and in return, they would be God’s Chosen People and given Canaan as the Promised LandSpiritual ideas profoundly influenced Western culture, morality, ethics and conductThree of the world’s most dominant religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam all derive their roots from the spiritual beliefs of the Ancient Israelites
11 Lesson 2 SummaryThe Israelites settled in Canaan. Attacks by unfriendly neighbors convinced them that they needed a king. Saul served as the first king. King David, the second King, expanded the kingdom. David’s son Solomon brought wealth and stability. He built a temple in Jerusalem. For the most part, life in the kingdom was peaceful.
12 How would the fact that Jerusalem did not belong to any single Israelite tribe make it a good choice for Israel’s capital?
13 How would the fact that Jerusalem did not belong to any single Israelite tribe make it a good choice for Israel’s capital?Because no single Israelite tribe had control over Jerusalem, this may have reduced political struggles among the tribes.
14 What caused Israel to have a strong economy under King Solomon’s rule?
15 What caused Israel to have a strong economy under King Solomon’s rule? King Solomon established trade agreements with Phoenicia and Egypt. He created a large army to protect trade routes
16 What were some of the jobs ancient Israelites had?
17 What were some of the jobs ancient Israelites had? Metal workers, carpenters, weavers, government officials, soldiers
18 Why did King Solomon build a temple in Jerusalem? He wanted a place to worship god
19 Links Judaism Religion and Ethics Ancient History Sourcebook- Israel Ancient Israel