Presentation on theme: "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn THE STORY SO FAR…The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
2 CHAPTER 1 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer Huck and Tom find $6000 each Huck lives with Widow Douglas and Miss Watson because they are going to “civilize” himHypocritical: Widow Douglas disapproves of smoking but she smokes snuffThe adults are too strict; Huck wants to be freeHuck accidently kills a spiderSuperstition: bad luck will occur (foreshadowing)Huck sneaks out from Widow Douglas’s houseOnomatopoeia: me-yow me-yow
3 STUDY QUESTIONS 1Summarize briefly Huck’s review of the end of Tom Sawyer’s story.Who is actually more irritating to Huck than the widow?What omen does Huck receive that the adventures beginning may be bad or dangerous?Why doesn’t Huck care about “Moses and the Bulrushers”?Why does Huck decide he wants to go to the bad place?
4 CHAPTER 2 Tom plays a joke on Jim, Miss Watson’s slave Puts Jim’s hat on a treeSuperstition: Jim blames it on witchesTom creates “Tom Sawyer’s Gang”Tom is bossy, leader, violent (child but acts like an adult)Tom is imaginative, dreamer vs Huck is realisticHuck offers Miss Watson as family (sacrifice) if he tells the gang’s secretsHuck does not like Miss Watson much
5 STUDY QUESTIONS 2Who does Huck offer as his “family” that may be killed if he should reveal the secret of the gang?What does it mean to “ransom” captives?How does Jim account for his hat being hung on a tree limb and the nickel being left on the table?
6 CHAPTER 3Miss Watson is strict with Huck but Widow Douglas is more caringHuck prefers Widow Douglas’s ProvidenceHuck wants to go to hell to be away from Miss Watson and to be with TomHuck does not understand prayer/ religionReligion does not help him to live everyday life (not realistic)Superstition: Huck walks under a ladderTownspeople believe that Pap drowned but Huck does not believe itHuck has good instinctThe Tom Sawyer Gang resign because nothing happens
7 STUDY QUESTIONS 3 Whose idea of Providence does Huck prefer? What has become of Huck’s father?What happens to the gang of robbers?
8 CHAPTER 4 Huck finds a footprint Foreshadowing: looks like Pap’s boot tracksHuck is intelligent: “sells” his money to Judge ThatcherJim tells Huck a fortune with a hairballSuperstitionSymbolism: black angel and white angelHuck comes home and finds Pap in his room
9 STUDY QUESTIONS 4Why does Huck want Judge Thatcher to take all his money?What is a hairball and what properties does it have?What does Jim say that the hairball tells him?What does Huck find when he returns to his room?
10 CHAPTER 5 Pap is dirty, hairy, and pale white A drunkard (alcoholic)Needs money to buy more drinksHuck dislikes PapThe new judge wants Huck to live with PapThe law cannot/does not protect the weak and innocentThe new judge tries to reform/change PapPap pretends he is changed (superficial, fake)Takes advantage of a good-doer for money
11 STUDY QUESTIONS 5 What has Huck’s father come for? What is Pap’s “new life,” and how long does it last?What kind of man is Huck’s father? What would he be called today? How does Huck react to him?
12 CHAPTER 6 Pap wants Huck to quit school Does not want his son to be better than himConnection to raceKidnaps Huck and takes him upriverPap’s beatings are too much and Huck decides to escapePap gets extremely drunk and blames the government (gov’t) for his problemsRacism: Angry at the positive treatment of African AmericansForeshadowing: calls Huck the “Angel of Death”
13 CHAPTER 7 Huck finds a drifting canoe Huck escapes Huck is resourcefulHuck escapesTakes food and supplies and puts them in the canoeFakes his own death by killing a wild pig and using its blood -> does not want people to look for himShow’s Huck’s intelligenceGoes to Jackson’s Island
14 CHAPTER 8 Huck realizes that people are looking for his dead body Superstition: fill a loaf of bread with quicksilver (poison) to find a drowned bodyHypocrisy of the townspeopleHuck finds JimJim ran away because Miss Watson is planning sell him for $800Racism/ SlaveryTownspeople are religious but uses superstition to find the corpseNotice Miss Watson, the mean character whom Huck dislikes, owns the slave and treats him like an animal (trade for money)
15 CHAPTER 9 There is a large storm Jim’s prediction in chapter 8 comes trueReligion vs. SuperstitionHuck and Jim find a house floating and a dead body insideJim won’t let Huck see the bodyJim as an adult figureCompare to Pap, Widow Douglas and Miss Watson, Townspeople
16 STUDY QUESTIONS 5-9 Why does Pap yell at Huck for becoming civilized? What was Huck’s plan to escape from his father?What purpose does Huck’s death serve?Why is Jim on Jackson’s island?
