Presentation on theme: "How to Solve Test Problems Test Taking Strategy"— Presentation transcript:
1 How to Solve Test Problems Test Taking Strategy Chapter 5How to Solve Test ProblemsTest Taking Strategy
2 Answering QuestionsIf you are instructed to mark all correct answers rather than the single best answer, the elimination of false answers in each answer set should be your strategyWhereas normally we search for the correct answer, here we would search for the false statements
3 Answering Questions Question: What city(s) is/are in California? a. San Diego b. New York c. Fresno d. Denver e. Barstow
4 Answering Questions The correct answers are a, c, and e Did you eliminate b & d before choosing a, c, & eIn answering this kind of question, you shouldfirst eliminate the false answersif you go through a few questions and find only one right answer to each question, suspect the directions were misleadingchange your strategy. Instead of first eliminatingfalse statements, start searching for the true statements(s)
5 Answering QuestionsWord problems are those which require reading text during the exam process. You then demonstrateproficiency or understanding by choosing correct answers.The test may be multiple choice, fill in the blank, true/false, or short essay.
6 Answering QuestionsThe format for most text problems is fairly standard. A long block of often difficult text is presented and then several questions are asked.
7 Answering Questions Usually the test is divided into sections When the test begins, examine the entire testOne of the best strategies in test taking is to start with the easy problems first.by answering this way youachieve a minimum grade in the fastest timeknow how much time remains for the harder problemsget a feel for how the test was constructedwarm up
8 Answering QuestionsFind the section of the test that you are most familiarwith and answer the questionsThen go to your next best section and answer the questionsContinue working your way through the test saving the hardest part for lastBy following this procedure, you will save time for thehardest part because of how fast and easy the firstsections were
9 Answering QuestionsRemember, you must complete at least 90% of the test correctly to receive an A.Pace your test answering to ensure that you finish the exam.
10 Answering QuestionsBefore you read the text part of the test skim over the questions.Hold the questions in your mind as you read the textRead the entire textEven if you spot answers, do not return to the question until you have read the entire textSometimes information will follow which changes your understanding of the text
11 Answering QuestionsIf you are allowed to mark the test material, then bullet • or underline answers as you find them.
12 Answering QuestionsBe careful when answering questions on text that deals with subjects you are very good in. It might actually be a handicap as you will anticipate answers on the basis of your prior knowledge rather than the information presented. This can happen. Sometimes the text will state something you know to be false. Then questions will be asked concerning that same incorrect information. If the text is clear, then the answer must correspond to the text.
13 Answering QuestionsFor example: America’s favorite pastime is baseball. One of the rules is two strikes and the batter is out; another rule is five balls and the batter advances to first base.Question: How many strikes in baseball to get a batter out?a. 1b. 2c. 3d. 4According to the paragraph, the correct answer is b. In an actual test, you should choose b. Select your answer based upon the actual text.
14 Answering QuestionsIf the test is fifty minutes long and has 50 questions, simple math would say spend one minute on each questionUnfortunately, standardized tests areusually not that simple
15 Answering Questions Factors include: the difficulty of the textthe difficulty of the subject matterthe length of the textthe number of questions on each block of textthe amount each counts towards the final gradeConsider all these factors when taking the test
16 Answering Questions Start with what you consider the easiest section make sure you complete the section fast enough to allow time for the harder sectionsif you spend too much time answering the easy questions, you might fail the test just because you did not answer enough questions
17 Answering QuestionsStay with the same text material until you have either run out of time or have answered all the questions to the best of your abilityDo not jump around from section to section There will be some questions you cannot answerfor these questions, skim over the answers (wherethey are offered)go back to the text and scan for keywords or phraseseliminate answers that are wrong. If you cannot eliminate all but one answer, you must decide whether or not you should guess
18 Answering QuestionsThe decision to guess should be based on whether you will be penalized for wrong answersIf you are penalized for wrong answers, use the following ruleif you can eliminate three of the five possible answers choose the best remaining answerif the remaining two answers seem evenly possible, then go ahead and guess one of the two. You have improved your odds from one in five to one in twowith odds you should guess
19 A B C D E Answering Questions If there is no penalty for guessing, eliminate whatever incorrect answers you can and then guess the same letter throughout the test.A B C D E
20 Answering QuestionsThe reason for choosing the same letter on all pure guesses is that large standardized tests have their answers generated randomly. By picking one letter, you ensure that 20% (on a test with a – e) correct guess rate. If you changed your letter randomly, it is possible you could guess yourself out of the random answer.
21 Answering QuestionsThis method should definitely be used when answering test questions on material you haven’t even looked atTry to complete each section within your self determined time limit. If you cannot, guess on a basis of the above and proceed to the next section. Remember to mark your guesses (perhaps with a “?” or a “•”) in case you have extra time at the end of the test to reexamine them
22 Answering QuestionsMany text problems involve solving an algebraic equation. For example, if the text lists a series of items and their prices and asks you for the total, you would have to add up all the different prices.
23 Answering QuestionsSome text problems might go a step further and require you to find an unknownFor example, you are given four tests scores and need to compute a fifth which would give a stated averageFor example, ( x)/5 = 78. These kinds of questions are called first degree questions with a single variableBecause this level of math is so prevalent in daily life, it is included in this manual
24 Answering QuestionsThe following steps represent a means of solving virtually every single variable first degree word problem.
25 Answering Questions 1. Let x represent the unknown solution 2. Write expressions in terms of x to represent other unknown quantities3. Translate the sentence(s) into an equation4. Solve the equation5. Check the solution by substituting it into the original problem
26 Answering QuestionsTwice the sum of a number and 5 is 40. What is the numberFirst, assign x to be the numberSecond, write expression 2 (x + 5).Third, translate to the equation2 (x + 5) = 40Fourth, solve the equation
27 Answering QuestionsTo solve any algebraic equation, use the following 4 stepsStep 1. Clear any fractions by multiplying by LCM (Lowest Common Multiple)Step 2. Clear parenthesisStep 3. Do +,- until the variable and its coefficient are isolated on one side of the equationStep 4. Divide by the coefficientFollowing these steps (since there are no fractions), firstclear parenthesis to get 2x + 10 = 40Then subtract 10 from both sides to get 2x = 30Then divide by the coefficient 2 to get the answer x = 15