Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

India: India: from Mughals to Imperialism to Colonialism Tropical Dependency.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "India: India: from Mughals to Imperialism to Colonialism Tropical Dependency."— Presentation transcript:

1 India: India: from Mughals to Imperialism to Colonialism Tropical Dependency

2 India & Imperialism 1450-1850

3 Mughal Empire (1500s to 1700s) Longest period of Indian unificationLongest period of Indian unification Muslim minority governing Hindu majority (1 million people)Muslim minority governing Hindu majority (1 million people) Generally tolerant of religions = PeaceGenerally tolerant of religions = Peace “Golden Age” of art, architecture, trade“Golden Age” of art, architecture, trade EX = Akbar the Great (1556-1569)EX = Akbar the Great (1556-1569)

4 Mughal Empire (1500s to 1700s) Portuguese exploration (da Gama) led to increased trade interestPortuguese exploration (da Gama) led to increased trade interest Portuguese = Goa Portuguese = Goa Dutch East India Company = Sri Lanka Dutch East India Company = Sri Lanka British East India Company = Calcutta, Bombay, Madras British East India Company = Calcutta, Bombay, Madras

5 Mughal Empire (1500s to 1700s) Emperor Aurangzeb (ruled 1658-1707)Emperor Aurangzeb (ruled 1658-1707) Expanded Mughal territory, but…Expanded Mughal territory, but… Very puritanical reignVery puritanical reign Taxed non-MuslimsTaxed non-Muslims Revoked rights of HindusRevoked rights of Hindus Religious tensions mounted and revolts became commonReligious tensions mounted and revolts became common

6 1700s Aurangzeb & ineffective gov’t virtually ended Mughal ruleAurangzeb & ineffective gov’t virtually ended Mughal rule RegionalismRegionalism British East India Company & French became more influentialBritish East India Company & French became more influential Seven Years WarSeven Years War British East India Company established a monopoly, with particular interest in:British East India Company established a monopoly, with particular interest in: cotton, spices, opium, indigocotton, spices, opium, indigo

7 BEIC But… How were less than 100,000 British able to dominate 325,000,000 unwilling Indians?

8 Sepoys

9 BEIC Company interactions: At first learned Indian culture & intermarriedAt first learned Indian culture & intermarried Kept Indian bankers & merchants benefiting from British tradeKept Indian bankers & merchants benefiting from British trade Heavily influenced policies of Indian princesHeavily influenced policies of Indian princes Pitted Hindus against MuslimsPitted Hindus against Muslims Used SepoysUsed Sepoys British trained Indian soldiers to protect tradeBritish trained Indian soldiers to protect trade

10

11 Transition from Imperialism to Colonization Mid-19 th century

12 Transitional Period Perception of Indian customs shifted from appreciation to condemnation Perception of Indian customs shifted from appreciation to condemnation Began educating Indians:Began educating Indians: English, British Lit, Bible English, British Lit, Bible Further divides Indian society Further divides Indian society British Built railroads, telegraphs, & postal serviceBritish Built railroads, telegraphs, & postal service Further empowers British Further empowers British

13 Revealing confrontation over Sati: A group of brahmans complained to a British official, Charles Napier, that his refusal to allow them to burn the widow of a prominent leader of their community was a violation of their social customs. A group of brahmans complained to a British official, Charles Napier, that his refusal to allow them to burn the widow of a prominent leader of their community was a violation of their social customs. Napier replied, “The burning of widows is your custom. Prepare the funeral pyre. But my nation also has a custom. When men burn women alive, we hang them and confiscate all their property. My carpenters shall therefore erect gibbets on which to hang all concerned when the widow is consumed. Let us all act according to our national customs.” Napier replied, “The burning of widows is your custom. Prepare the funeral pyre. But my nation also has a custom. When men burn women alive, we hang them and confiscate all their property. My carpenters shall therefore erect gibbets on which to hang all concerned when the widow is consumed. Let us all act according to our national customs.”

14 Transitional Period sparking transition… Sepoy Rebellion: (1857-1859) Violence started after rumors of equipping Sepoy’s with guns that are greased with animal fatViolence started after rumors of equipping Sepoy’s with guns that are greased with animal fat Huge casualties - lack of orgHuge casualties - lack of org Victorious British quipped –Victorious British quipped – “India is saved by the telegraph”“India is saved by the telegraph”

15

16 India & Colonialism 1850-1914

17 Colonialism Results of Rebellion: Results of Rebellion: British tighten hold on India –British tighten hold on India – Move to formal colonyMove to formal colony Set-up official colonial government – “Raj”Set-up official colonial government – “Raj” More direct ruleMore direct rule Tax Indian textiles, saltTax Indian textiles, salt Tight British grip leads to organized Indian nationalist movementsTight British grip leads to organized Indian nationalist movements

18

19 Growth of Nationalism Railroads & telegraph connections established by British foster Indian identityRailroads & telegraph connections established by British foster Indian identity Western education spreads ideas of govWestern education spreads ideas of gov 1.Indian National Congress Often urban, British educated, HindusOften urban, British educated, Hindus 2.Muslim League

20

21 Review Create a list of newspaper headlines to describe events in India between 1750 and 1914. Create a list of newspaper headlines to describe events in India between 1750 and 1914.

22

23


Download ppt "India: India: from Mughals to Imperialism to Colonialism Tropical Dependency."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google