Presentation on theme: "Culture. 2 A society is any group of people (or, less commonly, plants or animals) living together in a group and constituting a single related, interdependent."— Presentation transcript:
2 A society is any group of people (or, less commonly, plants or animals) living together in a group and constituting a single related, interdependent community. Culture - Society
3 We might, for instance, comment upon some aspect of U.S. society. Or smaller groups of people, as when we refer to "rural societies" or "academic society," etc.
4 Culture - Society Society generally refers to the community of people While culture generally refers to the systems of meaning which govern the conduct and understanding of people's lives.
5 Culture - Society In common use of "society" or its derivative words; for example, when we refer to "societal problems," we are referring to conflicts which have as much to do with culture as they do with society.
6 Culture - Society weapons fire agriculture animal domestication video games religion political systems sports and social organizations It is all of the learned and shared ideas and products of a society
7 Culture - Society It is all of the learned and shared ideas and products of a society A shared way of life that includes values, beliefs, norms, mores Transmitted within a particular society from generation to generation.
8 Culture - Society Culture is learned Trial-and-error learning -personal Social learning -observed
9 Culture - Symbols Arbitrary units or models used to represent reality – unique to humans
10 Signs are direct representation – bell = food Culture - Symbols
11 Symbols they are not associated with any direct concrete item or physical activity they are more abstract. Colors of a flag Culture - Symbols
12 Culture is the historical accumulation of symbolic knowledge Culture - Symbols
33 Culture - Beliefs Any system of belief in which the interpretation of stories affects people's behavior
34 Culture - Beliefs System of belief can be a living, contributing component of a given society's culture. -- a system of superstitions, for example --
35 Culture - Beliefs These concern what are true or false assumptions Specific descriptions of the nature of the universe and humanities place in it
36 Culture - Beliefs They reside at the level of assumptions and presuppositions They generate everyday practices, customs, expectations & laws
37 Culture - Beliefs Posses momentum – seldom subjected to examination These define why the value is important to them.
38 Culture - Beliefs People will believe what is pleasing, what they want to believe, what they think they ought to believe Values are generalized, beliefs are more specific Beliefs broken into two areas
39 Culture - Beliefs Scientific – practical Insight into the nature of the world i.e. how to obtain food and shelter
40 Culture - Beliefs Non-scientific – religious & artistic that portray universe & express deep feelings Ideas that make sense of their experiences
41 Culture - Beliefs Ideas that they hold to be true, factual, real Education is good = value Grading is the best way to evaluate students = belief Most people assume their beliefs are rational and grounded in common sense
42 Culture - Beliefs Worldview –provides a consistent orientation toward the world. It helps interpret the world around them.
43 Culture - Beliefs Ideology – cultural symbols and beliefs that reflect and support the interests of specific groups within a society
44 Culture - Beliefs Cultural hegemony – ideological control by one dominant group over beliefs and values.
Culture - Norms & Beliefs The “laws” of culture.
46 Culture - Norms Shared rules of guidelines that define how people ”ought” to behave under certain circumstances
47 Culture - Norms Norms expand the ideas behind values and beliefs USA individual work to support themselves, older adults do not live with children Agricultural societies older parents live with children
48 Culture - Norms Folkways – provide guidelines for behavior they are flexible Dress code violation
49 Culture - Mores Mores – are stronger than norms If violated punishment is severe Rob a person go to jail Women walk without face covered put into prison
50 Culture - Ideal vs. Real Ideal - what they say they do Real - what they do
51 Culture - Ideal vs. Real Communication behavior ex. Being rude Failure frequently is not intended ex stop at a traffic sign
52 Culture - Ideal vs. Real USA values equal opportunity for all Real life shows actual different economic, class, racial, ethnic treatment
53 Culture - Aspects Culture is shared to allow for the creative contributions and functioning of a society.
54 Culture - Aspects Individuals may have more expertise than others in a given culture.
55 Culture - Aspects Culture varies from person to person, but common understandings are present.