17 CHAPTER 10 Jim tells Huck that it is bad luck to touch a snake SuperstitionHuck plays a prank on JimJim gets bitten by a snake and is sick for daysHuck feels bad, grows compassion towards JimHuck realizes the danger of defying superstition and Jim’s knowledgeHuck disguises as a girl to hear of the town newsHuck is realistic, cares about everyday lifeSuperstition teaches him a lesson (poison, treatment of people)
18 CHAPTER 11Huck introduces himself as “Sarah Williams from Hookerville”Hears news about his “death”Jim is suspected of murdering Huck $300 rewardPap is suspected of murdering Huck $200 rewardMen are going to hunt Jim to get the moneyHuck and Jim leave Jackson Island
19 CHAPTER 12 Huck and Jim continue down the river Peaceful and easygoingSymbolism: weather and natureThe two find a steamboat caught on a rock from a storm and decide to exploreTwo men on the ship have tied down another man and are threatening himCompare to Tom’s pretend gang of robbersWhen Huck tries to prevent the men from escaping, Jim finds that the raft has floated awayHuck and Jim are scared but still trying to do good
20 CHAPTER 13 Huck and Jim find the raft again Begins to storm Steals provisions from the gangBegins to storm“I begun to worry about the men… I begun to think how dreadful it was, even for murderers, to be in such a fix” (p72).Huck creates an elaborate story to tell the watchman about the steamboatSteamboat is named the Walter ScottFerryman hurries to the rescue for a “reward”Infer the murderers drown in the storm
21 CHAPTER 14 Huck and Jim share knowledge Friendship, partnership “Well, he was right; he was most always right; he had an uncommon level head, for a nigger” (p76).“I read considerable to Jim about kings, and dukes, and earls and such” (p76).
22 Huck and Jim decide that they do not take stock in King Sollermun’s (Solomon) wisdom King Solomon is supposed to be the wisest man alive (bible)They (kings) just sit around, whack heads off, keeps harems“A harem’s a bo’d’n-house, I reck’n” (p77).
23 STUDY QUESTIONS 10-14What is in the two story house that floats by Jackson’s Island?Why does Huck dress as a girl to go ashore? What does he find out?What is the name of the ship in which Huck and Jim find murderers?What do we learn about Jim from his talking about “King Sollermun”?
24 CHAPTER 15Huck and Jim are going towards Cairo, Illinois where they can go up the Ohio River to the free statesBad weather: fog separates Huck and JimWhen they find each other, Jim is extremely happy to see Huck again but Huck plays a prank on JimHuck pretends that their separation was a dream and confuses Jim
25 When Huck tells the truth, Jim says that cruel tricks are like “trash” and it should make friends ashamed“It was fifteen minutes before I could work myself up to go and humble myself to a nigger – but I done it, and I warn’t ever sorry for it afterwards, neither” (87).
