Presentation on theme: "Unit 5: The Executive Branch"— Presentation transcript:
1 Unit 5: The Executive Branch The Executive Office
2 The Cabinet:Main Idea: Introduction to The Executive Office of the PresidentNotes:The Executive Office of the President (EOP) is made of up of people and agencies that make if possible for the President to carry out his job.
3 The Cabinet:Main Idea: Introduction to The Executive Office of the President (cont’d.)Notes:President’s will use the agencies and people of the EOP to give advice, and assistance in decision making as well as to help the President better control the Executive Branch.
4 The Cabinet: Main Idea: The Executive Office Agencies Notes: President Franklin D. Roosevelt created Executive Office Agencies in 1939, because of the overwhelming task of directing the US out of the Great Depression, using the Reorganization Act of 1939.
5 The Cabinet: Main Idea: The Executive Office Agencies (cont’d.) Notes: The Executive Office Agencies today include:StaffOffice of Management and Budget (OMB)National Security Council (NSC)Council of Economic AdvisorsOther agencies
6 The Cabinet: Main Idea: Staff Notes: The Executive Office has grown over time for 3 reasons:every president has made changes to the EOPsociety continues to change and become more complextoday’s huge federal programs require executive departments and agencies to work together.
7 The Cabinet: Main Idea: Staff (cont’d.) Notes: There are more than 1,500 full-time staff members that serve in the EOP.Executive Office staff members include attorneys, scientists, social scientists, and other highly technical or professional personnel.
8 The Cabinet: Main Idea: The Office of Management and Budget Notes: The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is the largest executive agency.The secretary of this department is usually a trusted ally of the President and is tasked with the responsibility of preparing the national budget.
9 The Cabinet: Main Idea: The Office of Management and Budget (cont’d.) Notes:Every year departments must submit their requests to the OMB for approval and to be included in the President’s annual budget proposal to Congress.The OMB will review all legislative proposals by other agencies (central clearance) before they are submitted to Congress. This is to make sure that the request fit with the President’s agenda.
10 The Cabinet: Main Idea: The National Security Council Notes: The National Security Council (NSC) was created to advise the President and help coordinate American military and foreign policyHeaded by the PresidentCouncil includes: VP, Secretary of State, and Secretary of Defense.The National Security Adviser directs all NSC staff.
11 The Cabinet: Main Idea: The Council of Economic Advisers Notes: The Council of Economic Advisers helps the President make the nation’s economic policy.The council monitors the nations economic development, proposes solutions to specific problems, and helps prepare the Economic Report of the President which is annually reported to Congress.
12 The Cabinet: Main Idea: Other Agencies Notes: The President determines the need for agencies and some President’s use more than others.
13 The Cabinet: Main Idea: Other Agencies (cont’d.) Notes: Some other agencies include:Office of Economic Opportunity: implements domestic programs.Domestic Policy Council: helps the Pres. plan and carry out long range domestic policy plans (farming and energy)National Economic Council: helps carry out long range economic plans.Office of Environmental Policy: advises the Pres. on environmental issues.Environmental Protection Agency: works with the OEP (above).The Office of Science and Technology Policy: informs the Pres. on scientific and technological policy issues.Office of the United States Trade Representative: negotiates trade agreements with other nations.