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SUCCESSFUL MODEL OF COOPERATION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT, INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS and CIVIL SOCIETY.

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Presentation on theme: "SUCCESSFUL MODEL OF COOPERATION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT, INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS and CIVIL SOCIETY."— Presentation transcript:

1 SUCCESSFUL MODEL OF COOPERATION BETWEEN GOVERNMENT, INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS and CIVIL SOCIETY

2 SITUATION REPORT ON TRAFFICKING IN BULGARIA

3 Belaruss Moldova Russia Ukraine Bulgaria : country of transit for TRAFFICKING ROUTES

4 Active Channels through and from Bulgaria Russia, Ukraine, Moldova, Belaruss – Bulgaria – Greece, Turkey, Macedonia Bulgaria – Macedonia - Greece, Albania, Italy, Spain Bulgaria – Macedonia – Serbia, Hungary, Czech Republic, Poland Bulgaria – Serbia – Austria, Germany, The Netherlands Bulgaria – Serbia – Austria, Germany, Belgium Georgia – Turkey – Bulgaria - Greece Georgia – Turkey – Bulgaria – Macedonia - Greece

5 Increasing numbers of third country nationals are attracted by the Economic and social opportunities available in EU "Zero" immigration polices of the past 30 years in the countries of EU versus Growing shortages of labor at both skilled and unskilled levels in the countries of EU Shrinking populations in the countries of EU 0% to 30% Illegal immigration, smuggling and trafficking are accompanying traits Recognized need to balance the demand and supply side of the labor market in the context of the aging population of Europe Contemporary Geopolitical Context

6 SHARP INCREASE IN IRREGULAR MIGRATION AND TRAFFICKING IN MIGRANTS VAST MARKET FOR IRREGULAR MIGRATION SERVICES EMERGES GOOD GROUND CONDITIONS FOR CRIMINAL NETWORKS

7 In a globalizing economy in an integrating international environment in an era of advanced technologies and communications when the mobility of population is high and ever growing when the world is turning more and more into a global village To live and work abroad becomes more than ever a way of life Indeed at the turn of the millennium the world changes at a high speed

8 ANNUAL INCREASE OF INTERNATIONAL MIGRANTS AS COMPARED TO 1.7% GLOBAL POPULATION INCREASE FEMINIZATION OF THE MIGRATION FLOWS

9 search for: higher standard of living better income better job opportunities Economic Reasons personal aspirations: better professional development education Disappointment with the process of reforms and pace of transition in SEE

10 political stability economic security employment opportunities presence of friends and relatives FACTORS INFLUENCING THE CHOICE OF DESTINATION FOR POTENTIAL MIGRANTS

11 High skilled work force Lack of adequate opportunities Aspirations for personal realization and success Desire to work abroad next

12 Lack of experience in traveling abroad No familiarity with life in migration and related risks as well as different lifestyles Unrealistic expectations ALL THIS LEADS TO PREDISPOSITION TO TRAFFICKING AND PERSONAL ABUSE No familiarity with national and international legislation and support bodies for protection of migrants and human rights next

13 WAYS OF RECRUITMENT: hire of show performances hire of show performances fashion-show model competitions fashion-show model competitions false marriage false marriage kidnapping kidnapping false job offers in the hotel and restaurant business false job offers in the hotel and restaurant business false invitation for visits and tourism false invitation for visits and tourism

14 Vulnerability to Exploitation: next insecure environment in the country of destination; in need of income to maintain themselves; need to pay back debt incurred; in need of protection and assistance Consequences: confinement in sweat shops, factories, fishing boats; forced involvement in organized criminal activity; begging; forced sex services; other forms of forced labor / servitude / slavery Migrants Controlled by Traffickers by: debt bondage; retention of passports and travel documents; security guards; violence or threat of violence

15 IOM strategic approach and counter-trafficking measures next

16 COUNTER TRAFFICKING IOM AREA OF HIGHEST CONCERN AND IOM PRIORITY SERVICE AREA

17 IOM strategic approach and counter-trafficking measures Strengthened operational network and capacities Expanded project portfolio maintaining substantial programs in most affected countries Developed coherent regional and sub-regional strategies and integrated responses Protection and security standards enhanced Reintegration assistance incorporated as integral part of return next

18 IOM strategic approach and counter-trafficking measures Developed uniform Data Base System (data collection / comparison / analysis) On-going applied research Enhanced Technical Cooperation activities Optimized operation by better and more cost-effective management of resources next

