3 Unit 1 Objectives To learn proper greetings and farewells in ASL To introduce yourself and othersTo learn basic ASL sentence structureTo ask and answer questionsTo learn how to interact appropriately with Deaf PeopleTo learn the role of facial expressions and non-manual signals
4 Grammar Notes Please Read and take “brief” notes Draw pictures or whatever you need to help you remember / recall the informationPages XV - XXI
5 Get to know your table! H-I. YOU HOW? WHAT’S UP. I GOOD, YOU HOW? I SO-SO. WEEKEND PAST, YOU DO WHAT?WEEKEND PAST, I DO …. YOU DO WHAT?WEEKEND PAST I …OH-I-SEE. TOMORROW CHAT AGAIN WEOK. SEE YOU TOMORROW.
6 Deaf Culture Notes Please “Through Deaf Eyes”DocumentaryTake GOOD NOTES we will use them all year!Focus on the signs as well and add new words to your dictionaryDON’T JUST WATCH – PAY ATTENTIONRemember – you will type an essay about the film
7 Greetings Grammar Notes When signing to a friend use HI.When signing to an adult or someone you do not know well use HELLO.Vocabulary:HELLOHIWHAT’S UPHOW YOU?I FINE
8 Vocabulary TO BE BUSY CONFUSED FINE TO BE GOOD, WELL TO BE HAPPY NOTHING, NOT MUCHSAME OLD THING, THE USUALSLEEPYSO-SOTO BE TIRED
9 You try…Exchange greetings with your partner and ask how he or she is.Ask your partner to tell you how another classmate is.
10 Deixis – Grammar NotesPointing is a logical feature of a signed, non-spoken language. It is not considered rude or impolite. If a person or object is not visible, point to an empty space and continue signing. Using the index finger to point is called deixis.VocabularyDEIXISI AM, MEYOU AREHE, SHE, IT ISWE ARE, USYOU ARE (plural)THEY ARE
11 Now try… They are busy. She is happy. I am confused. We are happy. She’s good.I’m sleepy.It’s so-so.He’s fine.Don’t forget to point back to the person—this is a closing signal and lets the person know you are done and it is their turn to sign.
12 Thomas H. Gallaudet, 1848 Deaf Culture Notes Gallaudet established Gallaudet University in Washington DC. He said, “American Sign Language is of great value to the deaf, but could also be of great benefit to the hearing as well… It is superior to spoken language in its beauty and emotional expressiveness. It brings kindred souls into a much more close and conscious communion than mere speech can possibly do.”
13 Vocabulary GOOD MORNING AFTERNOON EVENING Greet your classmate and ask how he/she is.
14 Eye Contact Eyes on ASL #1— Watch the video clip and copy the signerRemember to maintain eye contact while signing with someone. If you must look away use the HOLD-ON sign before doing so.Getting a Deaf person’s attention? Wave or tap on the shoulder.VocabularyEYE CONTACTHOLD ONLOOK AT MEPAY ATTENTIONNOT PAY ATTENTION
15 Closing Signals… Grammar Notes Pointing back to yourself or the person you are talking about shows completion of a train of thought.Closing signals are especially important when asking questions using the Question Maker or the WH-Face. Remember to use a closing signal when:Making a statement or comment about yourself or somebody else.Asking a question.NMS: matches the emotionI LIKE COFFEE I.
16 You try… What is your name? My name is Kelly Boyd. YOU NAME WHAT YOU? ME NAME fs-KELLY BOYD ME.
17 Worksheets Look up the words in red books Write page number for each wordAdd to Dictionary
18 You try…Introduce yourself to your classmates, fingerspelling your complete name carefully.SHE NAME fs-NINA PATEL SHE.Don’t sign the English words in red!Practice:She is Nina Patel.My name is Cheryl.He’s Tyler Brophy.I’m Niki, he’s AaronHe’s Luis Cortez.My name is Sam.She is Erin.His name is Jeff.Her name is Lisa.Her name is Susan.
19 Yes/No Question Responses Eyes on ASL #3—Grammar Notes There is no such thing as a one word response in ASL.Wrong:COFFEE YOU LIKE YOU?YES.Right:YES COFFEE I LIKE I.
20 Introductions Deaf Culture Minute—Notes DEAF: will give first name, last name; background info; and school history.HEARING: will give first and last name and hearing status.Introductions in the Deaf community vary depending on whether one is hearing or Deaf. If you are Deaf, background information like where one goes or went to school is exchanged. If you are hearing, then you will be introduced as a hearing person who knows or is learning ASL. This exchange of information allows everybody to understand where he or she is coming from and reduces cultural misunderstandings. It is culturally appropriate to shake hands when meeting new people or greeting friends. Like many hearing people, Deaf friends often hug each other when saying hello and good-bye.
