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Kings & Chronicles Part 1 I Kings 1-14, II Chronicles 1-12 Nancy G Daniel.

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Presentation on theme: "Kings & Chronicles Part 1 I Kings 1-14, II Chronicles 1-12 Nancy G Daniel."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kings & Chronicles Part 1 I Kings 1-14, II Chronicles 1-12 Nancy G Daniel

2 REVIEW of Terms Exegesis (from the Greek ἐξήγησις from ἐξηγεῖσθαι 'to lead out') The goal of Biblical exegesis is to explore the meaning of the text which then leads to discovering its significance or relevance.Greek Eisegesis (from Greek εἰς "into") is the process of misinterpreting a text in such a way that it introduces one's own ideas, reading into the text.Greek Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010

3 Hermeneutics: The discipline of interpretation. It includes the entire framework of the interpretive process, encompassing all forms of communication: written, verbal and nonverbal. Nancy G Daniel MSU Theology 2010

4 Kings Content Kings was originally 1 book, around 400 years of history (c BCE) – sequel to Samuel The title “Kings” came from Jerome’s translation [the Vulgate] Presents God as Lord of history To be viewed as a theology lesson from history Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010

5 Natural Divisions of Kings Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010 United Kingdom under Solomon: – 1 Kings 1-11 Divided Kingdoms – 1Kings Kings 17 Surviving Kingdom of Judah – 2 Kings 18-25

6 Author & Dates of Kings DATE: – Compiled some time after capture of Judah by Babylonians in 586 BC [2Kings25] between 560 & 538 BC – Last event recorded was release of King Jehoiachin [597BC] – There was no mention of the fall of Babylon to Persia in 538 BC AUTHOR: – Some scholars agree on Jeremiah as author: – Jeremiah stated in Jewish tradition of Talmud – Jeremiah could have written all but 2 Kings 25:27-30 possibly written by his disciples Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010

7 Chronicles Content Chronicles was originally one book: – Events of Days, it was divided and named “Things Passed Over” by Greek translators or Septuagint, or LXX – Jerome gave it the title Chronicles Chronicles is a duplication & supplement to Samuel & Kings. Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010

8 Natural Divisions of Chronicles 1CHRONICLES – Genealogies – Reign of David CHRONICLES – Reign of Solomon-1-9 – Reign of Judah Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010

9 Author & Dates of Chronicles Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010 DATE: – Between 425 & 400 BC AUTHOR: – Some scholars agree on Ezra as author

10 Kings vs Chronicles Book similar but not identical- the gospels WRITTEN TO: – Kings: those in Exile – Chronicles: postexilic community PERSPECTIVE – Kings: Judah & Israel, prophetic outlook – Chronicles: Judah, priestly outlook Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010

11 Tribal Jealousies? Ephraim: claimed promises Gen 48:17-22, 49:22-26 – Joshua [promised land] from Ephraim, Num 13:8 – Samuel, from Ephraim, 1 Sam 1:1 Ephraim allied with Ish-Bosheth in revolt against David, from the tribe of Judah, 2 Sam 2:8-11 David appeased hard feelings: Solomon & Rehoboam were breaking point Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010

12 Setting the Stage: Jeroboam vs Rehoboam: Kingdoms Divide Rehoboam-Solomon’s Son Jeroboam servant of Solomon [Ephraimite] 1Kings 11:4-13 Solomon’s heart  Prophecy of Jeroboam – 1 Kings 11:26-40 Israel Rebels – 1 Kings 12, 2 Chronicles 10:1 Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010

13 Northern tribes feeling alienation Solomon imposed work on people-everyone had to serve, a work state Monarchy vs Tribal Society Tribal: united by covenant with God guided by priests, prophets & judges inspired by the holy spirit Nancy G Daniel MSU Theology 2010

14 The divide Bible says Solomon’s sin-was the downfall 922BC the kingdoms divide 722BC Israel falls Many kings- not all good Nancy G Daniel MSU Theology 2010

15 North: Jeroboam Prophecy: torn & given to him Establishes shrines at Shechem Rejects house of David Nancy G Daniel MSU Theology 2010

16 South: Reoboam Solomon’s son Advice from young friends Pushed people away Two tribes went with him: Benjamin & Judah Nancy G Daniel MSU Theology 2010

17 Many kings Both North & South History remembers no good kings in north & a few in the south Nancy G Daniel MSU Theology 2010

18 Names Rehoboam = "a people has enlarged” [Judah] Jeroboam = "the people will contend” [Israel] Ahijah = "brother of Jehovah (Yahu)” [prophet] Abijah = "Jehovah is (my) father” [baby] Abijam = "my father is the sea" or "Yah(u) is (my) father" Nancy G Daniel MSU Theology 2010

19 A few more names Asa = "healer: injurious (?)" king of Judah, son of Abijam, father of Jehoshaphat Jehoram or Joram = "Jehovah is exalted” Ahaziah = "Jehovah (Yahu) holds (possesses)” Jehu = "Jehovah is He” Elijah = "my God is Jehovah" or "Yah(u) is God” Jehoshaphat = "Jehovah has judged" Nancy G Daniel MSU Theology 2010

20 200 years after Solomon BC the northern kingdom falls Assyria come to the border of the southern kingdom, Judah Judah paying tribute to new world power 150 years later Babylon conquers Assyrians and take control of Judah Nancy G Daniel MSU Theology 2010

21 kings Please look up: – The old prophet 1 kings 13:9 old prophet? What are your thoughts about this scripture? Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010

22 kings Please look up – Ahijah’s two words to Jeroboam: 1 Kings 11:11 1 Kings 14:5 From what you know about Jeroboam why do you think it was it considered rebellion for him to divide the kingdom as he did? Nancy G Daniel-MSU Theology 2010


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