19 IOM Bulgaria Counter-Trafficking Activities

20 IOM Bulgaria Counter-trafficking activities next PREVENTION PROTECTION PROSECUTION

21 IOM Bulgaria Counter-trafficking activities RESEARCH RESEARCH PREVENTION PREVENTION CAPACITY BUILDING: Governments/NGOs and Media/Partnership Networks CAPACITY BUILDING: Governments/NGOs and Media/Partnership Networks DIRECT SUPPORT TO VICTIMS DIRECT SUPPORT TO VICTIMS

22 national public information campaigns national public information campaigns national educational module national educational module police programpolice program civil societycivil society IOM direct dialogue regime with studentsIOM direct dialogue regime with students national essays competitionsnational essays competitions special events/ meetings between institutions, pupils, students/ IOMspecial events/ meetings between institutions, pupils, students/ IOM public information consultancy centers public information consultancy centers prevention through art prevention through art PREVENTION

23 seminars seminars partnerships/ networks partnerships/ networks local interinstitutional councils local interinstitutional councils training training CAPACITY BUILDING

24 Support for safe return Support for safe return Safe accommodation Safe accommodation Reintegration Reintegration SUPPORT TO VICTIMS

25 Assisted Victims of Trafficking Assisted Victims of Trafficking ASSISTED VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING OF BULGARIAN ORIGIN BY YEAR ne xt

26 Assisted Victims of Trafficking Assisted Victims of Trafficking ASSISTED FOREIGN COUNTRY NATIONALS BY YEAR ASSISTED FOREIGN COUNTRY NATIONALS BY YEAR ne xt

27 ASSISTED VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING OF BULGARIAN ORIGIN BY COUNTRY OF DESTINATION AND BY YEAR ne xt Germany Total Kosovo Macedonia Italy France0358 Albania2204 Belgium0112 Holland0101 Montenegro0011 Slovenia0011 Cyprus0011

28 ASSISTED FOREIGN COUNTRY NATIONALS BY COUNTRY OF ORIGIN AND YEAR ne xt Ukrainian Total Moldavian Russian Georgian1315 Romanian0022

29 BULGARIAN AND FOREIGN VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING REFFERED TO IOM SOFIA BY: next Law Enforcement 68% Law Enforcement 68% IOM offices 24% IOM offices 24% Foreign NGOs 6% Foreign NGOs 6% Others 2% Others 2%

30 VICTIMS’ PROFILES VICTIMS’ PROFILES Age Breakdown Youngest:13 years of age Oldest:40 years of age Youngest:13 years of age Oldest:40 years of age over 30 over 30 8 % 49 % 26 % 17 % % 29 % 12 % 2001 next

31 Marital Status  single  married  divorced  stable relation  widow  n/a 73% 9% 6% 6% 3% 3% next

32 With Children  yes  no  n/a 82% 12% 6% next

33 Residence Type  rural  urban  n/a 88% 9% 3% next

34 Family Composition  nuclear  extended  n/a 70% 21% 9% next

35 Family Relation  good  difficult  bad  normal  n/a 46% 27% 9% 12% 6% next

36 Level of Education  none  primary  middle  high  prof. school  university  other  n/a 28% 18% 6% 15% 6% 6% 9% 12% next

37 The Assistance Process Main Components The Assistance Process Main Components IOM uniform interview as a basis for case analysis and assistance planning 5 sections aimed at : assessment of personal background description of recruitment and trafficking story preliminary assessment of physical and medical condition 5 sections aimed at : assessment of personal background description of recruitment and trafficking story preliminary assessment of physical and medical condition 1. Personal Information 2. Working experience and travel abroad 3. Recruitment and trafficking process 4. Living and working conditions while trafficked 5. Health next

38 The Assistance Process Main Components The Assistance Process Main Components Safe Transportation and Escort Medical Screening/ Psychological Assistance Shelter Accommodation Reintegration Assistance : monthly allowances monthly allowances job orientation/ job placement job orientation/ job placement qualification courses qualification courses social assistance social assistance school insertion programs school insertion programs resettlement resettlement next

