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Prophets & Kings 1.OT timetable. 2.David & Bathsheba story. 3.Prophets.

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Presentation on theme: "Prophets & Kings 1.OT timetable. 2.David & Bathsheba story. 3.Prophets."— Presentation transcript:

1 Prophets & Kings 1.OT timetable. 2.David & Bathsheba story. 3.Prophets.

2 Israel surrounded by its ancient enemies

3 Timeline 1300-1250 Exodus 1250 BCE Hebrews came to Canaan 1250-1020 Judges 1020-1000 Saul anointed the first king 1000-961 King David 961-922 King Solomon; First Temple built 922 Solomon’s kingdom divided into Northern (Israel) and Southern (Judah) 721 Northern kingdom is defeated by the Assyrians 626-587 Prophet Jeremiah in Judah. 597 Judah defeated by Babylon; 587 Temple destroyed 597-538 Babylonian exile 538 Beginning of Persian period. Return from exile. 520 Temple rebuilt. “Second Temple Judaism” starts.

4 Ancient Israel and UN plan for the partition of Palestine in 1947

5 Israel before and after the six-day war of 1967.


7 King David Who was David? What did David plan to do for God in 2 Sam 7: 2. How did God respond? What did God promise David in 2 Sam 7: 8- 17? Sum up the contents of David and Bathsheba story in 2 Sam 11. Why did Nathan choose to reprimand David by telling him a parable? 2 Sam 12.

8 The call of the prophet Jeremiah Now the word of the LORD came to me saying, "Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, and before you were born I consecrated you ; I appointed you a prophet to the nations." Then I said, "Ah, Lord GOD! Truly I do not know how to speak, for I am only a boy." But the LORD said to me, "Do not say, 'I am only a boy'; for you shall go to all to whom I send you, and you shall speak whatever I command you. Jeremiah lamenting the destruction of Jerusalem. Rembrandt van Rejn, 1630.

9 The task of the prophet 2 And when he spoke to me, a spirit entered into me and set me on my feet; and I heard him speaking to me. 3 He said to me, Mortal, I am sending you to the people of Israel, to a nation of rebels who have rebelled against me; they and their ancestors have transgressed against me to this very day. 4 The descendants are impudent and stubborn. I am sending you to them, and you shall say to them, "Thus says the Lord GOD." 5 Whether they hear or refuse to hear (for they are a rebellious house), they shall know that there has been a prophet among them. (Ezekiel 2: 2-5) Sistine chapel, ceiling.

10 True & false prophets Anyone who does not heed the words that the prophet shall speak in my name, I myself will hold accountable. But any prophet who speaks in the name of other gods, or who presumes to speak in my name a word that I have not commanded the prophet to speak--that prophet shall die." You may say to yourself, " How can we recognize a word that the LORD has not spoken ?" If a prophet speaks in the name of the LORD but the thing does not take place or prove true, it is a word that the LORD has not spoken. The prophet has spoken it presumptuously; do not be frightened by it. Deuteronomy 18:19-22

11 Moses: the greatest prophet And he said, "Hear my words: When there are prophets among you, I the LORD make myself known to them in visions; I speak to them in dreams. Not so with my servant Moses; he is entrusted with all my house. With him I speak face to face-- clearly, not in riddles; and he beholds the form of the LORD. Numbers 12:6-8

12 Main features of biblical prophets 1. God’s spokesmen: “Thus says the Lord.” 2. Mediators between God and Israel. 3. Challenge to the power of the kings. 4. Message: response to situations. Doom, reproach, repentance, justice will be vindicated 5. Sometimes announce the inevitable, at other times future depends upon human choices. 6. Rarely successful.

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