Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

REACTION TO TRAUMA: MYTHS AND REALITIES Professor David A Alexander MA(Hons), C.Psychol, PhD, FBPS, FRSM, (Hon) FRCPsych Aberdeen Centre for Trauma Research.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "REACTION TO TRAUMA: MYTHS AND REALITIES Professor David A Alexander MA(Hons), C.Psychol, PhD, FBPS, FRSM, (Hon) FRCPsych Aberdeen Centre for Trauma Research."— Presentation transcript:

1 REACTION TO TRAUMA: MYTHS AND REALITIES Professor David A Alexander MA(Hons), C.Psychol, PhD, FBPS, FRSM, (Hon) FRCPsych Aberdeen Centre for Trauma Research

2 “Oh, give me a home, where the buffalo roam...”

3 “Bummer of a birthmark, Hal."

4

5

6

7

8

9

10 Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Primary features are: experience of an abnormally stressful event persistent re-experiencing of that event persistent avoidance of reminders persistent hyperarousal (hypervigilance) NB:Symptoms must have lasted for 1 month

11 10% of all deaths in UK leading cause of death in young people for every death two permanently disabled high economic cost ‘The trauma epidemic’

12

13

14

15

16

17

18 How common are post- traumatic conditions? Best estimates (Alexander, 1997) Burn injuries-45% RTAs-18% Industrial accidents-18% Major disasters-50% Rape -50%

19 HOW DO PEOPLE REACT AFTER TRAUMA?

20 Individual reactions Emotional Cognitive Social Physical

21 Individual reactions Emotional Numbness Fear Depression Guilt Anger Helpless

22

23 Individual reactions Cognitive False beliefs Loss of faith Memory/ concentration Flashbacks

24 Individual reactions Social Avoidance Irritability Withdrawal

25 Individual reactions Physical Hyperarousal Sleep problems

26

27 At risk factors include... Trauma sudden, unexpected man made (perceived) threat to life extended exposure multiple deaths/mutilations Survivor previous trauma psychiatric history severity (meaning) of injury lack of support other stresses

28 HAVE YOU SOMEONE TO GO HOME TO...?

29 eviction leukaemic daughter redundancy physical ill health pending divorce Yes, but...

30 A team of trained counsellors is standing by…

31

32 “WATCHFUL WAITING”

33 Phases of Response to Major Trauma Warning Impact “Honeymoon” Level of Adjustment TimeWeeksMonths Previous Level of Adjustment (Raphael [1986] “When disaster strikes”) Disillusionmen t Enhanced Community and Individual Adjustment “Second Disaster”

34


Download ppt "REACTION TO TRAUMA: MYTHS AND REALITIES Professor David A Alexander MA(Hons), C.Psychol, PhD, FBPS, FRSM, (Hon) FRCPsych Aberdeen Centre for Trauma Research."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google