26 CHAPTER 16“Jim said it made him all over trembly and feverish to be so close to freedom” (88).“Well, I can tell you it made me all over trembly and feverish, too, to hear him, because I begun to get it through my head that he was most free – and who was to blame for it? Why, me” (88).Huck’s internal conflict: struggles with his shame of helping a slave escape
27 Huck lies to slave hunters so that Jim would not be found Huck decides to turn Jim in but changes his mind when Jim calls him his “bes’ fren’” (90)Huck lies to slave hunters so that Jim would not be foundWhat do the slave hunters and the townspeople have in common?Is Huck a moral or an immoral person?Huck and Jim discover that they passed Cairo in the fogA steamboat wrecks the raft and the two are separated again
28 CHAPTER 17Huck arrives at an impressive house owned by the Grangerford familyGrangerfords are hospitable to Huck once they check that he is not a member of the Shepherdson familyThe Grangerfords have a son named BuckSimilar age, close friendsWants to kill a Shepherdson
29 CHAPTER 18 Colonel Grangerford: gentleman, aristocrat, kind What does he represent?Easy person in the Grangerford family has his/her own slaveGrangerfords and Shepherdsons are feudingKilling one anotherNo one remembers the reasonThe Grangerfords and Shepherdsons go to church and learn about brotherly loveEveryone is carrying a gun
30 Huck finds Jim hiding behind some trees with their raft Miss Sophia Grangerford and young Harney Shepherdson run away togetherThe two families shoot at one anotherPeople die including BuckHuck and Jim run away“It made me so sick” (116)“there warn’t no home like a raft” (117)Twain shows the foolishness of humans
31 STUDY QUESTIONS 15-18 What trick does Huck play on Jim? Why doesn’t Huck turn Jim in?Describe the difference between Huck and the slave hunters.Why did Twain include this adventure with the Grangerfords?
32 CHAPTER 19Huck helps two men who are chased by men on horses with dogsWhat does this show you about Huck?Huck and Jim could have been in the same situation if the townspeople found them on Jackson Island or if the slave hunters found Jim (chapter 16)The older man (70years old) was selling fake toothpaste and the younger man (30years old) was collecting money to support prohibition although he was drinking secretly.The men trick the townspeople for moneyThe townspeople are foolish and gullible for falling for their tricks
33 The two con men decide to work together The younger man says that he is the Duke of BridgewaterDuke: high class, just below the kingThe older man then says that he is the Dauphin, the King of FranceHuck knows that the men are liars but do not say anythingWhy?
34 CHAPTER 20 The duke and the king ask if Jim is a runaway slave Huck pretends that Jim is his slaveWhy does he lie?The duke and king take Jim and Huck’s bedsHow do the duke and king treat people?Huck and Jim have to be lookouts but Jim takes over when Huck is too sleepyJim takes care of Huck and protects himFriendship, parent figure
35 In Pokeville, Huck and the king go to a religious meeting where the people are praying and singing so hard that they were “just wild and crazy”As Huck and Jim go further south, the people they meet are more wild, savage, intense, prejudicedThey cannot see the truth because of their stubborn beliefs and prejudice
36 SITUATIONAL IRONYThe duke has an idea on how to travel without interruptions: he makes a sign with a picture of a runaway slave and “$200 reward,” then ties Jim with ropes so they can pretend that they caught him for the reward moneySituational irony: What is expected to happen and what actually happens do not matchJim is actually a real runaway slaveJim has to pretend to be caught to be freeThere is actually a reward for Jim
37 CHAPTER 21The duke and the king practice their Shakespearean play “Shakspearean Revival”Mark Twain also alludes to Romeo and Juliet during the Grangerford vs Sheperdson feudThe duke and the king do not know Shakespeare wellWhat kind of people watch/read Shakespeare?The town they are in is run down, neglected, and caving inShakespeare represents Romanticism while the run down town represents reality
38 Colonel Sherburn shoots a drunk man named Boggs in front of Boggs’s daughter Boggs: ordinary man, rude, without manners, ignorantCol. Sherburn: high class, civilized gentleman, unfair power, law, without sympathyTownspeople: watch Boggs’ death, superficial, without morals, cowardice
