Introduction Politically, United Kingdom is divided in three historical nations: England, Gales and Scotland. The name of «United Kingdom» proceeds of the Latin Britannia, used by romans to design a province that corresponded roughly to the current England. Is similar the use of the British term that use in reference to the United Kingdom. In Spanish, the use of Britania limit to the name of the ancient roman province. Actually United Kingdom corresponds only with the biggest island.
Mánchester Mánchester Is a city and a metropolitan district of the metropolitan county of Big Mánchester, United Kingdom. Mánchester, that obtained status of city in 1853, has a population of 458.100 inhabitants (mancunianos),and find to the centre of the Urban Area of the Big Manchester, that with a population of 2.240.230 inhabitants is the third agglomeration urban bigger of the United Kingdom. To his time, forms part of the second agglomeration urban of the United Kingdom and fourteenth of the European Union in terms of population. Mánchester Is an important artistic centre, financial, of means of communication and of upper education. In a survey of business leaders British published in 2006, Mánchester was considered like the best place in the United Kingdom to establish a business. A report commissioned by the Association of Mánchester, published in 2007, showed to Mánchester like the "city with faster economic growth". Is the third city more visited in the United Kingdom by foreign tourists. Historically the main part of the city was part of the county of Lancashire, with the zones situated south of the river Mersey in the county of Cheshire. Mánchester Was the first city industrialized of the world and exerted a central paper during the Industrial Revolution. It converted in the main international centre of the textile manufacture and of the cotton thread.
Gales Gales Is a constituent country of the United Kingdom.1 Situate west of the island of United Kingdom, where limits to the East with England and to the occident with the Atlantic Ocean and the Sea of Ireland. Has a total population of three million people and is a bilingual country, which official tongues are the galés and the English. Is one of the celtics nations and possesses a cultural identity proper that conformed after the withdrawal of the roman of United Kingdom. 2The defeat of Llewelyn by Eduardo I in the century XIII concluded the conquest anglonormanda of Gales and meant the beginning of centuries of English occupation. The country was incorporated to England by means of the Statute of Rhuddlan of 1284 and later by the Acta of Union of 1536 Creating the legal entity today known like England and Gales. In the century XIX developed a local politics. In 1955 Cardiff was chosen capital and in 1999 created the National Assembly of Gales, which attends internal subjects. The boss of government is the Main Minister,. The capital and city bigger is Cardiff (in galés: Caerdydd), with 320.000 inhabitants. During a time was the main world-wide port of coal3 and, during some years before the First World-wide War, had a more intense traffic that London or Liverpool.
Torquay TTTTorquay, City in the coast south of England, belonging to the county of Devon and that extend along the coast of Torbay. In the century XIX was known like the Rivera English by his saludable climate. BBBBetween the varied origins of his name, the most accepted is the word torr or tower, of the ancient English and that designates to the small mountains of the southwest of England. It is present in several toponyms of Devon and of Cornualles. BBBBetween the varied origins of his name, the most accepted is the word torr or tower, of the ancient English and that designates to the small mountains of the southwest of England. It is present in several toponyms of Devon and of Cornualles. TTTThe first building of highlight in Torquay was the Tower Abbey, a monastery founded in 1196. The favourable climate of Torquay attracts to a lot of visitors, especially to convalescents that wish to recover and that in his main part comes of the cold north regions. The population of Torquay grew to rhythm speeded happening of 838 inhabitants in 1801 to 11.474 in 1851.
Belfast B B B Belfast Is the capital of north Ireland, in the United Kingdom. It is the biggest city of north Ireland and of the province of Ulster, and the second bigger city in the Island of Ireland after Dublin. In the cense of 2001 the population inside the limits of the city (the urban area of Belfast) was of 276.459 inhabitants, whereas 579.554 people residing in the wide Metropolitan Zone of Belfast. This converted it in the 15º city bigger of the United Kingdom, and the 11º main conurbation of this country. The place in which finds the current Belfast has been always occupied from the Age of Bronze. The archaeological place known like Giant’s Ring, located very near of the city has 5000 years of antiquated And still can observe rests of fortifications that date of the Age of Iron in the Colinas that surround the city. Converted in an asentament important in the century XVII when a big number of colons English and Scottish established there in process of colonization of the Ulster, with the aim to eradicate to the Catholic population of Ulster. In 1641, the Catholics rebellions, but were hard reprimands. Belfast Flowered like an important commercial centre and industrial during the centuries XVIII and XIX and converted in the most industrialized city of Ireland surpassing even to Dublin thanks to his dockyards, His textile industry and tobacco pouch between others. The dockyards of Harland and Wolff converted in the most important of the world, employing until to 35.000. Workers.1 In these dockyards built the tragically famous RMS Titanic.
Scotland Scotland is the more north of the four nations constituents of the United Kingdom. Together with England and Gales, forms part of the island of United Kingdom, ranging a third of his total surface; besides features of more of 790 islands. The Region of Scotland was an independent state until 1707, date in which signed the Act of Union with England, to create the Region of United Kingdom. The union did not suppose alteration of the legal system proper of Scotland, that since has been distinct of the of Gales, England and north Ireland. Ignore if Scotland was habited during the Palaeolithic, since the successive glaciations that covered his current territory have destroyed all the evidences of human asentamients previous to the period Mesolithic. Believe that the first groups of hunters-recolectors arrived does some 11.000 years, when the ices of the first glaciations began to recall to the north. The history written of Scotland begins with the Romanization of the centre- south of United Kingdom (the current Gales and England, that formed the province of Britannia). The roman called initially Caledonia To Scotland, by the immense forest of Caledonians pines that extended of north to south and of this to west by all the country. The main village assented in that period in the Scottish region was the one of the picots, Like this called, apparently, by his habit to paint the body. The scoots, by his part, were a village of Irish origin, also known like derides, that established in the west of Scotland. During this period existed therefore two regions differentiates: The one of the west of Scotland, Scotland, and the east picots region, Alba.
