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Laurie Fortin Department of Environmental Protection Wildlife Division

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Presentation on theme: "Laurie Fortin Department of Environmental Protection Wildlife Division"— Presentation transcript:

1 Laurie Fortin Department of Environmental Protection Wildlife Division

2 Wildlife Encounters Potentially Dangerous AnimalsPotentially Dangerous Animals Animal DiseasesAnimal Diseases Nuisance AnimalsNuisance Animals Sick, injured & orphaned animalsSick, injured & orphaned animals

3 Lions, & Tigers and Bears – Oh MY!

4 Eastern Coyote Black Bear Fox Timber Rattlesnake Bobcat Dangerous Animals Black Widow

5 Large Predators Mountain Lion Timber Wolf

6 Large Predators Eastern Coyote Bobcat NOT TYPICALLY AGGRESSIVE OR FRIENDLYNOT TYPICALLY AGGRESSIVE OR FRIENDLY WILL RARELY APPROACH YOU DIRECTLYWILL RARELY APPROACH YOU DIRECTLY IF APPROACHED, MAINTAIN GROUND AND BE AGGRESSIVEIF APPROACHED, MAINTAIN GROUND AND BE AGGRESSIVE IF IT CONTINUES TO APPROACH OR ATTEMPTS TO BITE YOU – Probably RABIDIF IT CONTINUES TO APPROACH OR ATTEMPTS TO BITE YOU – Probably RABID Fox

7 Large Predators Black Bear Don’t Run awayDon’t Run away Back away slowly while watchingBack away slowly while watching Don’t Climb a treeDon’t Climb a tree Don’t separate a mother and her cubsDon’t separate a mother and her cubs

8 Large Predators

9 Snakes Only two poisonous snakes in ConnecticutOnly two poisonous snakes in Connecticut  Timber Rattlesnake  Northern Copperhead

10 Snakes Poisonous snakes can be identified by:Poisonous snakes can be identified by: Head shapeHead shape Pupil size/shapePupil size/shape Patterned bodyPatterned body TailTail

11 Snakes Poisonous snakes can be identified by:Poisonous snakes can be identified by: Head shape Timber Rattlesnake

12 Snakes Poisonous snakes can be identified by:Poisonous snakes can be identified by: Pupil shape Copperhead Large pits between eye and mouthPOISONOUS!!

13 Snakes Poisonous snakes can be identified by: PatternsPoisonous snakes can be identified by: Patterns Northern Copperhead Timber Rattlesnake

14 Snakes Poisonous snakes can be identified by: PatternsPoisonous snakes can be identified by: Patterns Horizontal Bands Color: brownish or grayish Northern Copperhead Timber Rattlesnake

15 Snakes Poisonous snakes can be identified by: TailPoisonous snakes can be identified by: Tail Timber Rattlesnake Northern Copperhead

16 Snakes Eastern Hognose Snake

17 Snakes Y Y Eastern Milk Snake

18 Snakes Northern Water Snake

19 Range Map for Timber Rattlesnakes Sharon Kent (Housatonic SF) Glastonbury Portland (Meshomasic SF)

20 Range Map for Northern Copperheads They Like: Rocky Hillsides Open Woods Edges of Swamps and Meadows Southbury (Kettletown SP)

21 Poisonous snakes will only bite if they are provoked (i.e. handled, stepped on, harassed)Poisonous snakes will only bite if they are provoked (i.e. handled, stepped on, harassed) 7,000 people bitten per year, of those only about 15 are fatal.7,000 people bitten per year, of those only about 15 are fatal. Death typically results due to allergic reaction, poor health to begin with or too much time passes before treatment.Death typically results due to allergic reaction, poor health to begin with or too much time passes before treatment. Snakes

22 DO NOT CUT WOUNDCUT WOUND APPLY TOURNIQUETAPPLY TOURNIQUET SUCK OUT VENOMSUCK OUT VENOM Snake Bites DO: WASH WOUNDWASH WOUND KEEP BITTEN AREA LOWER THAN HEARTKEEP BITTEN AREA LOWER THAN HEART WALK SLOWLY AND CALL 911WALK SLOWLY AND CALL 911

