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Building and Implementing a Robust Safety Management Framework - A Regulator's Perspective Building and Implementing a Robust Safety Management Framework.

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Presentation on theme: "Building and Implementing a Robust Safety Management Framework - A Regulator's Perspective Building and Implementing a Robust Safety Management Framework."— Presentation transcript:

1 Building and Implementing a Robust Safety Management Framework - A Regulator's Perspective Building and Implementing a Robust Safety Management Framework - A Regulator's Perspective August 2013 Michael Daniel, PMP FAA Senior Manager (Retired) Proud Member Flight Safety Foundation Michael Daniel, PMP FAA Senior Manager (Retired) Proud Member Flight Safety Foundation

2 Raising The Bar 2 Overview ◢ What SMS is to Regulators ◢ What Regulators Are Applying ◢ What Service Providers Should Do ◢ FAA & EASA on SMS ◢ Recommendations Risk Uncertainty Premises 1.There are known knowns; there are things we know that we know 2.There are known unknowns; meaning, there are things that we now know we don’t know 3.There are also unknown unknowns; there are thing we do not know we don’t know

3 3 ICAO Safety Management Framework Accountabilities WHAT IS REQUIRED Policy Procedures ACTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHO IS RESPONSIBLE HOW IS IT ACHIEVED Principles Annex 19 reinforces the role played by States in managing aviation safety, stressing the concept of overall safety performance in all domains in coordination with service providers. Gravitas

4 4  Recommendations for Amendment to Annex 19 - Due 4 Quarter 2014  Guidance material due in 2014 and 2016  States need to file differences by October 2013 The Evolving Annex 19 Opportunities for Improvement

5 5 Safety Management Manual (Doc 9859 3 rd Ed) Restructured according to the SSP and SMS frameworks. Its Objective is to provide States and Product/Service providers with: An overview of accepted safety management fundamentals. A summary of ICAO SARPs. Guidance on the ICAO harmonized State Safety Programme (SSP) framework and its implementation and operation. Guidance for product and service providers on Safety Management System (SMS) framework and its implementation and operation. (i.e. SMS Policy, SMS Manager Position, Sample PD’s, Gap Analysis)

6 6 The Regulator: Change in Role and Position State Safety Plan (SSP) :  Responsible for regulations  Responsible for periodic or special on-site audits of the SMS including verification of procedures Basic Role of the Regulator:  To agree key safety standards and principles  To ensure national standards meet international  To resist unacceptable shortcuts to safety  To ensure service providers have appropriate safety measures in place (including SMS)  To monitor overall safety performance  To ensure implementation of remedial actions

7 7 A structured means of safety risk management decision making A means of demonstrating safety management capability before system failures occur Increased confidence in risk controls though structured safety assurance processes An effective interface for knowledge sharing between regulator and certificate holder A safety promotion framework to support a sound safety culture Regulator Basic Expectations of Safety Management

8 8 The Regulator(s) Can Present Several Challenges to The Service Provider Examples of Different Regulator Applications:  Requiring Two Accountable Managers  Not Designating an SMS Manager for Large Organizations  Performing SMS Audits (On-Site)  Not Performing Audits  Approving SMS Manuals  Accepting SMS Manuals  Accepting Manuals Approved by Other Authorities  Requiring SMS as part of QMS  Not Requiring or Enforcing SMS

9 9 Does the SSP enforcement policy include provision to protect the sources of information obtained from voluntary incident reporting systems? [3.4.8(d); App 3; App 11] The Regulator’s Enforcement Policy – Disclosure of Safety Data And De-conflict Enforcement Policies with Accident/Incident Policies!

10 10 Quality and Safety Management Key Points  QMS and SMS – Common Methods and Techniques, but different Objectives: QMS Objective is Customer Satisfaction SMS Objective is Aviation Safety Focused  Not required to have a QMS, but if an entity does have one, it cannot conflict with SMS Role of the Safety Manager: What are the Regulators Requiring? Is it Safety or Quality? At What Level? "It is how the tools and techniques are used, along with a focus on investigation of events, which makes the quality and safety management systems different. The quality systems do not investigate incidents or accidents for risk assessment. Quality systems audit output of a process only for variance, and makes adjustments. SMS investigates events, looking for contributing factors from all influencing sources." Source: "Flight Safety Information February 12, 2010 No.034

11 11 What Service Providers Should Do ? Service providers should demonstrate a proactive and systematic approach to its stakeholders Provide comments suggestions to ICAO, Regulators, Associations The use by industry of SMS is an increasingly necessary basis for fulfilling service-providers’ safety responsibilities. Service Provider:  Responsible for ensuring safety  Responsible for complying with SARPS  Responsible for showing to the Regulators that they are managing safety  Group Consensus Collaboration  Use Industry Tools (i.e. CAST – Safety Enhancements

12 12  1 State Safety Program (SSP) Overview  2 FAA SMS Overview  3 FAA SMS and the Aviation Industry  4 International Collaboration What the FAA is doing

13 13 What the FAA is doing

14 14 USA SSP The US FAA responsibilities include most of SSP requirements. Other US government organizations, such as National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB), will also need to be included in the US SSP USA meets the intent of most of ICAO SSP requirements (i.e. ATOS, VDRP, FOQA)  Differences Filed!

