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DHS/FEMA UPDATE 15 th Annual REP Conference April 12, 2005 Craig Conklin Department of Homeland Security.

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Presentation on theme: "DHS/FEMA UPDATE 15 th Annual REP Conference April 12, 2005 Craig Conklin Department of Homeland Security."— Presentation transcript:

1 DHS/FEMA UPDATE 15 th Annual REP Conference April 12, 2005 Craig Conklin Department of Homeland Security

2 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 2 Overview National Response Plan Nuclear/Radiological Incident Annex Potassium Iodide RDD Cleanup Guidance Comprehensive Review of Nuclear Reactors

3 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 3 HSPD-5: Management of Domestic Incidents  Comprehensive all-discipline, all-hazards plan  All levels of government and private sector work together  Integrate crisis and consequence management  DHS Secretary designated Principal Federal Official  National Incident Management System (NIMS)  Core set of concepts, principles and terminology for incident command and multi-agency coordination

4 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 4 National Incident Management System  Provides the national standard for incident management  Based on the National Interagency Incident Management System (NIIMS) Incident Command System (ICS)  Major components:  Incident Command and Management  Preparedness  Resource Management  Communications and Information Management  Supporting Technologies  Ongoing Management and Maintenance NATIONAL INCIDENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM March 1, 2004 Homeland Security

5 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 5 Command & Management  Incident Command System (ICS): Management system designed to integrate resources from numerous organizations into a single response structure using common terminology and processes  Incident management activities organized under five functions:  Unified Command incorporates Federal, State, Tribal, Local and non- governmental entities with overlapping jurisdiction and incident management responsibilities Operations Command FinanceLogisticsPlanning

6 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 6 National Response Plan (NRP) Supercedes  FRP  CONPLAN  FRERP  INRP Integrates  NCP  Other national- level contingency plans National Response Plan Incorporates key concepts  NIMS  HSOC  IIMG  PFO  JFO  ESFs Guiding Policy: Homeland Security Act & HSPD-5

7 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 7 NIMS & NRP Relationship Local Support or Response National Incident Management System (NIMS) Standardized process and procedures for incident management State Support or Response Federal Support or Response NIMS aligns command & control, organization structure, terminology, communication protocols, resources and resource typing to enable synchronization of efforts in response to an incident at all echelons of government National Response Plan (NRP) Activation and proactive application of integrated Federal resources Incident NRP is activated for Incidents of National Significance Resources, knowledge, and abilities from independent Federal Depts & Agencies DHS integrates and applies Federal resources both pre and post incident

8 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 8 Support Annexes Emergency Support Function Annexes Appendices Base Plan Organization of the NRP Incident Annexes Groups capabilities & resources into functions that are most likely needed during an incident (e.g., Transportation, Firefighting, Mass Care) Describes common processes and specific administrative requirements (e.g., Public Affairs, Private Sector Coordination, Worker Safety & Health) Outlines procedures, roles and responsibilities for specific contingencies (e.g., Terrorism, Nuclear/Radiological) Concept of Operations, Coordinating Structures, Roles and Responsibilities, Definitions, etc. Glossary, Acronyms, and Compendium of National Interagency Plans

9 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 9 Applicability/Scope  Provides the national framework for domestic incident management  Broadly applies to all incident categories  Establishes incident/potential incident monitoring and reporting protocols  DHS role in Incidents of National Significance:  Operational coordination; and/or  Resource coordination

10 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 10 Incidents of National Significance Incidents which require DHS operational coordination and/or resource coordination. Includes:  Credible threats, indications or acts of terrorism within the United States  Major disasters or emergencies (as defined by the Stafford Act)  Catastrophic incidents  Unique situations that may require DHS to aid in coordination of incident management…

11 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 11 Unique Situations  When a Federal department of agency acting under its own authority has requested the assistance of the Secretary  When the Secretary has been directed to assume responsibility for managing the domestic incident by the President  Events that exceed the purview of other established Federal plans  Events of regional or national importance involving one or more Federal agencies (at the discretion of the Secretary of DHS)  National Special Security Events

12 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 12 Concept of Operations  Single national framework for various Federal roles:  Direct implementation of Federal authorities  Federal to State support  Federal to Federal support  Pro-active response to catastrophic incidents  Incidents handled at lowest possible organizational level  DHS receives notification of incidents and potential incidents, assesses regional or national implications and determines need for DHS coordination  DHS operational and/or resource coordination for Incidents of National Significance

13 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 13 Capabilities and Resources Federal Response Regional / Mutual Response Systems State Response Increasing magnitude and severity Local Response, Municipal and County Layered Response Strategy Minimal Low Medium High Catastrophic

14 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 14 Concept of Operations – Pre-event  Emphasis on Prevention, Preparedness and Mitigation  HSOC receives reports of terrorist threats and potential incidents  Conducts assessment and coordinates with Departments and Agencies to deter, prevent, mitigate and respond  Potential Incident of National Significance:  Activates NRP components to provide Federal operational/resource assistance to prevent/minimize impact

