Presentation on theme: "Digital Fountain Codes V.S. Reed-Solomon Code For Streaming Applications S.K.Chang 2006/11/07."— Presentation transcript:
Digital Fountain Codes V.S. Reed-Solomon Code For Streaming Applications S.K.Chang 2006/11/07
Reference “WHY DIGITAL FOUNTAIN’S RAPTOR CODE IS BETTER THAN REED-SOLOMON ERASURE CODES FOR STREAMING APPLICATIONS” – Copyright c 2005 Digital Fountain, Inc. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. “Raptor versus Reed Solomon Forward Error Correction Codes” – Ufuk DEMIR, Ozlem AKTA$ – Computer Engineering Department Dokuz Eyluil University Izmir, Turkey “Raptor codes” – AMIN SHOKROLLAHI DF Digital Fountain Technical Report “ LT Codes ” – Michael Luby DigitalFountain,Inc. “CAPACITY APPROACHING CODES DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION SPECIAL SECTION --- Fountain codes” – D.J.C. MacKay
Outline FEC Code and Erasure Code Reed-Solomon Code Digital Fountain Code RS code and DF Code On Streaming Some Results Conclusion
FEC Code and Erasure Code Internet traffic problem – Reliability is very important requirement while over Data transmitting data network. – Error Type Bit Errors Packet Loss – Scheme Feedback Channel Error Concealment Channel Coding / Error Resilience
FEC Code and Erasure Code Feedback Channel – Real network condition – Disadvantage Bandwidth Practice link V.S. Logical Link Error Concealment – Decoder side technique – Disadvantage No encoder side information blurring effect
FEC Code and Erasure Code Channel Coding – FEC Code – Erasure Code Forward Error Correct Code – Non-feedback channel – Is capable of error correcting when error is fewer than correct ability Erasure Code – Non-feedback channel – Is capable of error correcting from any subset with some amount
Reed-Solomon Code Block-based error correcting codes Takes a block of data and adds extra "redundant" bits When used as error correction codes, are well-known to be capable of correcting any combination of [k-n/2] or fewer errors By contrast, when used as erasure codes, are capable of correcting (n-k) erasures from any successfully received set of k symbols.
Reed-Solomon Code 1 bit data 3 bit output Error Detection Add redundant on data 1 bit error can be detected 2 bit error can’t be detected But we don’t know how to correct it!
Reed-Solomon Code 1 bit data 4 bit output Error Detection Error Correction Error corrected capacity 2 bits error Error corrected fault! 2 bits error can be detected 1 bit error can be corrected 2 bits error can’t be corrected
Reed-Solomon Code Base on arithmetic over GF(2 n ) finite field Advantage – Systematic coding – Low redundancy (high coding rate) For linear code with the same input and output size, the RS code is the maximum possible coding with minimum distance – Is good at burst-error correction Memorial channel Disadvantage ： – inefficiencies and limitations in packet-level erasure codes. Computing Complexity Mathematical – Primary elements
Digital Fountain Code Block/Pixel-based error correcting codes Random selection combination of data – Break up data into output Break up data information Redundant equation Error correction and erasure capacity is depend on selection probability distribution
Digital Fountain Code d v 2 (101000) 2 (110000) 2 (000011) 2 (000101) 1 (010000) 1 (000010) 3 (100101) 1 (001000) 1 1 (000100)
Digital Fountain Code d v 2 (101000) 2 (110000) 2 (000101) 1 (000010) 3 (100101) 1 (001000) Fault!!!
Digital Fountain Code d v 2 (101000) 2 (110000) 2 (000101) 1 (000010) 3 (100101) 1 (001000) 1 (000100) OK!!!
Digital Fountain Code Base on random distribution and probability decoding process Systematic or Non-systematic Advantage – Efficient – Non-block base coding – Multiple decoding path Disadvantage – Probability decoding
RS code and DF Code On Streaming Packet-Level FEC for Streaming Applications
RS code and DF Code On Streaming RS code block size is limited by – Computing complexity – Mathematics For a streaming coded by RS code – Data division / Blocks interleaved. – Each black is encoded by different RS code
RS code and DF Code On Streaming When more than one Reed-Solomon code is used and interleaved, the performance can deteriorate because of the randomly distributed nature of packet loss More data must be transmitted using interleaved short blocks to provide the same level of protection Additional data represents interleaving overhead – Interleaving overhead is a key reason why RS erasure codes reveal inferior performance in many practical applications
RS code and DF Code On Streaming By contrast, a digital fountain codes don’t require any such segmentation and thus doesn’t incur any interleaving overhead. Digital fountain code requires almost linear computing complexity on encoding and decoding.
Conclusion Raptor Codes provide exceptional flexibility, while Reed Solomon codes are subject to constraints that limit their utility and diminish their relative performance Raptor codes protect against packet loss with greater efficiency than Reed Solomon codes. Raptor codes require less processing power than Reed Solomon erasure codes (increases linearly with the level of provided protection, not quadratic ). Raptor codes allow a given application to be optimally addressed in terms of the degree of packet loss protection, bandwidth expansion, and processing demands.