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© Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 10 © Boardworks Ltd 2006 1 of 10 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes Page. This icon indicates that the slide contains activities created in Flash. These activities are not editable. For more detailed instructions, see the Getting Started presentation. Russia The Power Struggle after Lenin’s Death
© Boardworks Ltd 2006 2 of 10 Learning objectives What we will learn in this presentation: © Boardworks Ltd 2006 2 of 10 Learning objectives Who Lenin thought should take over after he died. How Stalin managed to take power.
© Boardworks Ltd 2006 3 of 10 In January 1924, after a series of strokes, Lenin died. There was no obvious successor, and no mechanism had been set up for the appointment of a new leader. StalinTrotskyKamenevZinovievBukharin There were many who wished to take over. These included: Photographs © David King Collection The contenders
© Boardworks Ltd 2006 4 of 10 Lenin left a letter that has become known as his Last Testament. In it, he made comments on people in the party who wanted power. An interpretation is below: The most capable, but too big- headed and too concerned with detail. These men opposed me when I tried to set the date for the revolution in October 1917. This was no accident and they are not to be trusted. Rude and too powerful, should be removed from his post as Party Secretary. The favourite of the party, an able thinker and planner. Stalin Trotsky KamenevZinovievBukharin Photographs © David King Collection Lenin’s Last Testament
© Boardworks Ltd 2006 5 of 10 The most capable, but too big- headed and too concerned with detail. These men opposed me when I tried to set the date for the revolution in October 1917. This was no accident and they are not to be trusted. Rude and too powerful, should be removed from his post as Party Secretary. The favourite of the party, an able thinker and planner. Which one do you think would have been most likely to succeed Lenin, and why? StalinTrotskyKamenevZinovievBukharin Photographs © David King Collection Which one of these five do you think would be the best successor to Lenin, and why? Lenin’s Last Testament
© Boardworks Ltd 2006 6 of 10 So, what happened to each of these contenders for power, and who emerged as the next successor? Stage one: Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinoviev (the left wing of the party) joined together to oppose the continuation of the NEP (New Economic Policy). These three wanted rapid industrialization, collective farms and the use of force to make peasants produce enough food to feed workers in the cities. This was similar to the war communism of the civil war period but was appearing to go against Lenin’s wishes just before he died. Photographs © David King Collection The left wing
© Boardworks Ltd 2006 7 of 10 Stalin sided with Bukhurin on the right of the party. Trotsky, Kamenev and Zinviev were denounced as traitors to Lenin.They were expelled from the Communist Party. Why might Stalin be in a good position to manoeuvre himself into the leadership? Photographs © David King Collection Stalin gets rid of the left
© Boardworks Ltd 2006 8 of 10 What will Stalin do now? Will he support his old friend? In 1927 Stalin sent soldiers to arrest those who were making a profit as a result of the NEP. He called them internal enemies and said that NEP had to be abandoned. Bukharin now accused Stalin of being a tyrant. As Party Secretary Stalin had appointed all his supporters to positions of power. Bukharin was expelled from the party. Stage two: Bukharin had sided with Stalin to get rid of Trotsky, Zinoviev and Kamanev. He now proposed to continue with NEP for at least 20 years, because this is what Stalin had told him they should do. Photographs © David King Collection Stalin gets rid of Bukharin
© Boardworks Ltd 2006 9 of 10 Who was left as the undisputed leader of Russia in 1927? Photographs © David King Collection Stalin Describe and explain how Stalin became leader of Russia despite Lenin suggesting he should be removed as quickly as possible. Stalin wins
© Boardworks Ltd 2006 10 of 10 Quiz
Cover for Mrs Packer The books the students will need is “Russia in Transition 1905 – 1924” In period 3 this is in K8 In period 4 this is in K1 Please.
Who were the contenders in the leadership struggle?
© Boardworks Ltd of 15 Stalin’s Rule 1927–53: Collectivization and Industrialization Russia This icon indicates that detailed teacher’s notes are.
The Struggle for Power in the USSR When Lenin died in 1924 there were three main contenders to replace him as the head of the Soviet Union.
Friday 4/4/14 RAP 1.What was the NEP? Who started it? 2.What was the Five Year Plan? Who started it? 3.Which leader, Lenin or Stalin, do you think was.
© Boardworks Ltd of 19 © Boardworks Ltd of 19 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes.
Why had Stalin become undisputed leader of the USSR by 1929?
Stalin’s rise to power. Lenin dies in January 1924 It was now up to the Politburo to decide who should run Russia – Two clear candidates emerged, Trotsky.
‘The Power Struggle’ of the 1920s Stalin’s Russia.
A New Era, the revolution continues Ch. 24 section 2.
Power Struggle Issues. Kamenev and Zinoviev joined in 1926 Stalin turned against the Right in 1929 Trotsky and the Left * End of NEP Peasants should be.
