Presentation on theme: "1846-67. Main events Time of general economic prosperity But political scene was confused and unstable Tories split after 1846 into:- Peelites (Supporters."— Presentation transcript:
Main events Time of general economic prosperity But political scene was confused and unstable Tories split after 1846 into:- Peelites (Supporters of Peel) include Gladstone, Lord Aberdeen. Protectionists (Opposed Peel) –Led by Lord Derby, included Disraeli The two groups would have nothing to do with each other. Peelites usually voted with the Whigs. Lord John Russell (the Whig leader) could form a government with Peelite support – Whigs did not have a majority.
Whigs improved position in 1847 – 325 seats to Tory protectionists 243. But Peelites with 89 seats held the balance Whigs could not afford to offend Peelites 1852 election – Peelites dwindled to 45 (Peel died 1850) still held balance Peelite Lord Aberdeen PM 185205 1857 election Peelites down to 29 Mp’s – most had joined the Whigs (Now becoming known as Liberals. Conservatives had still not recovered from split anly in govt for 3 short spells in this period
Domestic Politics Mostly uneventful:- Domestic 1848 – final fling of Chartism Social Reforms by Lord John Russell 1846-52 Gladstone Chancellor of Exchequer 1852-66- continued with move towards free trade (Budgets of 1860-40 Most striking feature was in economy – Golden Age of Victorian Britain Foreign Policy Crimean War 1854-46 Indian Mutiny 1857 Palmerston’s Foreign Policy 1859-65
Need for Pol Reform During 1860’s need for more Political reform came to forefront Derby’s Conservative government was responsible for Second reform Act of 1867 Major step forward towards democracy But the newly enlarged electorate responded at the general election of 1868 bhy voting in a Liberal Government with a majority of over 100