Assumptions in Science Natural causality All events are due to natural causes and are potentially within our ability to understand. Uniformity in space and time The laws derived from the study of nature are the same everywhere and have been the same for billions of years. Common perception Everyone generally perceives events similarly.
The Scientific Method Way in which scientists study things in the world. Observation/Problem Question Do Background Research Hypothesis Null Hypothesis Prediction Experiment Collect Data Analyze Results Conclusion sciencebuddies.org
The Experiment Variable A factor that affects an observation/changing quantities Independent Variable – something that is changed by the scientist Dependent Variable – factor that is measured and is dependent on the independent variable Standarized /Controlled Variables – aspects of an experiment that remain the same Control Group Used to rule out other possible variables Do not receive experimental treatment
Scientific Method The results of an experiment must be able to be repeated by other researchers. An experiment must be communicated thoroughly and accurately. Why is this important?
Scientific Theory General explanation of important natural phenomena, based on extensive and reproducible observations. principle or a natural law Ex. Atomic theory (all matter is composed of atoms) Ex. Theory of gravitation (objects exert a law of attraction for one another) Ex. Cell theory(all living things are composed of cells) A theory can be modified or falsified.
The Theory of Spontaneous Generation - Abiogensis Francesco Redi’s Experiment – 17 th century facstaff.gpc.edu
Theory of Evolution Formulated by Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace in the mid-1800s States that modern organisms descended, with modification, from preexisting life-forms Evolution - Change in the genetic makeup of a species Charles Darwin Alfred Russel Wallace