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The Italian Case Valentino Piana Speech delivered in Ankara, 19th November 2009 Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies.

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Presentation on theme: "The Italian Case Valentino Piana Speech delivered in Ankara, 19th November 2009 Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Italian Case Valentino Piana Speech delivered in Ankara, 19th November 2009 Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies

2 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting Contents 2. The challenge of climate change in Italy 3. Seventeen likely impacts of climate change 4. The families of adaptation strategies 4.1. Framework strategies 4.3. Strategies for the rapid system-wide intervention 4.4. Saving and substituting scarcer resources 5. Conclusions 1. A simple scheme of climate change 4.2. Strategies to strengthen local response by protecting key assets

3 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 1. A simple scheme of climate change Density/Value Our adaption from Isoard, Grothmann and Zebisch, Additional stressors

4 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 2. The challenge of climate change in Italy Perceived as a long-term and remote phenomenon Low priority in economic and political terms Specific aspects of climate change overemphasised while others neglected Scattered competences 4 4 Framed by other issues, not framing other issues 5

5 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 2. The challenge of climate change in Italyexacerbates existing problems generates entirely new ones Climate change It provokes widely differentiated effects in term of timing (immediate, medium-term and long-term) and in terms of geographical areas and economic sectors.

6 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 3. Seventeen likely impacts of climate change Alpine region Water scarsity and desertification Coastal zones Hydro-geological vulnerable zones Polluted urban centres hit by heat waves

7 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 4. The families of adaptation strategies 4.1. Framework strategies 4.3. Strategies for the rapid sistem-wide intervention 4.4. Saving and substituting scarcer resources 4.2. Strategies to strengthen local response by protecting key assets

8 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 4.1. Framework strategies Coherent and extensive list of measures, expliciting objectives, stakeholders, activities, budget and responsibilities Definition All the country, identifying areas at risks, establishing priorities and balances Coverage   Systemic approach   Full coverage of issues   No surprises   International comparability   Systemic approach   Full coverage of issues   No surprises   International comparability   Long consultations   Difficulties in agreement   High total costs foreseen for action   Risk to receive funding only for the process, not for the measures   Long consultations   Difficulties in agreement   High total costs foreseen for action   Risk to receive funding only for the process, not for the measures PROSCONS National Adaptation Strategy, National Program for the Fight to Drought and Desertification Examples

9 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 4.1. Framework strategies Source: PEER (2009) National Adaptation Strategy 1 Italy is going to lay down a National Adaptation Strategy

10 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 4.1. Framework strategies National Program for the Fight to Drought and Desertification 2 CIPE deliberation n st December 1999 Legal foundation It provides a framework for regional intervention, use of European Funds and for sectoral planning. Kind of intervention Workshops, awareness raising events Example of direct activities 0.5 millions Euro in 2001 Costs

11 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 4.2. Strategies to strengthen local resilience by protecting key assets Concentrated efforts to protect small areas from specific risks Definition Key assets, as historical cities, highly profitable human activities, etc. Coverage   Effective in the area and for the problem under focus   Mobilization of resources   Interest of solution providers   Effective in the area and for the problem under focus   Mobilization of resources   Interest of solution providers   Possible negative externalities outside the area and on other environmental aspects   High cost per square km   Difficult to replicate for non- human ecosystems and for non- highly profitable activities   Possible negative externalities outside the area and on other environmental aspects   High cost per square km   Difficult to replicate for non- human ecosystems and for non- highly profitable activities PROSCONS MOSE Project in Venise Examples

12 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 4.2. Strategies to strengthen local resilience by protecting key assets MOSE Project in Venise Sea level rising and floods in Venice Problem Massive infrastructure and complex works. Kind of intervention Extreme weather event in 1966 giving rise to a long debate on solutions. Project presented in After criticisms, a new version presented in First financial commitment in First stone in On-going contentious issue. Expected completion: Timing Estimated €4,272 million, committed 3240 millions. Costs

13 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 4.3. Strategies for the rapid system-wide intervention Monitoring and alert system with well-defined procedure of mobilization on-site and from all over the country(ies) Definition Disaster-prone areas, hit or at immediate risk Coverage   Wide ex-ante coverage   Effective mobilization   Solidarity across country(ies)   Disaster impact reduction   Levelled off expenditure over time   Insurance-like effects   Wide ex-ante coverage   Effective mobilization   Solidarity across country(ies)   Disaster impact reduction   Levelled off expenditure over time   Insurance-like effects   Highly demanding in central and local competences   Raising awareness of risks (sometimes excessively)   Keep resources always allocated   Highly demanding in central and local competences   Raising awareness of risks (sometimes excessively)   Keep resources always allocated PROSCONS Civil defence system Examples

14 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 4.3. Strategies for the rapid sistem-wide intervention Civil defence system National Law th February 1992, modified by the Constitutional Law n th October 2001 Legal foundation Integrated multi-level system where not only a centralized “military-like” body is ready to enter into action, but local-level units of volunteers and several bodies responds to mayors and higher-level political responsible people. Kind of intervention Monitoring the structural conditions of vulnerability, alert about the possibilty of disaster of a wide range of sources (fire, floods, landslides) and immediate reaction Activities Departments under the national and regional governments, army, fire brigades, forestry militia, Red Cross, national healthcare system, citizen organizations, etc. Participating bodies

15 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 4.4. Saving and substituting scarcer resources Behavioural, technological and infrastructural change to reduce inputs in production and consumption Definition Water, energy, soil Coverage   Potential profitability due to savings   Homogeneity and standardization of solutions   Fast implementation, at least In principle   Potential profitability due to savings   Homogeneity and standardization of solutions   Fast implementation, at least In principle   Underestimation of rigidities in habits and technological lock-ins   Economic instruments (e.g. higher price of the resource) not always effective and politically feasible   They may require further R&D   Underestimation of rigidities in habits and technological lock-ins   Economic instruments (e.g. higher price of the resource) not always effective and politically feasible   They may require further R&D PROSCONS Basin and Regional plans for saving water Examples

16 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 4.4. Saving and substituting scarcer resources Regional plans for saving water Water Framework Directive 2000/60/EU; National Law 13/2009; Regional Development plans Legal foundation Multi-yearly program of extraordinary and ordinary maintenance of water pipelines, agreements with trade associations to spread technologies, pilot project of new technologies, educational programs for population and children, price modifications Kind of intervention National and regional authorities, water basin authorities, schools Participating bodies

17 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting 5. Conclusions Climate change is now and for the future, probably faster than many policymakers expect. Planning and executing adaptation measures can be long and difficult. Italy is moving from a reactive to a pro-active approach and is keen to exchanges of experience with all countries of the Mediterranean Sea.

18 Cutting-edge research & implementation consulting For further information and support feel free to contact us! Thank you for your kind attention. Valentino Piana Mobile phone:


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