15 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 15 Phases of Incident Management Activities Preparedness  Pre-deployment of response assets  Pre-establishment of ICPs, JFO, staging areas and other facilities  Evacuation and protective sheltering  Implementation of structural and non-structural mitigation measures Preparedness Recovery Response Prevention Notification Prevention  Implement countermeasures such as security and infrastructure protection  Conduct tactical ops to interdict or disrupt illegal activity  Conduct public health surveillance, testing immunizations and quarantine for biological threats Response  Emergency shelter, housing, food & water  Search and rescue  Evacuation  Emergency medical services  Decontamination following a WMD attack  Emergency restoration of critical services Recovery  Repair/replacement of damaged public facilities  Debris cleanup/removal  Temporary housing  Restoration of public services  Crisis counseling  Programs for long-term economic stabilization and community recovery Examples

16 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 16 Concept of Operations – Post-event  Emphasis on Response and Recovery  On-scene operations managed by ICS/Unified Command  State, Tribal, local and other Federal agencies may request assistance  IIMG, NRCC and HSOC provide national level policy, information, resource and operational coordination  Joint Field Office (JFO) established Integrates Federal operational and resource coordination with State and locals Fully replaces the DFO, and incorporates the JOC during terrorist events JFO Coordination Group: Principal Federal Official (PFO), Senior Federal Law Enforcement Official (SFLEO), Senior Federal Officials (SFOs), and State, Local & Tribal Reps

17 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 17 NRP Coordination - Terrorism Joint Field Office (JFO) Regional Response Coordination Center (RRCC) HSOC/NRCC Interagency Incident Management Group (IIMG) State Emergency Ops Center Multiagency Coordination Entity  Incident prioritization and resource allocation  Focal point for issue resolution Support and Coordination  Identifying resource shortages & issues  Gathering and providing information  Implementing MAC Entity decisions Incident Command  Directing on-scene emergency management NIMS Role JFO Coordination Group Incident Command Post (ICP) Field Level Regional Level National Level Local Emergency Ops Center The FBI Joint Operations Center (JOC) coordinates criminal investigation and law enforcement activities. When the JFO is established, the JOC becomes a section of the JFO. Joint Ops Center (JOC) SIOC

18 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 18 Implementation Guidance  Phase I – Transitional Period (0 - 60 days)  Modify training  Designate staffing of new NRP organizational elements  Become familiar with NRP structures, processes and protocols  Phase II – Plan Modification (60 – 12- days)  Federal Departments/Agencies modify existing interagency plans  Conduct necessary training  Phase III – Initial Implementation and Testing (120 – 365 days)  INRP, FRP, FRERP, and CONPLAN are superseded  Systematic assessment of NRP structures, processes and protocols  Conduct 1-year review to assess success of implementation

19 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 19 Suggested Training FEMA Website:  IS 100 – Introduction to the Incident Command System  IS 200 – Basic Incident Command System for Federal Disaster Workers  IS 700 – National Incident Management System  IS 800 – National Response Plan

20 Nuclear/Radiological Incident Annex

21 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 21 Nuclear/Radiological Incident Annex  Incorporates planning basis and response methodology contained in current Federal Radiological Emergency Preparedness Plan  Maintains roles of the Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee and Regional Assistance Committees  Important Revisions  Annex applies to terrorist events  HHS lead role in population monitoring and decontamination

22 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 22 Scope of Nuc/Rad Incident Annex “ … applies to nuclear/radiological incidents, including sabotage and terrorist incidents, involving the release, or potential release, of radioactive material that poses an actual or perceived hazard to public health, safety, national security, and/or the environment.”

23 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 23 Planning Structures  Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee (FRPCC)  National-level forum for development and coordination of radiological prevention and preparedness policies and procedures  Regional Assistance Committees (RACs)  Coordinating structure at the Federal regional level

24 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 24 Operational Responsibilities  Department of Homeland Security  Overall incident manager for Incidents of National Significance  Coordinating Agencies  Facilitate the nuclear/radiological aspects of a response in support of DHS  Lead the Federal response to nuclear/radiological incidents of lesser severity  Cooperating Agencies  Provide technical and resource support to DHS and Coordinating Agencies

25 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 25 Coordinating Agency  Determined by:  Type of incident  Ownership of material/facility  Regulatory authority  Potential Coordinating Agency  Nuclear Regulatory Agency  Department of Energy  Department of Defense  Environmental Protection Agency

26 RDD Cleanup Standards

27 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 27 Background  TOPOFF 2 Highlighted Lack of Consensus on Clean-up Levels  RDD/IND Preparedness Working Group Takes Lead to Resolve Clean-up Issue  Efforts Coordinated With  Office of Science and Technology Policy  Homeland Security Council

28 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 28 Consequence Management Subgroup  Department of Homeland Security  Environmental Protection Agency  Nuclear Regulatory Commission  Department of Energy  Department of Defense  Occupational Safety and Health Administration  Centers for Disease Control

29 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 29 Sources of Guidance  National Council on Radiation Protection and Measurements  International Commission on Radiological Protection  International Atomic Energy Agency  American Nuclear Society  Health Physics Society  State Programs  Academia