23 Snake Bites SNAKE BITE EXTRACTOR KIT

24 Black Widow Spider Red hourglass shape on abdomen Brown Recluse Spider Poisonous Spiders Violinpattern

25 Black Widow Spiders What do I do if bitten?What do I do if bitten? Rarely bite unless touchedRarely bite unless touched –Apply ice –Collect spider –Seek treatment What do I do if bitten?What do I do if bitten? Rarely bite unless touchedRarely bite unless touched –Apply ice –Collect spider –Seek treatment Where are they found?Where are they found? –Wood piles –Outhouses –Meter boxes –Dark undisturbed areas Where are they found?Where are they found? –Wood piles –Outhouses –Meter boxes –Dark undisturbed areas What are signs that I was bitten? –Minor or sever pain at bite Symptoms that may last 1-2 days could include: –Severe cramping or rigidity in the abdominal muscles –Nausea, Fever –Profuse perspiration –Labored breathing

26 Brown Recluse Spider Bites pain & itching at bite Symptoms occur within 2-8 hours – usually involve severe pain & itching at bite wound and/or nausea, vomiting & fever Blistering typical Blistering typical Necrosis (tissue death) also possible Necrosis (tissue death) also possible

27 Brown Recluse Spider Bites DO NOT: Suck out venomSuck out venom Apply heatApply heat Use steroid creamsUse steroid creams DO NOT: Suck out venomSuck out venom Apply heatApply heat Use steroid creamsUse steroid creams What do I do if bitten?What do I do if bitten? Apply iceApply ice Elevate areaElevate area Wash WoundWash Wound Use Advil or AleveUse Advil or Aleve Collect spiderCollect spider Seek treatmentSeek treatment What do I do if bitten?What do I do if bitten? Apply iceApply ice Elevate areaElevate area Wash WoundWash Wound Use Advil or AleveUse Advil or Aleve Collect spiderCollect spider Seek treatmentSeek treatment

28 Fisher (cat) Woodchuck or Groundhog

29 Disease Concerns Rabies is most commonly carried by raccoons, skunks, foxes and batsRabies is most commonly carried by raccoons, skunks, foxes and bats Can be carried by any mammalCan be carried by any mammal Any animal exhibiting unusual behavior such asAny animal exhibiting unusual behavior such as –stumbling or staggering, walking in circles – loss of use of a hind limb or dragging of the hind end –aggressively attacking objects –approaching or attacking other animals or people –adult bat found on the ground may be sick Contact the local ACO, P.D. or Conservation Officer immediatelyContact the local ACO, P.D. or Conservation Officer immediately

30 Positive Rabies Cases Raccoons Skunks Domestic Cats Fox Woodchuck total

31 How is Rabies Transmitted? Bite or scratch from an infected animalBite or scratch from an infected animal Contact with potentially infectious material - saliva, CNS tissue (Open wound or mucous membrane)Contact with potentially infectious material - saliva, CNS tissue (Open wound or mucous membrane)

32

33 IF YOU ARE EXPOSED Don’t panicDon’t panic Wash wound with soap & waterWash wound with soap & water Contact physicianContact physician Report incident to health officialsReport incident to health officials Post Exposure TreatmentPost Exposure Treatment –HRIG ( Human Rabies Immune Globulin) Half in wound.Half in wound. Half IM in gluteal area.Half IM in gluteal area. –HDV (Human Diploid Cell Vaccine) 5 doses IM in Deltoid5 doses IM in Deltoid Days 0,3,7,14,28Days 0,3,7,14,28

34 Other Disease Concerns Raccoon RoundwormRaccoon Roundworm HistoplasmosisHistoplasmosis HantavirusHantavirus SalmonellaSalmonella

35 Disease Concerns Raccoon Feces – infected with Roundworm eggs clean surface with bleach solution, dispose of object or blowtorch! Bat Guano Great Fertilizer Also good environment for Histoplasmosis to thrive Histoplasmosis is a fungus that can become aerosolized in tight quarters Spray guano with 10% bleach solution and bag up to remove

36 Disease Concerns Hantavirus & Salmonella

37 Nuisance Animals

38 Illegal to Relocate Raccoons, Skunks & Foxes Illegal to Relocate Raccoons, Skunks & Foxes Attempt to exclude animals Can kill certain species but must adhere to humane handling and euthanasia techniques Contact DEP Wildlife DivisionContact DEP Wildlife Division for advice, names of Nuisance Wildlife Control Officers or information about permits

39 Am I an Orphan?

40 ~230 rehabilitators Distributed to vets, nature centers, P.D., ACO, Infoline ~230 rehabilitators Distributed to vets, nature centers, P.D., ACO, Infoline Symbols represent the type of animals they are authorized to take

41 Questions? Wildlife Division DEP Dispatch Dept. of Public Health Wildlife Division DEP Dispatch Dept. of Public Health


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