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PC Based Reservoir Analysis System Allows Quick Decision on E&P Well Plans for Black Widow Prospect J.L. Buchwalter Gemini Solutions, Inc. T.M. Campbell.

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Presentation on theme: "PC Based Reservoir Analysis System Allows Quick Decision on E&P Well Plans for Black Widow Prospect J.L. Buchwalter Gemini Solutions, Inc. T.M. Campbell."— Presentation transcript:

1 PC Based Reservoir Analysis System Allows Quick Decision on E&P Well Plans for Black Widow Prospect J.L. Buchwalter Gemini Solutions, Inc. T.M. Campbell Mariner Energy, Inc.

2 AKNOWLEDGEMENT PGS/Diamond Geophysical Service Corporation

3 OUTLINE INTRODUCTION CASE STUDY - Exploration Well Sidetrack DRILLING RESULTS PRODUCTION CONCLUSIONS

4 When Can Reservoir Simulation Be Applied to Maximize Value ? Prevailing Idea in Petroleum Industry Once you understand the reservoir in detail GIGO Calculate accurate reserves and production profiles Problem: Often too late to optimize drilling and development decisions The Hidden Truth Study before you understand the reservoir in detail Impact exploration drilling and development maximize the economics

5 Key Facts Central GOM –EW 966 –Water Depth of 1853 ft Participants –Mariner Energy 69% (Operator) –Devon Energy 31% Ultimate Reserves –11 MMBOE History –Discovered Apr 1998 –Sanctioned Jan 2000 –Production Oct 2000 –Peak Rate Oct ,000 Bpd 9 MMcfpd

6 FIELD SUMMARY Small oil discovery in 1998 Ewing Bank area of the OCS Central Gulf region. Located approximately 3 miles east of Morpeth. Developed via a single well subsea tie-back to the Morpeth TLP in EW 921. First oil occurred in October 2000.

7 LOCATION MAPS

8 Index Map

9 Field Map

10 OUTLINE INTRODUCTION CASE STUDY - Exploration Well Sidetrack DRILLING RESULTS PRODUCTION CONCLUSIONS

11 High Cost Of Simulation (in the past) Unix workstations and the Unix-based software Unix system support personnel required Need for experts in geological and flow modeling

12 Offshore Exploration Well Net Pay Lower Than Expected Other Uncertain Variables Sidetrack or Abandon ?

13 WELL DATA Well NameTDMDTVDResults EW 966 #1Apr ’9812,15012,147Marginal Oil Pay

14 Time Constraints Floating Rig - US $125,000 / day Time 4:00 p.m. Answer Needed by 12:00 noon the Next Day

15 Work Flow Received Data at 6:30 p.m. Engineer 1 - Reviewed data Engineer 2 - Built single well model - Determined sensitivity to rock and fluid properties Engineer 3 - Digitized and grided maps - Calculated volumetrics - Exported grids to simulator

16 RESERVOIR DESCRIPTION OF BASAL NEBRASKAN SAND Early Pleistocene age Lower Slope environment Ponded submarine fan complex sands Oil hydrocarbons Defined by direct hydrocarbon indicators (amplitude anomaly) using 1996 Diamond Geophysical 3-D seismic volume. Accumulation trapped by fault, structural closure and minor stratigraphy. Excellent porosity, perm and low clay content.

17 Black Widow Amplitude Map

18 BASAL NEBRASKAN SAND STRUCTURE

19 Digitized Structure Map

20 Gridded Top-of-Structure Map

21 Water Saturation Contour Map at Initial Conditions

22 Water Saturation Cross-section at Initial Conditions

23 Model Building A full-field flow model, including wells, faults and an aquifer was developed in four (4) hours.

24 Flow Rate and Cumulative Production

25 Water Saturation Contour Map After 4 Years

26 Water Saturation Cross-section After 4 Years

27 Study Results 4 case ran between 6 and 10 PM 7 additional what ifs ran next morning, varied: geology rock properties All sidetrack drilling cases were economic

28 OUTLINE INTRODUCTION CASE STUDY - Exploration Well Sidetrack DRILLING RESULTS PRODUCTION CONCLUSIONS

29 WELL DATA Well NameTDMDTVDResults EW 966 #1Apr ’9812,15012,147Marginal Oil Pay EW 966 #1 ST1May ’98 11,95011,880Oil Pay. Basal Nebraskan Sand Productive. Completed. Producing.

30 ORIGINAL HOLE AND SIDETRACK

31 EW 966 #1 ST1 Log Section Basal Nebraskan Sand Penetration

32 EW 966 #1 ST1 Processed Log Basal Nebraskan Sand

33 Black Widow N-S Seismic Line NS OH ST1

34 DISCOVERY WELL SUMMARY BASAL NEBRASKAN SAND MEI EW 966 #1 ST1 drilled May ‘98 –Encountered 56 NFP –32 percent porosity –13 percent water saturation –LKO - 11,495 ft TVDSS –Assumed OWC – 12,000 ft (HCI)

35 OUTLINE INTRODUCTION CASE STUDY - Exploration Well Sidetrack DRILLING RESULTS PRODUCTION CONCLUSIONS

36 PRODUCTION STATISTICS First Production Oct 28, Initial BHP 8774 psi – SITP 5591 psi Peak Rate 10,500 Bpd, 8.8 MMcfpd –Oct 27, 2001 Through Jun 16, 2002 –Producing 5440 Bopd, 4.6 MMcfpd –Cum 4398 MBo, 3.64 Bcf. –SIBHP 6420 psi - SITP 3067 psi

37 OUTLINE INTRODUCTION CASE STUDY - Exploration Well Sidetrack DRILLING RESULTS PRODUCTION CONCLUSIONS

38 A PC-based characterization and simulation system exists that allows for modeling of exploration wells while the rig is on-site.

39 CONCLUSIONS PC-based characterization and simulation in conjunction with the appropriate user interface allows geoscientists and engineers to model reservoirs on a routine real-time basis.

40 CONCLUSIONS Simulation should be an everyday tool that is used in applications as diverse as exploration well evaluations and full field studies.

41 CONCLUSIONS The cost of PC-based simulation is low due to the lower costs of hardware, software and support. Manpower costs are significantly lowered due to a powerful interface that reduces both the time to complete a study and the need for expensive simulation experts.


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