© Boardworks Ltd of 18 The October 1917 Revolution – Why did the Bolsheviks Win? Russia This icon indicates that detailed teacher’s notes are available.
The Triumvirate against Trotsky
© Boardworks Ltd of 9 © Boardworks Ltd of 9 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes.
THE RISE OF STALIN. Question of Leadership 1922: Lenin’s health deteriorates Unclear who will succeed him power struggle ensues after his death.
Origins and nature of Stalin’s authoritarian and single-party state Major Theme One.
Russia After the Revolution. The Death of Lenin After only 3-years as leader of Russia, Lenin dies in A power struggle to see who will be the next.
The NEP By Sean and Austin. What is it? The NEP stands for New Economic Policy Was Lenin's last economic decision before he died Was made in the 10th.
When we examine the reasons behind the rise of Stalin, there are TWO MAIN FACTORS RESPONSIBLE: Stalin’s Cunning Personality Stalin Outwitted His.
© Boardworks Ltd of 17 The Origins of the Cold War The Cold War This icon indicates that detailed teacher’s notes are available in the Notes Page.
© Boardworks Ltd of 22 © Boardworks Ltd of 22 These icons indicate that teacher’s notes or useful web addresses are available in the Notes.
Stalin and the Struggle for Power By Miss Frances Fraser
On half-sheet write your research question AND an initial response to this question.
The Soviet Experiment Lenin and the Rise of Stalin Kagan, Ch. 27.
Russian Revolution. Roots of Revolution By 1914: Russia is the most backward European country. By 1914: Russia is the most backward European country.
©2009, TESCCC World History, Unit 10, Lesson 2 The Soviet Union Under Stalin Unit 10: The Rise of Totalitarianism and World War II Lesson 2.
THE SOVIET UNION Chapter 29 Section 4. What did Lenin accomplish? (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) Nationalization – all major industries under state control.
Russian and its rulers The Russian Revolutions n Two revolutions –February (March) –October (November) n The February Revolution –Tsar.
The Soviet Experiment Begins Who was left in charge of Bolshevik Russia at the end of the Russian Revolution?
For what reasons and by what methods was Stalin able to rise to power in the USSR by 1929?
I CEBREAKER : IN YOUR NOTEBOOK ANSWER THE FOLLOWING : 1) W HAT WERE REASONS A SINGLE PARTY STATE DEVELOPED IN RUSSIA IN 1917? 2) D ESCRIBE THE CAUSES &
Do now: Take out Stalin & Trotsky assignment – TURN IN Icebreaker ~ OPVL 11/ 6 & 11/7 Origins & Rise of joseph Stalin 1924 – 1929.
The Soviet Union under Stalin, Kidner, Ch. 27, pp
WHAT LED TO THE RISE OF STALIN? 1 Crisis and Conflict: Communist Russia Copyright 2006.
The Soviet Union: Totalitarian State How does Lenin maintain control and how does Stalin gain power?
SECTION 1 THE STRUGGLE FOR POWER YOU NEED TO KNOW: A. WHY WAS THERE A STRUGGLE FOR POWER AFTER LENIN'S DEATH? B. THE CONTENDERS C.THE IDEOLOGICAL DIVISIONS.
Lenin’s Death From Lenin to Stalin. Lenin’s relationship with Stalin Stalin became General Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922 and had a lot of influence.
The struggle for power- The events
Stalin and the U.S.S.R.. War Communism Campaign to extract “surplus” wheat Campaign against “Kulaks” Results – –Grain decline from 78 million tons (1913)
The Russian Revolution russiablog.org. Nicholas II The last Czar of Russia Romanov dynasty Was an absolute monarch Was harsh to those who disagreed with.
Power Struggle Brief Overview Lenin died in early There was then a power struggle among several leading party members to gain control.
The Soviet Experiment. Russian Civil War The Bolshevik (red) army easily defeated the Menshevik (white) army. Leon Trotsky led the Red Army.
Lenin, Trotsky, and Stalin
E. Napp Stalin and Totalitarianism In this lesson, students will be able to define the following terms: Joseph Stalin Totalitarianism Changes Under Stalin.
1. Who was the ruler of Russia at the beginning of WWI? 2. What were followers of Lenin called? 3. Who helped Lenin get back to Russia? Why?
Key Figures of the Russian Revolution. Alexander Kerensky Prime Minister of the Russian Provisional Government Supported Russia’s involvement in World.
The Death of Lenin & the Vacuum of Power afterwards.
THE SOVIET UNION Chapter 29 Section 4. Social Changes in the Soviet Union.
Stalin’s rise to power Exam focus: AQA Elizabeth Francis Philip Allan Publishers © 2015.
Learning Goal The students will understand the Rise of the Dictatorial Regimes after WWI. Media Attitudes Totalitarian States Fascism Collectivizm.
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