30 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 30 Clean-up/Recovery Strategy  Due to Extreme Range of Potential Impacts Workgroup Determined That a Strict Numerical Approach Was Not Useful  Site-specific Remediation and Recovery Strategies Should Be Developed Using Principals of Optimization  Must Include Appropriate Stakeholders in Decision Making Process

31 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 31 Optimization  Flexible Process for  Determining Societal Objectives  Developing and Evaluating Options  Selecting the Most Acceptable Option  Public Health and Welfare  Public Acceptability  Costs and Resource Availability  Technical Feasibility  Long-term Effectiveness  Projected Land Usage  Size of Impacted Area  Type of Contamination

32 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 32 Process Overview  Goals  Transparency  Inclusiveness  Effectiveness  Key Characteristics  Flexibility  Scalability  Iterative

33 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 33 Process Implementation  Takes Place At/Near Incident Location  Utilizes Following Teams/Work Groups  Decision Making Team (DMT)  Recovery Management Team (RMT)  Stakeholder Working Group (SWG)  Technical Working Group (TWG)  Federal, State and Local Representation

34 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 34 Decision Making Team  Membership  Secretary of Department of Homeland Security  Governor of Affected State  Local Mayor, County Executive, Etc.  Responsibilities  Make Final Clean-up Decision(s)  Commit Funding and Resources  Resolve Difficult Issues or Elevate Them to the President

35 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 35 Recovery Management Team  Membership  Selected by the Decision Making Team  DHS Representative  State and Local Officials  Federal/state Lead Technical Agency  Co-chaired by State and DHS Official  Responsibilities  Provide Oversight and Guidance  Ensure Effective Wok Group Interaction  Ensure Effective Community Involvement  Prioritize Options for the Decision Making Team

36 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 36 Stakeholder Working Group (SWG)  Membership  Selected by Recovery Management Team  Federal, State, Local and Tribal Representatives  Non-government Organizations  Exact Selection and Balance Is Incident Specific  Co-chaired by State or Local and DHS Official  Responsibilities  Represent Local Needs and Desires  Provide Input on Site Restoration and Proposed Clean-up Options

37 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 37 Technical Working Group (TWG)  Membership  Selected by Recovery Management Team  Federal, State, Local, and Tribal Subject Matter Experts  Co-chaired by State and Federal Lead Technical Agencies  Responsibilities  Provide Expert Input on Economic and Technical Issues  Consider Input From Stakeholder Working Group  Review Analyses Performed by Lead Technical Agencies  Provide Reports to Recovery Management Team

38 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 38 Recovery Process  TWG Develops Options Based on SWG Input  TWG Briefs RMT and SWG on Options’ Feasibility, Costs, Strengths and Weaknesses  TWG Forwards Sound, Reasonable and Balanced Recommendation(s) to RMT  RMT Transmits Recommendation(s) to the Decision Making Team for Final Action

39 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 39 Potassium Iodide (KI)  Section 127 of Bioterrorism Act of 2002 requires that KI be made available out to 20 miles around commercial nuclear power plants  HHS will provide KI through the Strategic National Stockpile  HHS must develop guidance for KI distribution  September 2004 HHS met with DHS/FEMA, NRC, OMB and HSC to discuss plan of action  October 2004 HHS, FEMA and NRC developed draft guidance  November 2004, HHS sought comment from 46 organizations on draft guidance

40 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 40 Potassium Iodide (Cont.)  Proposed Guidance  Requests for KI would be submitted to FEMA for review and approval (State/local plans must be developed before approval)  If HHS approves request, KI is supplied  FEMA evaluates State/local capability in accordance with existing exercise evaluation methodology  Section 127 requirements do not result in changes to current emergency planning basis  Received comments from 33 organizations (20 states)  Most states did not believe that KI was needed, especially out to 20 miles  Only 4 of 20 states stated they would participate in the program  HHS, FEMA and NRC currently evaluating comments and revising proposed guidance

41 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 41 Comprehensive Review of Nuclear Reactors and Associated Facilities  Integrated review of security and emergency preparedness  Vulnerability assessments  Tactical and non-tactical response plans  Site-specific and industry-wide analysis  Applies to:  Operating commercial nuclear reactors  Decommissioned reactors  Spent fuel storage  Other fuel cycle facilities

42 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 42 Authorities  Homeland Security Presidential Directive 7 – Critical Infrastructure Identification, Prioritization, and Protection  National Infrastructure Protection Plan  Public Law 108-293 – Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Act of 2004  Public Law 107-295 – Maritime Transportation Act of 2002

43 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 43 Inter-agency/Industry Partnership  Department of Homeland Security  Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection  United States Coast Guard  Federal Emergency Management Agency  Nuclear Regulatory Commission  Federal Bureau of Investigation  Department of Energy  Nuclear Energy Institute

44 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 44 Comprehensive Review Objectives  Identify opportunities for enhancing the level of protection for the Nation’s critical infrastructure  Permit comparisons of risks and level of preparedness  Within each sector  Across all sectors  Provide information that can be used to allocate limited Federal resources according to level of risk and consequences

45 Craig Conklin April 12, 2005 45 Craig Conklin (202) 646-3030 Craig.Conklin@DHS.GOV


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