4 Joshua led the Israelites into the Promised Land. The Lord fought for Israel, and without his help, the Israelites would never have settled in the “land flowing with milk and honey.”Joshua led the Israelites into the Promised Land.
5 JudgesIn ancient Israel, judges were those who acted as temporary military leaders, as well as arbiters of disputes within and between tribes.Judges were also expected to remind the people of their responsibility to God.DEBORAHGIDEONJEPHTHAHSAMSON
6 Cycle of Apostasy Israelites sinned God’s discipline Israelites repent YHWH pitied themJudge died . . .
7 The Monarchy of Israel Israel’s Final Judge Choosing a King Samuel was Israel’s last and most significant judge.Toward the end of his life, the people clamored for a king.Samuel warned against this.Saul was selected king but lost the kingship because he disobeyed divine commands.David was anointed by Samuel to replace Saul.Saul fell on his sword in despair.
8 Israel’s Greatest King David became the sole king of Israel, uniting all tribes into a single nation.David brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem to show YHWH’s abiding presence to the new nation.David had has faults for which he begged forgiveness.Solomon succeeded his father as king.
9 A Divided Kingdom Solomon was known for his wisdom. Solomon was corrupted by his office.After his death, Israel was split into the Kingdom of Judah (south) and the Kingdom of Israel (north).Assyria’s destruction of the northern kingdom in 721 BCBabylonian captivity of the southern kingdom in BC
10 Prophet—”one who speaks for another” God Sends ProphetsProphet—”one who speaks for another”1. There is only one true God—YHWH2. The one God is holy, and God demands that we renounce sin3. God would not abandon His promises to send the Messiah
11 Prophets of the Northern Kingdom Elijah and ElishaElijah taunted the king’s pagan prophetsNext to Moses, Elijah is the greatest of the OT prophets.He was present at Jesus’ TransfigurationElisha succeeded Elijah
12 Prophets of the Northern Kingdom AmosHoseaMessage: Worship of God must show itself in concrete deeds of mercy and justice to the weak and the poor.Message: To accuse Israel of sin and infidelity to God but show that God still loved the Chosen People
13 Prophets of the Southern Kingdom IsaiahLargest of all the prophetic booksThe Chosen People must imitate God’s holiness by righteous living and true worship.Compared the nation to a vineyard that God cultivated
14 Prophets of the Southern Kingdom JeremiahShouted the love of a God who desperately wanted the Chosen People to repentBecame a living symbol of God’s messageCompared YHWH to a potter who would mold the nation in his hands
15 Prophets of the Southern Prophets MicahEzekielMessage: Foretold a coming Messiah who would lead Israel to peace and justiceMessage: keep the Sabbath and follow the law of holiness
16 The Babylonian ExileLiving in a foreign land and intermarriage led to a loss of identity. Without a Temple, Jewish exiles gathered in synagogues where they studied and prayed together.
17 The Message of Second Isaiah SUFFERING SERVANT SONGSSpeaks of God’s Chosen One who will bring justice to the world and treat the bruised reed tenderlyTells how God chose the servant before his birthDescribes how God’s special messenger runs into resentmentParallels to Jesus Christ’s suffering—lamb led to slaughter
18 Return and Recommitment After the return to the Holy Land, a purified Judaism was more faithful to its vocation of witnessing to the nations by keeping the Law. Jesus Christ—the Messiah—was born in Bethlehem while Herod the Great ruled as king of Judea.