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Phoneme Awareness Skills (K-2) Phoneme identity Phoneme isolation Phoneme blending Phoneme segmentation Phoneme addition Phoneme substitution Phoneme deletion.

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Presentation on theme: "Phoneme Awareness Skills (K-2) Phoneme identity Phoneme isolation Phoneme blending Phoneme segmentation Phoneme addition Phoneme substitution Phoneme deletion."— Presentation transcript:

1 Phoneme Awareness Skills (K-2) Phoneme identity Phoneme isolation Phoneme blending Phoneme segmentation Phoneme addition Phoneme substitution Phoneme deletion

2 Instruction of PA Has to be done orally; students have to hear the sound (not with text clues) Brief intensive instruction Progression is from grosser sounds to smaller sounds (words-syllables-phonemes) Should be combined with alphabet instruction

3 Phoneme-Grapheme Correspondences PhonemeWord ExamplesCommon spellings /p/pit, spider, stopp /b/bit, brat, bubbleb /m/mitt, comb, hymnm, mb, mn /t/tickle mitt, sippedt, tt, ed /d/die, lovedd, ed /n/nice, knight, gnatn, kn, gn /k/cup, kite, duck, chorus, folk, quietk, c, ck, ch, lk, q /g/girl, Pittsburghg, gh /ng/sing, bankng, n /f/fluff, sphere, tough, calff, ff, ph, lf /v/van, dovev, ve /s/sit, pass, science, psychics, ss, sc, ps

4 Phoneme-Grapheme Correspondence PhonemeWord ExamplesCommon spellings /z/zoo, jazz, nose, as, xylophonez, zz, se, s, x /th/thin, breath, etherth /th/this, breathe, eitherth /sh/shoe, mission, sure, charade, precious, notion, mission, special sh, ss, s, ch, sc, ti, si, ci /zh/measure, azures, z /ch/cheap, future, etchch, tch /j/judge, wagej, dge, ge /l/lamb, call, singlel, ll, le /r/reach, wrap, her, fur, stirr, wr, er/ur/ir /y/you, use, feud, oniony (u, eu), i /w/witch, queenw, (q)u /wh/wherewh /h/house, wholeh, wh

5 Phoneme-Grapheme Correspondence PhonemeWord ExamplesCommon spellings /ē/see, these me, eat, key, happy, chief, either ee, e__e, -e, ea, ey, -y, ie, ei /ĭ/sit, gymi, y /ā/make, rain, play, great, baby, eight, vein, they a__e, ai, ay, ea, -y, eigh, ei, ey /ě/bed, breathe, ea /ă/cata /ī/time, pie, cry, right, riflei__e, ie, -y, igh, -i /ŏ/fox, swap, palmo, wa, al /ŭ/cup, cover, flood, toughu, o, oo, ou /aw/saw, pause, call, water, broughtaw, au, all, w, ough /ō/vote, boat, toe, snow, openo_e. oa, oe, ow, o- /ŏŏ/took, put, couldoo, u, ou /ū/ [ōō]moo, tube, blue, chew, suit, soupoo, u_e, ue, ew, ui, ou

6 Phoneme-Grapheme Correspondence PhonemeWord ExamplesCommon spellings /y/ /ū/use, few, cuteu, ew, u_e /oi/boil, boyoi, oy /ow/ out, cowou, ow /er/her, fur, sirer, ur, ir /ar/cartar /or/sportor

7 Consonant Graphemes Consonant Grapheme type DefinitionExamples Single lettersSingle consonant letter can represent a consonant phoneme b, d, f, g, h j, k, l, m,, p, r, s, t, v, w, y, z DoubletsUses two of the same letter to spell one consonant phoneme ff, ll, ss, zz DigraphsTwo letter combination that stands for one phoneme none stands for alone th, sh, ch, wh, ph, ng (sing), gh (cough) [ck] TrigraphsThree-letter combination “-tch -dge Consonants in blends 2-3 graphemes with separate soundsScr, thr, cl, ft, lk, st (many more) Silent letter combinations One represents the phoneme, the other is silent kn, wr gn, ps, rh –mb, -lk, -mn, -st Combination qu These letters together stand for 2 sounds quickly WERA 2013_ CCSS ELA_diggingin

8 Vowel Graphemes Consonant Grapheme type DefinitionExamples Single lettersSingle vowel letter can represent a vowel phoneme cap, hit, gem, clod, muss, me, no, music Vowel teams2-3-4 letters stand for a vowelhead, hook, boat, sigh, weigh, toil, bout Vowel-r combination s A vowel followed by r, works in combination with /r/ to make a unique vowel car, sport, her, burn, first Vowel- consonant-e (Vce) The vowel-consonant-silent e pattern is a common spelling for a long sound gate, eve rude, hope, five WERA 2013_ CCSS ELA_diggingin

9 Syllable Patterns Syllable typeDefinitionExamples ClosedSyllable with short vowel spelled with a single vowel letter ending in one or more consonants dap-ple, hos-tel, bev-erage Vowel-C-e (Magic e) Syllable with a long vowel spelled with one vowel + one consonant + silent e com-pete, -des-pite OpenSyllable that ends with a long vowel sound, spelled with single vowel letter pro-gram, ta-ble, re- cent Vowel teamSyllables that use 2-4 letters to spell the vowel beau-ti-ful, train-er, con-geal, spoil-age Vowel-r (r- controlled) Syllable with er, ir, or urin-jur-ious, con-sort, char-ter Consonant-leUnaccented final syllable containing a consonant before /l/ followed by a silent e drib-ble, bea-gle, lit-tle WERA 2013_ CCSS ELA_diggingin

10 Oral Reading Fluency Accuracy, speed, prosody Oral reading, with guidance and repetition High correlations with comprehension at these levels


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