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 可以在一次閉氣的時間內掃描完所要切的範圍  對於無法配合閉氣的病患降低移動假影的產生  可以提供不同角度重組所需之切面影像  可以取得 3D 之影像協助診斷.

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Presentation on theme: " 可以在一次閉氣的時間內掃描完所要切的範圍  對於無法配合閉氣的病患降低移動假影的產生  可以提供不同角度重組所需之切面影像  可以取得 3D 之影像協助診斷."— Presentation transcript:

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3  可以在一次閉氣的時間內掃描完所要切的範圍  對於無法配合閉氣的病患降低移動假影的產生  可以提供不同角度重組所需之切面影像  可以取得 3D 之影像協助診斷

4 胸部電腦斷層掃攝影幫助判斷胸部 X 光 片上所見到的不正常影像,代表良性腫瘤或 惡性腫瘤外,往往還可以查覺到 X 光片上無法 顯現的病灶,尤其是縱膈腔淋巴結的評估, 是肺癌分期時的重要檢查。

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10  評估胸部 X 光片上所見到的不正常病灶  診斷 X 光片上無法顯現的病灶,尤其是縱膈 腔腫瘤的評估  肺癌分期  肺部轉移病灶  胸腔外傷評估  咳血 (hemoptysis)  肺栓塞 (Pulmonary embolism)  主動脈疾病 (aortic dissection, aneurysm)

11  如需施打顯影劑,檢查前必須禁食四小時  確定病患腎功能指數是否正常  含碘顯影劑禁忌症 : 有顯影劑過敏病史、氣喘病、過敏體質、 嚴重之肝、腎、心血管疾病、多發性骨髓瘤、 凝血機能障礙及甲狀腺機能異常等。

12  The use of contrast media which injected intravenously is important for visualization of structures within the mediastinum.  Department protocols/radiologist preferences determine the specific type, volume and site of injection. ( Average dose 80 ml)  For children 1.5 ml per kilogram body weight.

13 1. To detect lesions 2. To distinguish vessels from lesions 3. To demonstrate displacement of vessels by masses 4. To demonstrate the enhancement of pathologies

14  切面厚度 Slice thickness  切面間距 Slice spacing  視野 Field of view  重組函數 Reconstruction algorithm  影像呈現設定 Imaging display settings

15  Single attenuation value of voxel represents average of all attenuation of all various structures within it  Thicker the slice greater the averaging called partial volume effect  Partial volume effect reduced by thinner section  Determined by size of structure being assessed and number of scans required to evaluate the patient

16  Reconstruction algorithm Lung parenchyma :high spatial algorithm  High spatial algorithm reduces smoothing  Better depiction of normal and abnormal parenchymal interface  Mediastinum and chest wall standard soft tissue algorithm

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18  Slice spacing Adequate assessment of patient 10 mm interval  1 to 2 mm slice with 10 mm interval allows only 10 to 20% of lung  Improved spatial resolution allows better assessment of normal and abnormal findings  Pulmonary metastasis requires 5 to 7mm thick sections  Trachea and central bronchi 3 to 5mm thick sections  Pulmonary parenchyma and peripheral bronchi requires 1 to 2 mm sections

19  Image display settings Two parameters: window width and window level  Average density of each voxel : Hounsfield unit  These units are arbitrary so 0 is for water, for air  Range of Hounsfield in thorax is wider ranging from -850HU for aerated lung to 700HU for ribs  Display of images determined by window level and window width

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21  對於瀰散性肺部疾病,利用高解析電腦斷層 (HRCT) 用 1 或 1.5mm 厚度掃描,評估肺間 質或氣管。  對於後側動脈依賴部份的肺野病變可加做 prone 的 HRCT 。  對於小呼吸道疾病可加做吐氣之 HRCT 。

22  Solitary pulmonary nodule  Evaluation of diffusely CXR -Cystic fibrosis, Sarcoidosis, Interstitial lung disease, Histocytosis X, ARDS

23  A narrow slice width is used (usually 1–2 mm)  A high spatial resolution image reconstruction algorithm is used  Field of view is minimized, so as to minimize the size of each pixel  Prone scanning

24 same Reconstruction in High resolution algorithm same scan data 5 mm 1 mm

25 high resolution (sharp) standard resolution (smooth) SL 1 mm same position

26 A Scan FOV 40cm B Target FOV 25 cm

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28  Indications :General screening of Pathology  Patient Position :Supine arms elevated above head  Topogram: from chin to below liver  Breathing Breath hold in inspiration ( single breath hold)  Contrast I.V : 80 ml

29 C-: 5mm/5mm (Soft tissue widow ) from lung apices to liver C+: 5mm/5mm(Soft tissue widow ) from chin to kidney

30 Lung window 5mm/5mm (lung apices to below diaphragm) Cor. 5mm/5mm

31  Patient Position :Supine arms elevated above head  Topogram :From lung apices to liver  Breathing :Breath hold in inspiration ( single breath hold)  Contrast I.V : 80 ml

32 C-: Inspiration: 1mm/5mm (lung window ) from lung apices to diaphragm Expiration: 1mm/5mm (lung window) from lung apices to diaphragm 5mm/5mm (soft window) From lung apices to liver

33 C+: 5mm/5mm (Soft tissue widow) from chin to kidney Cor. 5mm/5mm Lung window 5mm/5mm

34  Patient Position :Supine arms elevated above head  Topogram :From chin to aortic bifurcation  Breathing :Breath hold in inspiration ( single breath hold)  Contrast I.V : 80 ml (2.5mm/s)

35 C-: 5mm/5mm (Soft tissue widow ) from lung apices to IC Bolus tracking ROI setting at aortic arch C+: 5mm/5mm(Soft tissue widow ) from chin to IC

36 Sag.3mm/3mm Cor..3mm/3mm Lung window 5mm/5mm

37 CTA-VRT

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