Presentation on theme: "Michael Holland Chief of Staff Center for Urban Science & Progress New York University September 25, 2013 Buying Science Wholesale: Dynamics of the Federal."— Presentation transcript:
Michael Holland Chief of Staff Center for Urban Science & Progress New York University September 25, 2013 Buying Science Wholesale: Dynamics of the Federal R&D Budget
The Fiscal 2014 budget INCOME: $3 TrillionSPENDING: $3.6 Trillion
Defense: -5.5% Nondefense: +9.2%
Department of Energy Science Fossil Energy NNSA (1) Budget Request (3) Appeal (2) Passback The Budget Process “Budget Season”: September – January Guidance Budget Authority $ Agency Request Target Passback Request Enacted FY14 FY13 FY14 The White House OMB The White House OMB
Department of Energy Science Fossil Energy NNSA The White House OMB The Budget Process Appropriations: February – September (?) Budget Resolution Top Line & Function Congress House Senate Approps SAPs Hearings President’s Budget Request 302(b) Allocation To Approps Subs Floor Vote Subcommittee Markup Committee Markup Conference
5 Resource Management Offices (RMOs) DOE, NSF NASA, USDA USGS, EPA Smithsonian Natural Resource Programs 6.1, 6.2, NNSA, VA National Security Programs NIST, NOAA DOT, DHS General Government Programs OMB’s Competitive Environment * OMB DIRECTOR vs. National Parks, Forest Service, Army Corps, crop insurance vs. Justice, HUD, Treasury, FDIC, Transportation, GSA vs. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, Intel, State Dept., USAID, VA ≈$38B/$112B= 34%≈ $5B/$276= 2%≈ $76B/$891B= 8% *includes mandatory and discretionary spending ≈ $32B/$929= 4%
12 Appropriation Subcommittees each DOE (SC, FE, EERE, NE, NNSA) Energy & Water 6.1, 6.2 Defense NIH, Ed Labor/HHS/Ed NASA, NSF, NIST, NOAA Commerce, Justice, Science House & Senate Appropriations Committees Appropriations’ Competitive Environment vs. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, Weapons Systems Procurement, Intelligence vs. US Attorneys, FBI, DEA, State & Local Law Enforcement, Prisons, PTO vs. Pell Grants, JobCorps, Vocational Rehab, Foster Care, Head Start, CDC, Ryan White & Block Grants vs. NNSA, Army Corps, Bureau of Reclamation, Yucca Mtn, NRC, Environmental Mgmt. ≈ $10B/$30B=33% ≈ $32B/$122B=26% ≈ $32B/$63B=50%≈ $68B/$512B=13%
Authorization ≠ Appropriation
“on average every year there was a one in three chance that these programs would receive a funding change (increase or decrease) greater than 27%.” 9 Narayanamurti, Venkatesh, Laura D. Anadon, and Ambuj D. Sagar, Institutions for Energy Innovation: A Transformational Challenge. Cambridge, Mass.: Report from the Science, Technology and Public Policy Program, Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School, Fall, 2009.
The goal is to tell a story your audience will find compelling.
Research Program (Competitive) Agency (Corporate) Political (Macro) Society Disciplines Societal Demands Defense Energy Economic Security Health Environment Food/Water Discovery VALUE Scientific Opportunities AMO, bio, nano, NP, EPP, Astro cosmology MERIT Context, Context, Context
ScaLeS What could you do with 100X more computing power? Making the Wrong Point HECRTF What does high-end computing need?
Making the Right Point SciDAC How can high-end software be most effectively developed to deliver scientific results?
FESAC Priorities & Balance Fusion Energy Development ITER Performance Extension Proof of Principle Concept Exploration Advanced Stellarator Advanced Tokamak Spherical Torus Spheromak Cost ???
The Easiest Tale: DOE Suite of X-Ray Synchrotron Light Sources
Seitz-Eastman, 1984 Putting It in the Agency Context NAS Study called for: –A 6 GeV synchrotron light source –An advanced steady state neutron source –A 1-2 GeV synchrotron light source –A high-intensity pulsed neutron source
The “Trivelpiece Plan” In 1986, Director of Energy Research crafts a solution: –Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) –A 1-2 GeV synchrotron light source (ALS) –A 6 GeV synchrotron light source (APS) –An advanced steady state neutron source (ANS) A high-intensity pulsed neutron source (SNS) was eventually substituted
Highly Productive Suite of DOE Light Sources SSRL, NSLS: pre-existing APS, ALS: “Trivelpiece Plan”
Birgeneau-Shen, 1997 ALS in trouble …With Systematic Evaluation Petroff report, 2000 ALS fixed
Resources Office of Management & Budget Library of Congress: Status of Appropriations Legislation AAAS R&D Budget and Policy Program Center on Budget & Policy Priorities Congressional Research Service, Budget Control Act of 2011, R41965