21 Vocabulary DEAF FRIEND HARD OF HEARING HEARING INTRODUCE MEET MY NICE NICE TO MEET YOUWANT
22 Try these… CHAT ONE Signer A: Hi! How are you? Signer B: I’m fine. How are you?Signer A: I’m good. I’m Eric Morse. I’m Deaf.Signer B: Hi. My name is Chris Sarn. I’m hearing.CHAT TWOSigner A: What’s up? How are you?Signer B: I’m busy. How are you?Signer A: Same old. I want you to meet my friend Cara.Signer B: Hello, Cara. How are you?Signer C: I’m fine. Nice to meet you.
23 Introducing a Friend Watch the video… Practice signing with a partner… Signer A: Hi what’s up? I want to introduce my friend. Her name is Lisa. She is hearing.Signer B: Hello. Nice to meet you. My name is Sean. I’m Deaf. How are you?
24 Interacting with the Deaf Deaf Culture Notes View the DVD: Culture NoteTo get a Deaf person’s attentionTap shoulderWave handTurn off voiceIt is rude to talk in a Deaf person’s presence.
25 The Question-Maker ASL Up Close: Grammar Notes Raising your eyebrows forms the Question-Maker, an expression that shows you are asking a yes/no question. Keep the eyebrows raised until you’ve completed signing the question—add the closing signal or question mark sign.Watch the DVD.
26 Mouthing Accent Steps—Grammar Notes Do you talk silently while signing? Some hearing people do this out of habit, and others think it helps Deaf people lipread. Only about 30% of the English language can be lipread. Deaf people lipread English, not American Sign Language, so don’t mix the two. Sometimes a Deaf person will “talk” silently to help hearing people understand what is being signed, but don’t with those who understand ASL. You will learn the role the lips have as part of the non-manual signals used in ASL. In the meantime, don’t pronounce the English translation on your lips while signing. ASL IS NOT ENGLISH!
27 Vocabulary ASL BATHROOM GO TO LEARN NO PLEASE AGAIN, REPEAT TO SIGN, SIGN LANGUAGESLOW, SLOW DOWNTHANK YOUYES
28 Making Conversation—GLOSS Hello, my name is Pat. I’m learning ASL.What is your name? Are you Deaf?Please sign slowly.I want to meet you. What is your name?I’m hearing. Are you?6. Hi, what’s up? Nice to meet you.7. Are you hard of hearing?8. Tom is hearing and learning ASL.9. Please sign again.10. I want to learn ASL.
29 Deixis Accent Steps—Grammar Notes When you use deixis, look towards the area you’re pointing to. This is called eye gaze and helps “hold” that location for the person or thing you’re signing about.
30 Asking QuestionsUse the Question-Maker to ask your partner these questions. Respond in a complete sentence including the closing signal.Are you learning sign language?Are you hearing?Do you want to learn ASL?Do you want to meet my friend?Good morning. How are you?
31 Correcting Information Use the Question-Maker to ask your partner these questions. Respond in a complete sentence including the closing signal.Is she paying attention?Yes, she is paying attention.Are you sick?No, I’m fine.Do they want to learn ASL?Yes, they want to learn ASL.Are you sleepy?Yes, I’m sleepy.Are you Deaf?No, I’m hearing.
32 Saying Good-bye Watch Marc and Kris sign farewell… Don’t add separate signs for YOU when signing SEE YOU LATER or SEE YOU TOMORROW—it is already in the sign
33 Vocabulary GOOD-BYE LATER ME TOO, SAME HERE SEE, TO SEE YOU SEE YOU LATERSEE YOU TOMORROWTAKE CARETOMORROW
34 History about the Deaf and Education Deaf Culture Notes ASL Language History1960s: Recognized as a unique language.1970s: ASL begins being used to educate the Deaf1980s: Identified as a cultural minority greatly due to DPN1990s: Fastest growing foreign language in America
35 Deafness Deaf Culture Notes The majority of Deaf people are raised in families where deafness is not common.Is not always genetic. Only 10% of Deaf children have Deaf parentsOften the use of sign language was forbidden in school.Most Deaf children learned ASL on the playground.
36 ASL = Language Grammar Notes ASL is a language.ASL is not English.It has its own grammar, structure, and nuances that are designed for the eye, not for the ear.It is not universal—it is used in America and Canada.ASL and FSL are about 60% the same
37 Where are all the little words? She is happy.My name is Fred.He wants to learn ASL.They are Busy.He is named Tomas.We are hearing.
38 Facial Expressions and NMS Grammar Notes One noticeable difference between ASL and English is the use of facial expression and non-manual signals. Non-manual signals (NMS) are the various parts of a sign that are not signed on the hands. For example ASL adverbs are made by the eyes and eyebrows, and ASL adjectives use the mouth, tongue and lips. Two different types of NMS: facial expressions (emotions), which convey your tone of “voice” while you sign. The second is grammar.
