Law of Independent Assortment Law: The segregation of each allele pair is independent of other allele pairs. The individual allele pairs need to be located on separate loci, far from each other to allow independent assortment during gamete formation.
Figure 14.3 Alleles, alternative versions of a gene
Figure 14.7 Testing two hypotheses for segregation in a dihybrid cross
Figure 14.8 Segregation of alleles and fertilization as chance events
Figure 14.16 Large families provide excellent case studies of human genetics
Early Detection of Human Genetic Disorders Amniocentesis Chorianic Villus Sampling (CVS) Ultrasound Fetoscopy Screening of embryos
Figure 14.17 Testing a fetus for genetic disorders
Summary Basic genetic terms. Genotype, phenotype, gene, allele, dominant, recessive, homozygous and heterozygous etc. Mendel's laws of inheritance. Law of segregation and law of independent assortment. Complexities of genetic expression. Incomplete dominance, codominance, epistasis, pleiotropy etc. Mendelian genetics in Humans Dominant and recessive disorders and early detection techniques