3Section Objectives Summarize the history and beliefs of the Hebrews Explain the historical and cultural significance of ExodusIdentify and evaluate the contributions of the Phoenicians
4The Ancient Hebrews Location-South Western Fertile Crescent Canaan (later Israel)Significance-Worlds 1st Monotheistic Religion: JudaismBelief in Yahweh (Hebrew name for God)Believed to be “God’s Chosen People”Founder: Abram (later Abraham)
5Abraham-Patriarch of Monotheism Hebrew Social Structure:The 12 Tribes of IsraelHAGARABRAHAMSARAHIshmaelIsaac12 Arabian TribesJacobEsauIslam12 Tribes of IsraelJudaism & Christianity
6Abraham’s Journey from Ur Canaan The “Promised Land”
23Check up What was the Babylonian captivity? What were some of the main problems facing the Hebrews between 2000 BC and 700 BC?
24The Phoenicians Achievement #1:Extraordinary shipbuilders and sailors Government:City-StatesSidon and Tyre made red-purple dye (60,000 snails made one 1 lb. brick)Byblos traded papyrus.Greatest colony was Carthage (Tyre)
25TradeRound-hulled shipsGoods:Murex (purple dye)GlassLebanon cedar