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Legacy of Robert I… - peace and marriage alliance with Edward III - Bruce heirs recognised by parliament - widespread community support? - counter-balance.

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Presentation on theme: "Legacy of Robert I… - peace and marriage alliance with Edward III - Bruce heirs recognised by parliament - widespread community support? - counter-balance."— Presentation transcript:

1 Legacy of Robert I… - peace and marriage alliance with Edward III - Bruce heirs recognised by parliament - widespread community support? - counter-balance of 1326 French alliance Yet... - peace with illegal, unpopular English regime - ‘Shameful Peace’ - issue of Disinherited restoration fudged - Edward Balliol - loss of forceful leadership of Bruce (1329) and Douglas (1330) - over-mighty subjects created - Douglas, Randolph, Stewart, etc.? - succession of a child in David Bruce - rumblings of dissent cf. 1286?

2 Tomb of Sir James Douglas, St Bride’s church, Douglas, Lanarkshire, killed in Spain 25 March 1330 on way to crusades with Bruce heart.

3 Legacy of Robert I… - peace and marriage alliance with Edward III - Bruce heirs recognised by parliament - widespread community support - counter-balance of 1326 French alliance Yet... - peace with illegal, unpopular English regime - ‘Shameful Peace’ - issue of Disinherited restoration fudged - Edward Balliol - loss of forceful leadership of Bruce (1329) and Douglas (1330) - over-mighty subjects created Douglas, Randolph, Stewart etc.? - succession of a child in David Bruce - rumblings of dissent cf. 1286?

4 Guardianship of Randolph, Continuity of Bruce government personnel - Strong line on justice/law and order? - dealing with overmighty subjects? - e.g. v. earl of Ross - refusal to restore Disinherited English lords to Scottish lands. - leader in war? Until poisoned (?) at Musselburgh 12 July 1332?

5 Coronation of David II, Scone 24 November why such a delay? - waited for details of ceremony? Or doubts among Scots about a child on the throne as 1286?

6 Return of Edward Balliol - in England October sounded out by Scots 1330…? - invades Fife with 2-3,000 men August Victory at Dupplin, 11 Aug crowned king at Scone 24 Sept Nov 1332 grants Edward III the southern shires of Scotland.

7 The Aggressive Edward III - joins Balliol in Scotland June- July 1333; defeat Scots army at Halidon Hill 19 July. - successive invasions of realm , including the burning of Aberdeen and earldom of Moray Edward III and martial spirit of England, St George.

8 David II in exile May June 1341 Chateau Gaillard, near Rouen, Normandy.

9 England v. France Edward III reopened aggression over English empire on continent by claiming title of King of France; 1338 he invades France, ally of Scotland.

10 ‘Lieutenants’ of Scotland for David II, Archibald Douglas - killed at Halidon Hill, 1333 [Andrew Murray - David’s uncle, but captured ] Robert Stewart, heir presumptive , but submits to Edward III in face of David II/Randolph suspicion of his motives? Andrew Murray - release to 1338 including victory over the earl of Atholl Nov 1335 at Culblean Robert Stewart again raises suspicions in David/Randolph.

11 David II returns aged 17, June rewards lesser knights who had fought for him tries to assume leadership of war effort from young ‘flowers of chivalry’ like Douglas, Ramsay… - tries to reduce influence and lands of heir presumptive Robert Stewart and other big magnates

12 French defeat by English at battle of Crecy, Aug 1346, after King Philip VI of France’s appeals to David to invade England and distract Edward III

13 Capture of David II at Neville’s Cross outside Durham, 17 October 1346, after abandoned by Steward and earls of March and Ross.

14 Battle of Poitiers, France, Sept capture of King John II of France, finally prompting Edward II to cash in on other captive, David II.

15 Anglo-Scottish Peace Treaty of Berwick Ransom and hostages for release of David II - more binding than 1328 treaty? But leads to problems in Scotland where David tries to overawe magnates while seeking deal with England which might involve regnal union….


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