15 15 Additional SSP Activities USA elected to further enhance SSP by incorporating SMS concepts into:  Joint Planning and Development Office (JPDO) SMS Standard  Department of Transportation (DOT) SMS Guidance  FAA SMS Policy and Guidance  Office of Aviation Safety (AVS) SMS Requirements Order  Office of Rule Making SMS Order  FAA AVS and Airports SMS rulemaking activities

16 16 FAA SMS Overview

17 17

18 18 FAA SMS Order

19 19 FAA Risk Management

20 20 How the FAA Regulators Will Approach Safety Oversight

21 21

22 22 New FAA Part 5 Pending Issuance In executive coordination at this point and with Office of Management & Budget OMB Pilot Projects

23 23

24 24 Safety Management International Collaboration Group (SM ICG) Purpose: to promote a common understanding of safety management principles and requirements, facilitating their application across the international aviation community – Collaborate on common SMS/SSP topics of interest – Share lessons learned – Encourage the progression of a harmonized SMS – Share products with the aviation community – Collaboration with international organizations such as ICAO and civil aviation authorities

25 25 SM ICG Products and Outputs Harmonized SMS requirements and safety oversight processes and measures Guidance material for regulatory authorities and industry Standard terminology and hazard taxonomy Knowledge sharing between authorities

26 26 SM ICG Areas of Focus Documentation Best practices Guidance and tools for industry and other authorities Safety behaviour assessment tools Training and promotion material Measurements Safety performance measurement framework Methodology for setting safety performance expectations (SMS and SSP) Process for identifying risk acceptance/thresholds within safety risk management (SRM) Standardization Common taxonomy for hazards Data analysis and sharing processes Comparison and alignment of international SMS and SSP terminology Others Data sharing State Safety Programme Cost and benefits Manufacturer requirements (challenges/questions regarding Annex 8)

27 27 FAA & EASA SMS Requirements for Foreign Operators?  FAA can only apply SMS provisions to Foreign Operators under FAR Part 129.  SMS requirements can only applied to the level of FAA compliance to ICAO SARPs.  Currently Not in FAA IASA Program Regulation (EC) No 216/2008 and Part-TCO EASA Third Country Evaluation Phase For operators in category A, the process will consist of a straight-forward desktop file review. Operators who have been grouped into categories B and C are required to provide additional information online including at least: - compliance statements with a set of selected ICAO SARPS, including references to the applicant’s operations manual; - additional information that will enable the Agency to prepare for the assessment in the areas airworthiness, operations and safety management; -a statement of the competent authority of the applicant confirming that all information is true and correct Basic Viewpoint “Equivalent Level of Safety”

28 28 12/JUL/2013: EASA Committee votes favourably on the EASA TCO proposal. The meeting of The EASA Committee took place in Brussels from Wednesday 10 to Friday 12 July, during which the proposal for a Commission Regulation on Third Country Operators (TCO) was adopted. The proposal will now undergo European Parliament and European Council scrutiny, and its final adoption and publication by the European Commission is expected before the end of 2013. And Other Authorities? - It may vary from requiring IATA IOSA Registration to having an Authority Approved Safety Management Program

29 29 With Reference to EASA SSP

30 30 Some Recommendations ◢ 1 st Conform with Home Authority’s SMS Reqmts. ◢ Have strong policy statement driven (ICAO template) ◢ Perform Continual Gap and SWOT Analysis ◢ Provide comments suggestions to ICAO, Regulators, Associations, SM ICG ◢ Have strong internal SMS audit program ◢ Third party audits on occasion and

31 Structure in SMS Vertical Alignment International Standards ICAO International Standards (Annex 19) Regulatory Safety Requirements Corporate Policy Corporate Policy Aligned CEO/Accountable Manager Statement Department Alignment Organization Department Safety/Position Description Alignment Processes-Procedures Alignment Head of Section Head of Section Safety/Position Description Alignment Procedures/Forms-Template/Task Alignment 31

32 32 SMS Effectiveness Realization 2009 SMS ICAO Standard Expected Effective Implementation New Annex 19 EffectivenessEffectiveness

33 33 Michael Daniel, PMP FAA Senior Manager (Retired) Michael Daniel, PMP FAA Senior Manager (Retired) Useful Links

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