Thurso Thurso (from Old Norse, meaning 'Bull's water' and called Inbhir Theòrsa in Scottish Gaelic) is a town and former burgh on the north coast of the Highland local government area of Scotland. Historically, the town is one of two burghs within the county of Caithness. Thurso's history stretches back to at least the era of Norse Orcadian rule in Caithness, which ended conclusively in 1266. The town was an important Norse port, and has a later history of trade with ports throughout northern Europe until the 19th century. In 1330 Scotland’s standard unit of weight was brought in line with that of Thurso at the decree of King David II, a measure of the town’s economic importance. Old St Peter's Kirk is said to date from circa. 1220 and the time of Caithness Bishop Gilbert Murray, who died in 1245. Much of the town is, however, a planned 19th-century development, and a major expansion occurred in the mid-20th century when the Dounreay nuclear power plant was established at Dounreay, 9 miles (14.5 km) to the west of the town. Within a period of about five years, Thurso's population expanded rapidly from around 2,500 to about 12,000 between 1955-58, as the nuclear plant attracted skilled migrants from all parts of the United Kingdom, although it dropped back to around 9,000 by 1960 after a lot of the initial Dounreay construction crew left the area. Thurso is also the name of the viscountcy held by the Sinclair family in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. The present Viscount Thurso is also the local MP.
Cambridge Cambridge Is a university city English very ancient and the capital of the county of Cambridgeshire. Find roughly to 80 kilometres of London and surround it several villas and villages. His fame owes it to the University of Cambridge, the one who includes to the Laboratories Cavendish (designated like this in honour to Henry Cavendish), the chorus of the chapel of King's College and the Library of the University. These two last buildings project concerning the rest of the city. We know of the existence of human asentaments in the area from the period of the Roman Empire. The most ancient and inobjetable evidence of occupation of the place, a group of arms of hunting, corresponds at the end of the Age of the Bronze, around the year 1000 to. Of C. There is still more proofs that in the Age of the Iron, a German tribe (Belgics in the text in English) assented in Castle Hill in the century I AC. The first considerable development of the area initiated the year 40 d.C. Castle Hill Did of Cambridge a militarily strategic point, due to the fact that from this place could watch the river Cam. Also was the point of crossing of the Devana Road, that connected Colchester, in Essex, with the barracks in Lincoln, England, and to the north. The asentament followed being a regional centre, even 350 years after the roman occupation, around the year 400 To.C. Still can see in the place the walls of edifications and the roman ways.
Aberdeen Aberdeen, Known like "The City of Granite", is the third city in tamaño of Scotland, with a population of roughly 210.000 inhabitants. It constitutes an important commercial centre and is besides the main maritime port of the northeast of Scotland and to the suburbs of the city finds situated the airport. They have described asentaments in the area of Aberdeen from at least the 6.000 before Christ.The first reference that have is the itinerary of the incursion done by Severe in the north of Scotland in the century III, in which Aberdeen receives the name of Devana, this is City in the Rivera of the Deva (or Dee). Although the place will not purchase importance until 1179 when Guillermo the Lion concedes him a furrow, confirmed subsequently by David I.In 1336 Eduardo III of England burns the city, but quickly was reconstructed and broadened with the name of New Aberdeen. The municipal files are the most ancient of Scotland, dating of 1398.
Newcastle Newcastle upon Tyne, That often designate simply Newcastle, is a city of the county of Tyne and Wear in a region known historically like Northumbria and at present called the Norwest of England. Situated in the bank of the River Tyne and with some 259.000 inhabitants censed in the 2001, Newcastle is the main city of the Norwest of England. The history of the city began in the year 120, when the Roman built a bridge through the River Tyne and also built a fortress to save the bridge. Romans called the place, Pons Aelius. The New Castle (New Castle in English) that gave name to the city, was built by the Normanton in 1080 on the solar of the Roman fortress. During the Half Age the city surfed of a lot of attacks of the Scottish armies, and therefore the citizens built walls that surrounded the city. In the century XIX they knocked down many of the walls and now only some vestiges remain.
London London (pronounced / ˈ l ʌ ndən/) is the capital of England and the United Kingdom.a A major settlement for two millennia, its history goes back to its founding by the Romans, who called it Londinium. London's core, the ancient City of London, the 'square mile', retains its mediaeval boundaries. Since at least the nineteenth century, the name "London" has also referred to the metropolis developed around it Today, the bulk of this conurbation forms the London region and the Greater London administrative area, with its own elected mayor and assembly. London is a major global city and one of the world's largest financial centres with the largest city GDP in Europe. Central London is home to the headquarters of most of the UK's top 100 listed companies (the FTSE 100) and more than 100 of Europe's 500 largest. London's influence in politics, finance, education, entertainment, media, fashion, the arts and culture in general contributes to its global position. It is a major tourist destination for both domestic and overseas visitors. London hosted the 1908 and 1948 Summer Olympics and will host the 2012 Summer Olympics London contains four World Heritage Sites: the Tower of London; the historic settlement of Greenwich; the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew; and the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey and St. Margaret's Church. The Greater London Urban Area (the second largest in the EU) has a population of 8,278,251. while the metropolitan area (the largest in the EU) has an estimated total population of between 12 million and 14 million. The London Underground network, administered by Transport for London, is the most extensive underground railway network in the world,] London Heathrow Airport is the world's busiest airport by number of international passengers and the airspace is the busiest of any urban centre in the world.