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Characteristics of Civilization: The Hebrews and Phoenicians Mr. Pagliaro Seymour High School.

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Presentation on theme: "Characteristics of Civilization: The Hebrews and Phoenicians Mr. Pagliaro Seymour High School."— Presentation transcript:

1 Characteristics of Civilization: The Hebrews and Phoenicians Mr. Pagliaro Seymour High School

2 Key Vocabulary Terms  monotheism  covenant  murex Names  Palestine  Canaan  Abraham  Torah  Moses  Phoenicians

3 Section Objectives  Summarize the history and beliefs of the Hebrews  Explain the historical and cultural significance of Exodus  Identify and evaluate the contributions of the Phoenicians

4 The Ancient Hebrews  Location-South Western Fertile Crescent Canaan (later Israel)  Significance-Worlds 1 st Monotheistic Religion: Judaism Belief in Yahweh (Hebrew name for God) Believed to be “God’s Chosen People”  Founder: Abram (later Abraham)

5 Abraham-Patriarch of Monotheism ABRAHAM SARAH HAGAR Isaac Esau Jacob 12 Tribes of Israel Ishmael 12 Arabian Tribes Judaism & Christianity Islam Hebrew Social Structure: The 12 Tribes of Israel

6 Abraham’s Journey from Ur Canaan  The “Promised Land”

7 Abraham’s Journeys

8 Check up  Where did Abraham and his family originally come from? Where did they go?

9 The Torah  The first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible.  The most sacred text in the Jewish religious tradition.  God’s covenant  The first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible.  The most sacred text in the Jewish religious tradition.  God’s covenant

10 Famine  Migration to Goshen, Egypt

11 Moses “Prince of Egypt” “Shepherd of His People”

12 The Exodus-Hebrews out of Egypt c. 1400s or 1300s BC

13 Route of the Exodus

14 Moses and the 10 Commandments A new “covenant” with Yahweh

15 Hebrew Kings c BC (the Golden Age) 1. Saul 2. David 3. Solomon

16 King David’s Empire

17 Solomon’s Kingdom Solomon’s Kingdom

18 King Solomon’s Temple Floor Plan The First Temple

19 Inside the Temple Tabernacle (The Holy of Holies) Inside the Temple Tabernacle (The Holy of Holies) The Ark of the Covenant

20 The Temple Mount  Today Solomon’s Temple Wall: The “Wailing” Wall

21 Kingdoms of Judah & Israel Kingdoms of Judah & Israel

22 Babylonian Captivity

23 Check up  What was the Babylonian captivity?  What were some of the main problems facing the Hebrews between 2000 BC and 700 BC?

24 The Phoenicians  Achievement #1:Extraordinary shipbuilders and sailors  Government:City-States Sidon and Tyre made red-purple dye (60,000 snails made one 1 lb. brick) Byblos traded papyrus. Greatest colony was Carthage (Tyre)

25 Trade  Round-hulled ships  Goods: Murex (purple dye) Glass Lebanon cedar

26 Phoenician Trade Routes

27 The Phoenician Alphabet

28 Check up  What is Phoenician’s greatest legacy, extensive trade and cultural diffusion or the 1st alphabet?


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