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CYBER BULLYING An Overview CYBER BULLYING IS… The use of electronic communication technologies to intentionally engage in repeated or widely disseminated.

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Presentation on theme: "CYBER BULLYING An Overview CYBER BULLYING IS… The use of electronic communication technologies to intentionally engage in repeated or widely disseminated."— Presentation transcript:

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2 CYBER BULLYING An Overview

3 CYBER BULLYING IS… The use of electronic communication technologies to intentionally engage in repeated or widely disseminated acts of cruelty towards another that result in emotional harm Also known as: ‘Electronic Bullying’, Electronic Aggression & ‘Online Social Cruelty’ {Responding to the Challenge of Electronic Aggression, Nancy Willard}

4 CYBER BULLIES’ TECHNOLOGY   Cell phones  Pager text messages  Instant messaging  Defamatory personal web sites  Defamatory online personal polling web sites  Chat rooms

5 DIFFERENCES BULLYING DIRECT Often occurs on school property Poor relationships with teachers Fear retribution Physical: Hitting, Punching & Shoving Verbal: Teasing, Name calling & Gossip Nonverbal: Use of gestures & Exclusion CYBERBULLYING ANONYMOUS Occurs most often off school property Good relationships with teachers Fear loss of technology privileges Further under the radar than bullying Emotional reactions cannot be determined {McKenna & Bargh, 2004; Ybarra & Mitchell, 2004}

6 CYBER BULLY CATEGORIES “Inadvertent”  Role-play  Responding  May not realize it’s cyber bullying “Vengeful Angel”  Righting wrongs  Protecting themselves “Mean Girls”  Bored; Entertainment  Ego based; promote own social status  Often do in a group  Intimidate on and off line  Need others to bully; if isolated, stop “Power-Hungry”  Want reaction  Controlling with fear “Revenge of the Nerds” (“Subset of Power-Hungry”)  Often Victims of school-yard bullies  Throw ‘cyber-weight’ around  Not school-yard bullies like Power-Hungry & Mean Girls {Parry Aftab. Esq., Executive Director, WiredSafety.org}

7 CYBER BULLYING TYPES “Flaming’: Online fights using electronic messages with angry and vulgar language “Harassment”: Repeatedly sending offensive, rude, and insulting messages “Cyber stalking”: Repeatedly sending messages that include threats of harm or are highly intimidating. Engaging in other on-line activities that make a person afraid for his or her own safety “Denigration”: ‘Dissing’ someone online. Sending or posting cruel gossip or rumors about a person to damage his or her reputation or friendships

8 CYBER BULLYING TYPES “Impersonation”: Pretending to be someone else and sending or posting material online that makes that person look bad, gets that person in trouble or danger, or damages that person’s reputation or friendships “Outing and Trickery”: Sharing someone’s secret or embarrassing information online. Tricking someone into revealing secrets or embarrassing information which is then shared online “Exclusion”: Intentionally excluding someone from an on-line group, like a ‘buddy list’ {Nancy Willard, M.S., J.D., Director of the Center for Safe and Responsible Internet Use}

9 CYBER BULLYING PREVALENCE Cyber bullying typically starts at about 9 years of age and usually ends after 14 years of age; after 14, it becomes cyber or sexual harassment due to nature of acts and age of actors {Aftab}

10 CYBER BULLYING PREVALENCE Aftab’s statistics: {www.aftab.com}  90% of middle school students they polled had their feelings hurt online  65% of their students between 8-14 have been involved directly or indirectly in a cyber bullying incident as the cyber bully, victim or friend  50% had seen or heard of a website bashing of another student  75% had visited a website bashing  40% had their password stolen and changed by a bully (locking them out of their own account) or sent communications posing as them  Problems in studies: not assessing the ‘real thing’ i.e. Only 15% of parents polled knew what cyber bullying was

11 CYBER BULLYING LEGAL ISSUES ‘Educator’s Guide To Cyber bullying: Addressing the Harm of On-line Social Cruelty’ (Nancy Willard, 2005) Law Enforcement should be contacted if educator becomes aware of: Death threats or threats of other forms of violence to a person or property Excessive intimidation or extortion Threats or intimidation that involve any form of bias or discrimination Any evidence of sexual exploitation

12 CURRENT CYBER BULLYING PROGRAMS & RESPONSES What Everyone Needs to Know About Cyber bullying’ (aftab.com) Education of Children: All actions have consequences Cyber bullying hurts Cyber bully and accomplices often become the target of cyber bullying themselves Care about others and stand up for what’s right

13 CURRENT CYBER BULLYING PROGRAMS & RESPONSES Comprehensive Plan (Willard, 2005) Schools  Policies concerning misuse of technology  Evaluate how staff is and can more effectively monitor Internet use Parents  Discuss cyber bullying  Supervise and increase effective monitoring of Internet use Since more adults supervise, more children will hide activities, strategies needed to change social norms in these on-line works, empower the victim with knowledge how to prevent & respond, & to discourage bullies from engaging in such activities.

14 CURRENT CYBER BULLYING PROGRAMS & RESPONSES Schools should: Focus on values of kindness and respectful human relations Enhancement of empathic awareness Develop effective problem solving skills Empowerment of bystanders

15 CURRENT CYBER BULLYING ASSESSMENT What Everyone Needs to Know About Cyber bullying’ (Aftab) Assessment to differentiate between ‘rude communications’ and ‘cyber bullying’: 1- Kind of Threats 2- Frequency of Threat 3- Source of Threats 4- Nature of the Threats … The more frequent, the greater the threat, the mention of more dangerous methods & the involvement of third parties tends to increase the seriousness of the threat Knowing the cyber bully may increase or decrease the threat


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