Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 Quiz Cultural & Linguistic Anthropology February 17th, 2015"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 1 Quiz Cultural & Linguistic Anthropology February 17th, 2015 HSP3UChapter 1 QuizCultural & Linguistic AnthropologyFebruary 17th, 2015
2 Chapter 1 Quiz Sit one every other desk NO electronics/phones If you have a question, please raise your handRead all questions carefullyGood Luck!
3 Finish Cultural Anthropology Chart Paper PresentationsCultural MaterialismFeminist AnthropologyPost Modernism
4 Bias What is Bias??? (Dictionary.com) A particular tendency, trend, inclination, feeling, or opinion, especially one that is preconceived or unreasonedEx. Illegal bias against older job applicants, the magazine’s bias toward art rather than photography, your strong bias in favour of an ideaUnreasonably hostile feelings or opinions about a social groupprejudice: accusations of racial bias(Dictionary.com)
5 Linguistic Anthropology Linguistic anthropologists study human ___________ and how language affects and expresses _________Language is such a huge part of how we all ___________ to each other. Remember, language can be demonstrated many ways, physically (sign language), verbally and ________There are three areas:Historical linguisticsStructural linguisticsSociolinguistics
6 Historical Linguistics Historical linguistic anthropologists compare the __________ and __________ of language structures so they can understand how __________ are related and how people __________ in the pastThis is an important field for _________ with no written languagesExample:Edward Sapir – studied Aboriginal peoples of Canada and recorded their languages, often with the last living speakerThrough analysis and historical reconstruction, he was able to trace the languages of Canada’s Aboriginal populations and set the foundation for understanding of the five major culture areas of Canada
7 Structural Linguistics Structural linguistics is the study of how _______ are put together to make _________Noam Chomsky is known as the _______ of modern structural linguisticsHe’s best known for developing the theory of universal _________ – that all human children are born with _________, universal rules for grammar and that they apply these rules as they learn their mother tongueAccording to Chomsky, the reason children so _______ master language is that they have innate ___________ of certain principles that guide themOur brains have a predisposition for the structure of language
8 Contradicting View Evolutionary biologists __________ They claim that language is ______ an instinct encoded on the brain, but is a ________ skillFor Chomsky’s theory to be true, all the languages must share some structural ____________In fact, linguists have shown that the 5000 PLUS languages of the world do share rules and principles
9 Same DialectWe often _______ people on whether or not they use proper __________However, if two people are _________ the same dialect (regional speech problem) and understand each other, then they are using linguistically good __________Example:Henry: I ain’t got no shoesPearl: I ain’t got none eitherThe two speakers understand each other perfectly, even though the sentences don’t meet our expectations of standard English
10 SociolinguisticsSociolinguistics is the study of how people use language within their _______ to express _______ and ________Example:You would probably use language differently when talking to a teacher in a classroom than with your friends on the weekendA study conducted in 1964 (Brown & Ford), showed that how people ________ each other can show the ___________ between themPeers tend to address each other by their ______ names, while people who use a title and ______ name to address each other often have a business relationship
11 Sociolinguistics Cont’d If one person uses a title and last name, while the other uses a first name – there is a difference in ________ (Example: students and teachers)In some cases, people address each other by their last names with no title, particularly in a _______ context (some anthropologists suggest that this is a middle ground, indicating ________but not intimacy)Any other examples you can think of??
12 Not just Spoken Language Sociolinguists study not only spoken language, but also _______ language in different ________ contextsExamples:Many First Nation cultures, it is rude for students to look a teacher in the eyeIn Japan, showing your teeth is a sign of social dominance and is considered very rude - North Americans who tend to smile openly are often seen as aggressive or bullying in JapanMany large corporations ________ linguistic anthropologists to train their employees to work effectively in other ________ so that they are not misunderstood
13 Reflect & RespondComplete the questions #’s 1-4 on pg. 33