39 Vocabulary BLANK FACE BORED EXCITED FACIAL EXPRESSIONS MAD, ANGRY SAD SICKSCARED, AFRAID
40 Accent StepIt is normal to feel awkward or uncomfortable making facial expressions at first, but with practice you will become more confident and skilled. Without them you can’t sign questions, show interest, or carry on a satisfying conversation.
41 Using Non-ManualsYou have already begun using two important non-manual signals when you sign yes or no. These are called head nod and head shake. Use these when you sign YES and NO.Yes/No questions would be incomplete without the head nod or shake.
42 Try these… I’m not Deaf. I’m hearing. Yes, I’m learning how to sign. I didn’t go to the bathroom.They aren’t sick.We aren’t busy.You don’t have to use signs for DON’T or NOT. Just use the head shake for now.
43 Vocabulary CAN, MAY CAN’T, MAY NOT DON’T KNOW DON’T LIKE DON’T UNDERSTANDI’M NOT, NOT METO KNOWLIKEUNDERSTAND
44 Q & A Can I go to the bathroom? Do you understand the homework? No, you can’t.Do you understand the homework?Yes, I understand the homework.I’m not Marie. I’m Pat.I didn’t understand. Please sign it again.I don’t understand. Do you?No, I don’t understand.I don’t know his name. Do you?I know his name. He is _____.
45 GRADE! Don’t trust your partner to do it all. Conversation—Gloss and Sign Who will you be? I will tell you—practice both parts.Alan: Hi. My name is Alan. What’s your name?Holly: My name is Holly. Nice to meet you.Alan: Are you Deaf?Holly: No, I’m hearing. I’m learning ASL. Do you know how to sign?Alan: Yes, I can sign.Holly: Are you Deaf?Alan: No, I’m not Deaf. I’m hearing. I sign okay. I want to sign well.Holly: Me too. I want to understand ASL.Alan: Do you want to meet me tomorrow morning?Holly: Yeah. I’ll see you tomorrow. Good-bye.GRADE! Don’t trust your partner to do it all.
46 Saying Goodbye Deaf Culture Notes Deaf people take a long time to say “goodbye” at social gatherings.
47 Vocabulary ABSENT DON’T MIND DUE, TO OWE FAVORITE MOVIE PRACTICE SCHOOLTODAY, NOW
48 Sign… I’m not absent. Not today. The homework isn’t due. I don’t mind. We don’t understand.They don’t like the movie.
49 Sign… Do you want to go to a movie? Do you like scary movies? Yes. Tomorrow night.Do you like scary movies?Scary movies are so-so.My favorite movie is “_____.” Do you like it?Yes. It was good.
50 Sign… My friend is absent today. Do you know what’s for homework? Yes. Practice ASL.Is the homework due tomorrow?Yes. The homework is due tomorrow.Thank you.You’re welcome (smile and nod your head).
51 Sign… They don’t know my name. He isn’t paying attention. Yes, they know your name.He isn’t paying attention.No, he isn’t. He doesn’t have eye contact.Are you sick?No, I’m fine.I like learning ASL.Yes, I do too.We’re very busy today.Yes, a lot of practice.
52 SVO Grammar Notes Subject/Verb/Object This follows English word order. The sentence will have only 3-4 English words.There will be no closing signal.NMS: depends on the emotion.English: I like dogs.smile/nodASL: I LIKE DOGS.
53 Topic/Comment Grammar Notes T/CThis is the most common structure in ASL. The topic comes first followed by the comment.NMS: eyebrows are UP on the topic and face matches emotion on the comment ↑ nodMOM I LOVE SHE I.
54 Yes/No Questions Grammar Notes Y/N ?Signs can go in any order. Use question mark sign or closing signalNMS: eyebrows up the whole timeYOU LIKE COFFEE YOU?↑COFFEE YOU LIKE YOU?↑
55 WH Questions Grammar Notes A question that uses who, what, when, where, why, how or which. The question word MUST come last.NMS: eyebrows up for the topic and down on the question word. Use a closing signal, but NO QUESTION MARK SIGN!!!↑YOU BORN WHERE YOU?↓
56 Negation Grammar Notes Adding NO, NOT, or NONE to a sentence to make it negative—or just a head shake.NMS: must shake your head.negI NOT-LIKE STUDY I.
57 Create… Use 10 signs from the packet Gloss two sentences for each grammar structure using the vocabulary from this chapter.All CAPSInclude all glossing marksDouble space
58 Glossing PracticeComplete the numbers activities together from the workbookComplete the glossing activities from the workbook and turn in.Sentence Review handout… these are the things you should know and be able to do by now. Practice!