Section Objectives Summarize the history and beliefs of the Hebrews Explain the historical and cultural significance of Exodus Identify and evaluate the contributions of the Phoenicians
The Ancient Hebrews Location-South Western Fertile Crescent Canaan (later Israel) Significance-Worlds 1 st Monotheistic Religion: Judaism Belief in Yahweh (Hebrew name for God) Believed to be “God’s Chosen People” Founder: Abram (later Abraham)
Abraham-Patriarch of Monotheism ABRAHAM SARAH HAGAR Isaac Esau Jacob 12 Tribes of Israel Ishmael 12 Arabian Tribes Judaism & Christianity Islam Hebrew Social Structure: The 12 Tribes of Israel
Abraham’s Journey from Ur Canaan The “Promised Land”
Check up Where did Abraham and his family originally come from? Where did they go?
The Torah The first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible. The most sacred text in the Jewish religious tradition. God’s covenant The first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible. The most sacred text in the Jewish religious tradition. God’s covenant
Check up What was the Babylonian captivity? What were some of the main problems facing the Hebrews between 2000 BC and 700 BC?
The Phoenicians Achievement #1:Extraordinary shipbuilders and sailors Government:City-States Sidon and Tyre made red-purple dye (60,000 snails made one 1 lb. brick) Byblos traded papyrus. Greatest colony was Carthage (Tyre)