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NGA Designing Healthy Communities What Does a Healthy Community Look Like? Bruce Race, FAIA, AICP RACESTUDIO.

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Presentation on theme: "NGA Designing Healthy Communities What Does a Healthy Community Look Like? Bruce Race, FAIA, AICP RACESTUDIO."— Presentation transcript:

1 NGA Designing Healthy Communities What Does a Healthy Community Look Like? Bruce Race, FAIA, AICP RACESTUDIO

2 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Overview How do you measure a healthy city? What are the indicators? What does design have to do with it? What can States do to create mote competitive and healthier communities?

3 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Test Your Indicators How do you measure a healthy city? What are the indicators? ASSIGNMENT: 1.___________________________ 2.___________________________ 3.___________________________

4 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Test Your Indicators–NASA’s Version

5 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Test Your Indicators–Bruce’s Version

6 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Human Health Indicators Health– Obesity, diabetes, heart disease, mental health Social– Crime, education, isolation Environmental– Air quality, water quality, brown fields

7 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Sustainability–Assigning Value to the Future Energy consumption Renewable resources Land-efficient development patterns

8 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Cultural Identity–Values, Culture and Tradition Natural setting Historical and cultural preservation Events and traditions

9 NGA Designing Healthy Communities What does design have to do with it? ASSIGNMENT: From memory, draw a map of your community. You have two minutes. GO. Now circle your favorite place and list three reasons why: 1._________________________ 2._________________________ 3._________________________

10 NGA Designing Healthy Communities What does design have to do with it? Postwar urban planning–systems and efficiency-driven

11 NGA Designing Healthy Communities What does design have to do with it? Infrastructure to support land speculation

12 NGA Designing Healthy Communities What does design have to do with it? Regulations that control land speculation

13 NGA Designing Healthy Communities What does design have to do with it? Results do NOT vary…

14 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Design is an Integrative Activity Restoration Tax Credits and Façade Restoration Program LRT System Regional Plan and $25M Redevelopment Commitment Park Design Competition and Renovation First PBID in California and Downtown Partnership Management

15 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Design is an Integrative Activity

16 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Design is an Integrative Activity Making places–space, activity and path Sensory-driven planning Adaptable to the place–culturally relevant

17 NGA Designing Healthy Communities What can States do to create more competitive and healthier communities? ASSIGNMENT: List three ways your state rewards the design of healthy cities? 1.______________________________ 2.______________________________ 3.______________________________

18 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Process for Creating Healthy Cities The Planning Process-vision, policies, regulations and implementation (Oregon, New Jersey, Maryland, Michigan’s “Cool Cities” initiative) The Political Process–special interests push favorable regulatory bills Policy Plans Regulations Zoning/Guidelines Vision Implementation   

19 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Dream City–Healthy Community PROVIDING PROVIDING CHOICECHOICE

20 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Providing Choice Capturing community values It is a QUALITATIVE question Transit–modal split Human life-cycle

21 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Providing Choice–Community Values

22 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Providing Choice–Community Values

23 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Density–Who’s been to Paris? Comparison of Densities (Pop/SM) Salinas5,8486,900 Monterey3,8043,940 Santa Cruz3,6874,188 Modesto5,4546,112 San Jose4,5605,300 Fresno3,5744,191 Bakersfield1,9042,514 Sacramento3,8354,114 Davis5,5016,666 Berkeley9,78310,371 San Francisco15,50016,930 New York City –24,000 Paris53,13052,430

24 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Density–Who’s been to Paris?

25 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Therefore–It’s a qualitative question... Snout House Dead Wall Homer Simpson Duplex

26 NGA Designing Healthy Communities …definitely. Qualitative. Monster with Cheese

27 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Providing Choice–Great Neighborhoods Public Partners: Monterey Bay Unified Air Pollution Control District Public Partners: California Pollution Control Financing Authority Sustainable Communities Grant and Loan Program Santa Cruz ADU Manual Cal APA Award AIACC Design Award Watsonville Livable Community Residential Design Guidelines

28 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Providing Choice–Modal Split Who drives most by region? Year 2000 CityPop./SMMiles/pop. Houston1,61837 Detroit2,94224 SF/Oakland3,34322 New York/4,31315 NE New Jersey Source: Federal Highway Administration

29 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Providing Choice–Cities and the Human Life-cycle Singles Mingles Jiggles 49-59

30 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Providing Choice–Cities and the Human Life-cycle Condition of Public Schools Year 1999 Source: National Center for Educational Statistics Schools in central cities were more likely to be in poor condition Schools with higher concentration of poverty to report at least one unsatisfactory environmental condition In 1999, the average school was 40 years old Severe overcrowding (more than 25%) is most prevalent in with schools with over 50% minority enrollment

31 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Providing Choice–Cities and the Human Life-cycle

32 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Rewarding Good Behavior Health –Second worst air quality in America Sustainability –Expanding biomass renewable energy –Protecting natural and working landscapes Cultural identity –Preparing Scenic Tulare County element

33 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Rewarding Good Behavior Health –Brown Fields (old RR yards) Sustainability –Infill development –New residential neighborhood Cultural identity –New civic center –Cultural district

34 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Creating Incentives Real estate INDUSTRY part of the American Tradition –Property rights –Influential Fiscal rewards of healthy public policy –Fiscalization of land use–the “F” word –Counties and cities compete for sales tax Regulations –Concern about global competition for agriculture –Cooperation among jurisdictions–incorporated cities and special districts Since the mid-1950s the federal government has spent eight times as much money to build sprawl-inducing highways than density-supporting mass transit. The federal tax code provides eleven times the tax breaks for home owners (mostly suburban) than it offers to apartment owners (mostly city-based). David Rusk, Former Mayor of Albuquerque, Author

35 NGA Designing Healthy Communities Conclusions: The Governor’s Role Expressing a vision of communities that balance human health, sustainability and cultural traditions Integrative policymaking–suite of policies, regulations, programs and funding solutions Rewarding good behavior–incentives, awards/recognitions

36 NGA Designing Healthy Communities What Does a Healthy Community Look Like? Bruce Race, FAIA, AICP RACESTUDIO


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