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Objectives Analysis of the strategies and instruments for rural development in peripheral areas in the EU regarding new „steering structures“ such as Regional.

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Presentation on theme: "Objectives Analysis of the strategies and instruments for rural development in peripheral areas in the EU regarding new „steering structures“ such as Regional."— Presentation transcript:

1 Objectives Analysis of the strategies and instruments for rural development in peripheral areas in the EU regarding new „steering structures“ such as Regional Governance Determining and comparing the rural development policies and different styles of Regional Governance between four European regions: Sky and Lochalsh District and Western Isles, Jämtland, Extremadura and Warmińsko-Mazurskie Background In 2007 approximately 80% of the land surface of the European Union was classified as rural. As a result of the EU enlargement, Europe is experiencing a renaissance of rural areas. Large areas of Eastern European countries are classified as rural, often displaying the classic structural characteristics (e.g. comparatively high contribution of agriculture to the regional product, low population density and out-migration). However, some rural peripheries have experienced considerable economic regeneration over recent years. Research questions Which new approaches and institutional structures are adopted in regional development policy? What are the differences and similarities between the case study areas regarding the integrated rural development concept? What kind of interactions can be identified between the actors and what role do they play? Which group of actors is likely to prevail and who is the “loser”? German Research Foundation (DFG) Project ( ) “Regional Governance in rural peripheries of Europe – interactions between regional actors as key factors for regional development“ A comparative analysis of selected case studies in peripheral rural regions in the EU Prof. Dr. Ingo Mose, Dipl.-Umweltwiss. Marta Jacuniak M.A., Dipl.-Geogr. Georg Fiedler What does Regional Governance mean? cooperation of actors of different backgrounds (territorially oriented public actors, such as politicians, and functionally oriented private actors, such as entrepreneurs or civil representatives) crossing the borders and responsibilities of the subsystems (government/administration, private sector, civil society) self-organised networks horizontal interaction through arguing and bargaining (not power and enforcement) linked to self-imposed (negotiated) regulation systems, which canalise the interaction formally, lower transaction costs and heighten the reliability of expectations high degree of reflective rationality (learning processes are very important) F ÜRST, D. (2003): Regional Governance. In: B ENZ, A. (ed.): Governance -Regieren in komplexen Regelsystemen. Eine Einführung. Hagen. pp Contact Prof. Dr. Ingo Mose Room A Tel.: ++49 (0) 441 / Dipl.-Umweltwiss. Marta JacuniakM.A. Room A Tel.: ++49 (0) 441 / Dipl.-Geogr. Georg Fiedler Room A Tel.: ++49 (0) 441 / Study Areas 1. Communidad Autónoma de Extremadura (Spain) 2. Skye and Lochalsh District and Western Isles Council (Scotland) 3. Jämtlands län (Sweden) 4. Województwo Warmińsko-Mazurskie (Poland) N Skye and Lochalsh District and Western Isles Area: 5605 km 2 Population: 38,638 Population density: 6.55 inhabitants per km 2 (Source: 2004) Landscape features: 200 islands, hilly moor and little woodland, machair, sandy beaches and dunes, rocky shores and cliffs, hundreds of inland lochs and mountain ranges Cultural features: Gaelic language and culture, historically grown crofting system Economy: tourism, services, fishing and fish farming, sheep farming Jämtland Area: 49,343 km 2 Population: 126,937 Population density: 2.6 inhabitants per km 2 (Source: SCB 2007) Landscape features: forest and subalpine woodland, mountain areas, large lake areas, pastures, ley Cultural features: Jamska language Economy: services, mining and manufacturing, reindeer farming, forestry Warmińsko-Mazurskie Area: 24,173 km 2 Population: 1,430,995 Population density: 59.1 inhabitants per km 2 (Source: GUS 2006) Landscape features: " The Land of a Thousand Lakes“ - more than 2500 lakes and rolling hills left by the Vistulian glaciation, mixed woodland (“puszcza”), the largest white stork population in Europe, UNESCO Biosphere Reserve Lukajno Lake Cultural features: part of the former East-Prussia (Germany), ethnic minorities, homeland of Nicolaus Copernicus and Veit Stoss large number of characteristic red brick castles from the 14th and 15th centuries erected by Teutonic crusaders and bishops Economy: tourism, agriculture, food and timber industry Extremadura Area: 41,634 km 2 Population: 1,089,990 Population density: 26.2 inhabitants per km 2 (Source: INE 2007) Landscape features: Dehesas (pasture woodland), mountain areas, fluvial topography (Tajo and Guadiana), various water reservoirs Cultural features: World Heritage Sites like the Monasterio de Guadelupe, the archaeological ensemble of Mérida and the old town of Cáceres, home of “famous discoverers” such as Hernán Cortés and Francisco Pizarro Economy: tourism, services, cork production, cultivation of cherries and wine, hydroenergy Altas Grafico de Extremadura, p.55


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