Presentation on theme: "PRESENT SIMPLE It is used to talk about daily routine, actions that are done frequently. Adverbs of frequency used with the present simple are: Always=siempre,"— Presentation transcript:
PRESENT SIMPLE It is used to talk about daily routine, actions that are done frequently. Adverbs of frequency used with the present simple are: Always=siempre, usually= normalmente, often= a menudo, sometimes= a veces, never= nunca (se colocan delante del verbo normal y detrás del verbo “BE”)
ADVERBIAL PHRASES Some adverbial phrases used with the simple present are: Once a (day/week/month/year)= 1 vez al... Twice a (day...)= 2 veces al..., Three times a...= 3 veces al... Every day/ week/ month/ year Every morning/ afternoon/evening/night Every Tuesday, summer,... (se colocan al final de la frase)
THE VERB HAVE It is often used to talk about actions: Form: I haveI don’t haveDo I have? You have you don’t haveDo you have? He/ she hashe/she doesn’t haveDoeshe/she have? We/you /they havewe/you/they don’t haveDo we/..have? Yes, I doNo, you don’t Yes, he doesNo, she doesn’t
HAVE- Expressions Have breakfast, lunch, coffee, tea, supper, dinner. Have a wash, a bath, a shower... Have a rest, a sleep, a lie-down, a dream... Have a good time, a bad day, a nice evening Have a good trip, journey, flight Have a swim, a walk, a dance... Have a baby Have an accident, an operation...
THE HOUSE- MY HOME ROOMS IN A HOUSE: The kitchen The living room The dining room The bathroom The bedroom The toilet The study The garden The garage
TYPES OF HOUSES A detached house A semi-detached house Terrraced houses A bungalow A cottage A flat An appartment A penthouse A mansion A castle, a palace
THE GENITIVE CASE The Saxon genitive (‘s/’), indicates possession and is added to the noun which refers to the possessor, ‘s for the singular and ‘ for the plural: El libro del niño> The boy’s book El libro de los niños> The boys’ book The possessor has to be a person or an animal, but it is also used with time expressions: a month’s time
Continuation ‘s> is used for singular possessors. ‘> is used for plural possessors ending in –s, because with irregular plurals ‘s is used: El libro de los niños: The boys’ book or The children’s book ‘s> is also used with names ending in –s: El libro de James: James’s book When a thing is possessed by two: El coche de Peter y Mary: Peter and Mary’s car When things are possessed by more than one : Estos son los libros de Henry y estos los de Jane: These are Henry’s books and those are Jane’s.
MODAL VERBS MUST+ INFINITIVE, expresses obligation or necessity and is the same for all persons: I must studyMust I study? You must studyMust you study? He/she must studyMust he study? We/you/they must studyMust they study? For the negative we use NOT: Mustn’t (indicates prohibition)
Modal verb: CAN It is used followed by the infinitive. It is used to give permission, or ask for it: Can I invite a friend? Yes, you can It is the same for all persons: I can sing, you can sing, he can sing, we can sing... For the negative we use NOT: can’t You can’t go to the cinema tonight.
THE IMPERATIVE It is formed with the infinitive for the 2nd person: It is used to give orders. Come and sit down. Hoover the floor, please. The negative form uses DON’T Don’t open the window, please. Don’t break this vase.