Urban Violence Watts Riot=Police arrests led to a several day riot in which 34 people were killed (1965).
Kerner Commission Government study that concluded that White racism was the cause of urban violence.
Nation of Islam A black Muslim organization that promotes the separation of blacks from whites.
Malcolm X Civil Rights leader who promoted self- defense and separation from whites.
Stokely Carmichael Activist who preached the idea of black power, and blacks taking complete control of the civil rights movement.
Black Panthers A political party that preached self-defense and self-sufficiency for blacks.
2 nd -Wave Feminism 1 st Wave ?? Feminism - the belief that women should have economic, political, and social equality with men. –Goals=unofficial & official inequalities, workplace, family rights, & reproductive rights, Betty Friedan & Feminine Mystique (’63) -Attacked the notion that women could only find fulfillment through homemaking and childbirth-labeling it…“the problem that has no name”
Founded in 1966 “to take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men." Women’s liberation movement that sought to end sex discrimination in the workplace.
E.R.A.-Equal Rights Amendment passed by Congress in 1972. –Guaranteed that both men and women would have the same rights and protection. Conservative backlash/anti-feminists prevented ratification by the states. –Arguments against Women could be drafted Unisex bathrooms Same-Sex Marriage
Phyllis Schlafly The U.S. Constitution is not the place for symbols or slogans, it is not the proper device to alleviate psychological problems or personal inferiority. It would be a tragic mistake for our nation to succumb to the tirades and demands of a few women who are seeking a constitution cure for their personal problem.
A.I.M. Founded in 1968 with the purpose of taking an aggressive approach to approving conditions and lessening discrimination for Native Americans. Hostile Takeovers instead of sit-ins –Bureau of Indian Affairs & Wounded Knee
Civil Rights Activist who fought for better working conditions and rights for farm workers
La Causa In the 60’s he organized a boycott of the Delano grape growers to improve pay. The movement grows into UFW (United Farm Workers) In the 70’s he is involved with strikes with lettuce and grape growers. In the 80’s he focuses on the dangers of pesticides.
“Non-violence really rests on the reservoir that you have to create in yourself of patience, not of being patient with the problems, but being patient with yourself to do the hard work.”