39 IOM Sofia-Types of Assistance Programs Based on 2002 Caseload IOM Sofia-Types of Assistance Programs Based on 2002 Caseload IOM SOFIA SHELTER CAPACITY: 15 beds CAPACITY: 15 beds Living room Living room Reception room Reception room Medical cabinet Medical cabinet Kitchen Kitchen Service Service next

40 PARTNERSHIP – MAIN TOOL TO DELIVER COUNTER TRAFFICKING PROGRAMS IN BULGARIA

41 IOM SOFIA – MAIN PARTNERS IN THE ASSISTANCE PROCESS Transportation Assistance/ Escort Transportation Assistance/ EscortIOM/GO Bulgarian PoliceBulgarian Police Medical Screening Medical ScreeningIOM/NGOs Bulgarian Family Planning AssociationBulgarian Family Planning Association Medicine sans FrontieresMedicine sans Frontieres Psychological Counseling Psychological CounselingIOM/NGOs Nadya CenterNadya Center SOS Families in Distress, VarnaSOS Families in Distress, Varna Marya Center, Gorna OriahovitsaMarya Center, Gorna Oriahovitsa Demetra Foundation, BurgassDemetra Foundation, Burgass

42 IOM SOFIA – MAIN PARTNERS IN THE ASSISTANCE PROCESS Specialized counseling for minors Specialized counseling for minorsIOM/GOs National Agency for Child ProtectionNational Agency for Child Protection Central Committee for Child DelinquencyCentral Committee for Child Delinquency Police Pedagogical UnitsPolice Pedagogical UnitsIOM/NGOs National Agency for Child ProtectionNational Agency for Child Protection Central Committee for Child DelinquencyCentral Committee for Child Delinquency Police Pedagogical UnitsPolice Pedagogical Units Safe Accommodation Safe AccommodationIOM/NGOs Nadya CenterNadya Center Red CrossRed Cross

43 IOM SOFIA – MAIN PARTNERS IN THE ASSISTANCE PROCESS Reintegration Assistance Reintegration AssistanceIOM/GOs MLSPMLSP Labor BureausLabor Bureaus Police (in cases of resettlement)Police (in cases of resettlement) Social Care ServicesSocial Care Services Municipal AuthoritiesMunicipal Authorities Capacity Building for Governments/ NGOs and Media Capacity Building for Governments/ NGOs and Media trainingtraining fora, round tables, regional dialoguefora, round tables, regional dialogue

44 IT IS OUR JOINT RESPONSIBILITY: to make sure that perpetrators are brought to justice to make sure that perpetrators are brought to justice to form effective partnerships against organized crime to form effective partnerships against organized crime to raise awareness for prevention to raise awareness for prevention to provide protection and support to victims to provide protection and support to victims

45 New Law on Combating Illegal Trafficking in Bulgaria (approved by Parliament 7 May, 2003) New Law on Combating Illegal Trafficking in Bulgaria (approved by Parliament 7 May, 2003) Introduced Amendments to the Penal Code Introduced Amendments to the Penal Code 30 Organized Crime groups dismantled; 30 Organized Crime groups dismantled; 56 court cases abroad 56 court cases abroad 30 court cases in Bulgaria 30 court cases in Bulgaria National Task Force Established National Task Force Established PARTNERSHIPS - JOINT ACHIEVEMENTS LAW ENFORCEMENT

46 PARTNERSHIPS - JOINT ACHIEVEMENTS HUMANITARIAN Between 2000 – 2002(May), IOM Sofia assisted a total of 254 women victims of trafficking

47 Four Local Inter-institutional Councils Four Local Inter-institutional Councils Local Plans for Combating Trafficking in progress Local Plans for Combating Trafficking in progress One Central Shelter One Central Shelter Four local Safe houses Four local Safe houses Four Public information consultancy centers Four Public information consultancy centers Solid Inter-institutional partnerships at central and at local level Solid Inter-institutional partnerships at central and at local level PARTNERSHIPS - JOINT ACHIEVEMENTS ESTABLISHED CAPACITIES

48 crucial tools to combat trafficking PARTNERSHIPS  Pragmatic division of labor  Complementarities of efforts  Coordination of activities  Joined forces for a concerted action  Efficient use of resources Improved efficiency in counter-trafficking for the benefit of all next

49 Even Broker Operational Service Provider Catalyst for Problem Solution Humanitarian Partner Reliability Professionalism International Standard Efficiency Managing migration for the benefit of all. next

50 PRESENTED BY: International Organization for Migration (IOM) Thank You


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