39 CHAPTER 22Somebody argues that Sherburn should be lynched and everyone agreesMob mentality: people act differently in a group because they do not want to go against the crowdThe townspeople become violentSherburn says that the people are cowards because they would not be brave without the mobHuck goes to see a circusPeople enjoy seeing a drunk man trying to hold on to a bucking horse -> cruel, selfish, violentHuck is scared to see the danger
40 CHAPTER 23The king and the duke put on a play called “The Royal Nonesuch”Women and children are not allowed to watchThe audience is angry but they don’t want to admit that they have been tricked so they do not reveal the scam“What we want is to go out of here quiet, and talk this show up, and sell the rest of the town! Then we’ll be in the same boat.”Performance goes on for three days
41 Jim thinks about his wife and children Jim asks Huck why Huck is not surprised at the duke and the king’s behaviorHuck: “It’s the way they’re raised.”Jim thinks about his wife and childrenHuck: “I do believe he cared just as much for his people as white folks does for their’n”Jim is thinking about the time when he hit his daughter, Elizabeth, for not obeying -> he is very upset because he did not realize she was deaf and mute
42 CHAPTER 24The duke disguises Jim again by painting his face blue and making a sign that says“Sick Arab – but harmless when not out of his head”The group meets a young man by the riverThe king pretends to be Reverend Elexander BlodgettThe man thinks the king looks like Mr. Wilks, the brother of a rich manThe king and the duke decide to pretend to be the brothers so they can steal the inheritance (money)
43 Dead brother: Peter Wilks Brothers: Harvey and William (deaf and dumb) Lives in EnglandNieces: Mary Jane, Susan, Joanna (hare-lip)The king and duke pretends to cry for the dead brotherHuck describes them “It was enough to make a body ashamed of the human race”
44 CHAPTER 25The king and the duke gives all their money to the girls to gain their trustDr. Robinson is the only one who realizes that the king and the duke are fakes but no one believes himThe king uses a bad English accent and uses the wrong word during the funeralThe girls give the king and duke all their money to prove that they trust the king and the duke
45 STUDY QUESTIONS 19-25 How did Jim and Huck meet the king and the duke? Does Huck believe their stories about their births?Why did people return to see the “Royal Nonesuch” show?Where did the king and the duke get their plan about being the Wilks brothers?
46 CHAPTER 26 Hare-lip asks Huck questions about England Huck makes up lies but he does not feel bad because he lies only when he needs to and for the right reasonsShe tells Huck to swear on a dictionaryHuck feels bad that the king and the duke are stealing the girls’ money so he decides to return itHuck steals the money (under the mattress) from the king and the duke’s hiding place before anyone finds out
47 CHAPTER 27When Huck is trying to hide the money, he hears a sound, panics, and puts the money in the coffinThe coffin is buried, Huck is not sure if the money is still in the coffinThe king and duke promise to take the girls with them to England so that they can sell the house and the slavesWhen the king and the duke cannot find the money, Huck lies and says that the slaves stole it
48 CHAPTER 28Mary Jane feels bad about the slaves so Huck confesses to her that the king and the duke were fakesHuck tells Mary Jane to go to Mr. Lothrop’s because she is not good at pretendingHuck write a letter to MJ to tell her where the money isThe real Wilks brothers arrive
49 CHAPTER 29, 30The real Wilks brother asks the king to tell the townspeople what is tattooed on Peter’s chestThe king says that the tattoo is a small, thin, blue arrowThe real brother says that it is P-B-WThe people dig up the coffin and finds the moneyHuck tries to run away but the king and the duke catches him
50 CHAPTER 31While the king and the duke are fighting, Huck tries to run away from them, but he cannot find JimHuck finds out that the king sold Jim to a man named Silas Phelps for $40Self vs. Self Conflict: Huck thinks about whether he should write a letter to Miss Watson about where Jim isIf Jim is a slave anyway, then he is better being a slave near his familyBut Miss Watson might be mean to him for running away
51 Huck write the letter but thinks about his friendship with Jim “All right, then. I’ll go to hell”Huck rips up the letter and decides to help Jim escapeHe does not regret his decision
52 STUDY QUESTIONS 26-31 Why does Huck steal the money from the mattress? What doesn’t Huck’s conscience bother him when he lies so much?What things give away the king and the duke?Why is it important that Huck says, “All right, then, I’ll go to hell.”?