100 – 700 AD Mayans used tobacco for religious and ceremonial purposes. 1492The native Americans introduced Columbus to tobacco. 1617 King James declared smoking as “…a custome Loathsome to the eye, hateful to the Nose, harmful to the braine, dangerous to the Lungs…” 1908 Sale of cigarettes was banned by 11 states because it was a rude habit.
1917 Smoking becomes a national pastime. 1941 – 1945 Free cigarettes are given to U.S. soldiers during World War II. Cigarette consumption rises. 1955Early television featured lots of tobacco ads trying to get people to buy and smoke their brand of tobacco. Many ads claimed that cigarettes did not pose a health risk. 1964 The first Surgeon General’s report linking cigarettes with lung cancer is released. The number of smokers starts to drop.
1965 The first warning label “Caution: Cigarette Smoking May Be Hazardous to Your Health” appears on all cigarette packs. 1971 Cigarette advertising is banned on radio and television. 1988 Smoking is banned on all flights in the USA. 1995 For the first time in American history, the President of the United States proposes regulations to significantly reduce the number of children and adolescents who become addicted to nicotine.
Secondhand smoke is the third leading cause of death in the United States – 45,000 South Dakota children are exposed to smoke at home Tobacco use costs South Dakotans over a quarter of a billion dollars annually in healthcare and other costs – the equivalent of a hidden $400 tax on every man, woman & child in South Dakota. South Dakota teens rank among the highest in the nation in reported tobacco use 44% H.S. students are current smokers
McCannon, Bob. “Understanding Media.” 1998. New Mexico Media Literacy Project. www.nmmlp.org “Teens Against Tobacco Use Teaching Information, Pointers, Strategies & Statistics, A Resource Guide for Teens.” 1998. American Heart Association, American Cancer Society, American Lung Association. “South Dakota Tobacco Epidemic at a Glance.” South Dakota Tobacco-Free Kids Network, August 2001. www.sdtobaccofree.org