Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

© Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 10 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 10 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "© Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 10 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 10 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes."— Presentation transcript:

1 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. Russia The Power Struggle after Lenin’s Death

2 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 Learning objectives What we will learn in this presentation: © Boardworks Ltd of 10 Learning objectives Who Lenin thought should take over after he died. How Stalin managed to take power.

3 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 In January 1924, after a series of strokes, Lenin died. There was no obvious successor, and no mechanism had been set up for the appointment of a new leader. StalinTrotskyKamenevZinovievBukharin There were many who wished to take over. These included: Photographs © David King Collection The contenders

4 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 Lenin left a letter that has become known as his Last Testament. In it, he made comments on people in the party who wanted power. An interpretation is below: The most capable, but too big- headed and too concerned with detail. These men opposed me when I tried to set the date for the revolution in October This was no accident and they are not to be trusted. Rude and too powerful, should be removed from his post as Party Secretary. The favourite of the party, an able thinker and planner. Stalin Trotsky KamenevZinovievBukharin Photographs © David King Collection Lenin’s Last Testament

5 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 The most capable, but too big- headed and too concerned with detail. These men opposed me when I tried to set the date for the revolution in October This was no accident and they are not to be trusted. Rude and too powerful, should be removed from his post as Party Secretary. The favourite of the party, an able thinker and planner. Which one do you think would have been most likely to succeed Lenin, and why? StalinTrotskyKamenevZinovievBukharin Photographs © David King Collection Which one of these five do you think would be the best successor to Lenin, and why? Lenin’s Last Testament

6 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 So, what happened to each of these contenders for power, and who emerged as the next successor? Stage one: Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev (the left wing of the party) joined together to oppose the continuation of the NEP (New Economic Policy). These three wanted rapid industrialization, collective farms and the use of force to make peasants produce enough food to feed workers in the cities. This was similar to the war communism of the civil war period but was appearing to go against Lenin’s wishes just before he died. Photographs © David King Collection The left wing

7 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 Stalin sided with Bukhurin on the right of the party. Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinviev were denounced as traitors to Lenin.They were expelled from the Communist Party. Why might Stalin be in a good position to manoeuvre himself into the leadership? Photographs © David King Collection Stalin gets rid of the left

8 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 What will Stalin do now? Will he support his old friend? In 1927 Stalin sent soldiers to arrest those who were making a profit as a result of the NEP. He called them internal enemies and said that NEP had to be abandoned. Bukharin now accused Stalin of being a tyrant. As Party Secretary Stalin had appointed all his supporters to positions of power. Bukharin was expelled from the party. Stage two: Bukharin had sided with Stalin to get rid of Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamanev. He now proposed to continue with NEP for at least 20 years, because this is what Stalin had told him they should do. Photographs © David King Collection Stalin gets rid of Bukharin

9 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 Who was left as the undisputed leader of Russia in 1927? Photographs © David King Collection Stalin Describe and explain how Stalin became leader of Russia despite Lenin suggesting he should be removed as quickly as possible. Stalin wins

10 © Boardworks Ltd of 10 Quiz


Download ppt "© Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 10 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 10 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google