Presentation on theme: "JERUSALEM Faith, History, and The Temple. Genesis 14: 17-20 After his return from the defeat of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king."— Presentation transcript:
JERUSALEM Faith, History, and The Temple
Genesis 14: After his return from the defeat of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him at the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley). And King Melchizedek of Salem brought out bread and wine; he was a priest of God Most High. He blessed them and said, “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, maker of heaven and earth; and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand! And Abram gave him one-tenth of everything.
2 Samuel 5:6-7 The king and his men marched to Jerusalem against the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land, who said to David, “You will not come here, even the blind and the lame will turn you back” – thinking, “David cannot come in here.” Nevertheless, David took the stronghold of Zion, which is now the city of David.
View of Jerusalem
City of David
I Kings 6:1 In the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites came out of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month of Ziv, which is the second month, he began to build the house of the Lord.
I Kings 6:11-14 Now the word of the Lord came to Solomon, “Concerning this house that you are building, if you will walk in my statutes, obey my ordinances, and keep all my commandments by walking in them, then I will establish my promise with you, which I made to your father David. I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will not forsake my people Israel.” So Solomon built the house, and finished it.
Some Facts Three-part structure on a straight axis –Ulam (porch or vestibule) 20 cubits wide by 10 cubits long –Hekal (nave) 40 cubits long. Ritual objects were kept here –Debir (inner sanctuary) a 20 cubit sided cube. Ark of the covenant is kept here. Two cherubim over it. Throne of God. Oriented toward the east Jachin (S) and Boaz (N) are two pillars standing in front of the ulam. Connect the underworld to the heavens Bronze or molten sea outside holds a representation of the cosmic waters
II Kings 25:8-12 In the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month – which was the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar, king of Babylon – Nebuzaradan, the captain of the bodyguard, a servant of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. He burned the house of the Lord, the king’s house, and all the houses of Jerusalem; every great house he burned down. All the army of the Chaldeans who were with the captain of the guard broke down the walls around Jerusalem. Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried into exile the rest of the people who were left in the city and the deserters who had defected to the king of Babylon – all the rest of the population. But the captain of the guard left some of the poorest people of the land to be vinedressers and tillers of the soil.
Nebuchadnezzar destroys the city
Second Temple Construction According to Haggai, the work started on 21 September 520BCE Zerubbabel was the governor; Joshua was the high priest Their combined efforts resulted in the rebuilding Haggai 1:14b-15 And they came and worked on the house of the Lord of hosts, their God, on the twenty-fourth day of the month, in the sixth month By Haggai 2:1 where we read it is the seventh month and the twenty-first day, we know it is 17 October 520 BCE and significant work has been accomplished
Haggai 2:1-3 In the second year of King Darius, in the seventh month, on the twenty-first day of the month, the word of the Lord came by the prophet Haggai, saying: “Speak now to Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua, son of Jehozadak, the high priest, and to the remnant of the people, and say, Who is left among you that saw this house in its former glory? How does it look to you now? Is it not in your sight as nothing?
More on Second Temple Herod did a major reconstruction of the temple in the 1 st century BCE Temple platform was enlarged to 172,000 sq yds (144,000 sq m) It was the largest temple of ancient times Many courtyards added and luxury building materials brought in Destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE
Second Temple in the City
Approaching the Temple
Destruction of Jerusalem Titus’ Arch -- Rome
Temple Mount or Haram al-Sharif
Jerusalem the Golden
Qu’ran 17:1 Glory be to Him Who made His servant to go on a night from the Sacred Mosque to the remote mosque of which We have blessed the precincts, so that We may show to Him some of our signs; surely he is the Hearing, the Seeing.
Legend of the Golden Gate Suleiman’s walls Sealed since c1600 CE Messiah will pass through