Presentation on theme: "Created by Article II of the Constitution"— Presentation transcript:
1Created by Article II of the Constitution QUALIFICATIONSPRESIDENTIALROLESPRESIDENTIALPOWERSTHE EXECUTIVEBRANCHCreated by Article II of the ConstitutionEXECUTIVEOFFICESVICE PRESIDENTSDUTIESPRESIDENTIALSUCCESSION
2PRESIDENTIAL QUALIFICATIONS TO BE THE PRESIDENT YOU MUST FILL ALLOF THE FORMAL REQUIREMENTS.AGE35CITIZENSHIPNATURAL BORNU.S. CITIZENRESIDENCYHAVE LIVED IN THE U.S. AT LEAST 14 YEARS
3POWERS OF THE PRESIDENT MILITARYPOWERSEXECUTIVEPOWERSLEGISLATIVEPOWERSDIPLOMATICPOWERSJUDICIALPOWERS
4EXECUTIVE POWERSEXECUTIVE POWERS ARE THOSE POWERS THE PRESIDENT HAS AND USES TO MAKE SURE THAT FEDERAL LAW IS CARRIED OUT. THEY INCLUDE:EXECUTINGTHE LAWAPPOINTING POWERORDINANCE POWERREMOVAL POWER
5EXECUTING THE LAWTHE PRESIDENT HAS THE JOB, RESPONSIBILITY AND DUTY TO MAKE SURE THAT ALL LAWS ARE ENFORCED AND ADMINISTERED, AS PER THE CONSTITUTION:ARTICLE II, SECTION 1, CLAUSE 8 (THE PRESIDENTIAL OATH)ARTCLE II, SECTION 3, CALLED THE “TAKE CARE” POWER
6The ORDINANCE POWER* The President has the power to issue executive orders.*An EXECUTIVE ORDER is a directive, rule, or regulation that has the effect of law. While the order is not an actual law, it is treated like one.*This power is given to the President from two sources: the Constitution and Congress.
7THE APPOINTING POWERThe President has the power to appoint nearly three million federal civilian employees.Once the President receives the consent of the Senate, he appoints most of the top-ranking officials in the Federal Government.SENATORIAL COURTESY – Presidential Appointments Need Appointees Home Senators ApprovalSome examples are: federal judges, cabinet members, heads of independent agencies, and officers of the military.
8THE REMOVAL POWER*The President can remove anyone from office who he has appointed.*The only restriction on this power is that the President cannot remove Supreme Court Justices from the bench.*Three major reasons for removal are: inefficiency in office, neglect of duty, or inappropriate behavior.
9POWER OF EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS DIPLOMATIC POWERSTHE PRESIDENTS DIPLOMATIC POWERS ARE AMONG HIS MOST POWERFUL. THEY INCLUDE:POWER TO MAKE TREATIESPOWER OF EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTSPOWER OF RECOGNITION
10POWER TO MAKE TREATIES*treaty=formal agreement between two or more sovereign states*The President usually negotiates treaties through the Secretary of State.*The Senate must give approval for these international agreements with a 2/3 vote.
11POWER OF EXECUTIVE AGREEMENTS Executive Agreements are like treaties in that they are agreements between the President and foreign leaders or their subordinates. They are different in that they do not require the approval of the Senate. They usually stem out of previous legislation, or a previous treaty.
12THE POWER OF RECOGNITION *The President, representing the United States, acknowledges the legal existence of that country and its government.*This recognition is not permanent. It can change with revolutions or changes in government.*This recognition can make or break the survival of a new country.
13MILITARY POWERS*During wartime, the President can make critical decisions that he feels is necessary for wartime AS COMMANDER IN CHIEF.*The President also has the power to send troops into combat, without approval by Congress. This is referred to as undeclared war.*Finally, the President can use troops for domestic peace within the United States.
14LEGISLATIVE POWERS*The President possesses the power to submit OR RECOMMEND ideas to Congress.*The President gives a “State of the Union” address each year, where he presents ideas for new legislation to Congress.THE PRESIDENT ALSO HAS:THE POWER OF VETO*FINALLY THE PRESIDENT HAS THE POWER TO CALL SPECIAL SESSIONS OF CONGRESS IF A PRESSING MATTER OCCOURS.
15THE POWER OF VETO*When a bill is presented to the President, he can do one of four things:1. Sign it and pass the law,2. Veto the law,3. While Congress is in session, he can not touch the bill and it will pass in 10 days4. Pocket veto, or while Congress is not in session, he can not touch the bill and it will not pass.
16JUDICIAL POWERSACCORDING TO ARTICLE II, SECTION 2, CLAUSE 1 THE PRESIDENT HAS THE POWER TO ISSUE:PARDON – ISSUED BY THE PRESIDENT IT IS LEGAL FORGIVENESS FOR A CRIMEAMNESTY – ISSUED BY THE PRESIDENT IT IS A PARDON FOR A LARGE GROUP OF PEOPLE REPRIEVE – ISSUED BY THE PRESIDENT IT IS POSTPONING A SENTENCE COMMUTATION- ISSUED BY THE PRESIDENT IT IS A REDUCTION OF A SENTENCE
17ROLES OF THE PRESIDENT CHIEF EXECUTIVE CHIEF DIPLOMAT CHIEF LEGISLATOR CITIZENCOMMANDERIN CHIEFCHIEF OFSTATECHIEF OFPARTYCHIEFADMINISTRATOR
18CHIEF EXECUTIVEThe president is the chief executive, empowered to administerthe laws and affairs of the nation. While the president does notmake the laws, his agencies have the responsibility and authority to carry out the laws.Examples in this role1. Appointing the head of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA).2. Holding a Cabinet meeting to discuss government business.3. Reading Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) reports on thestate of national security1. Which recent executive orders have impacted the state of thenation?2. What article in the Constitution grants the president executivepower?
19CHIEF DIPLOMATBeing a diplomat involves interacting with leaders from othernations. The president takes the lead in foreign relations byassociating with foreign leaders and, along with the help ofCongress, develops a foreign policy with other nations.Examples in this role1. Traveling to London to meet with the British prime minister.2. Working with leaders in the Middle East in an effort to createa peace plan for the region.1. Which foreign leaders has the president recently hosted at theWhite House? Which nations has the president recently visited?2. What have been the motivating reasons for these visits?3. Which countries have been traditional allies of the UnitedStates? Do these friendly relationships remain strong today?
20CHIEF LEGISLATORThough the president cannot make laws, he can voice his ownideas and opinions to Congress while they draft legislation.He does this through speeches promoting his agenda and bymeeting with Congress to discuss policies.Examples in this role1. Signing or vetoing a bill passed by Congress.2. Working to get enough House or Senate votes for a bill to bepassed through each respective house.3.Making a speech in Congress.1. Name one controversial piece of legislation that the presidenthas pushed through Congress.2. How has the president pushed his plan for healthcare?
21CHIEF OF STATEThe president's role as chief of state is to represent the United States at public events. This is mainly a ceremonial role that allows the president to promote/convey/represent American values and acknowledge others who do the same.Examples in this role1. Awarding medals to students receiving academic honors.2. Congratulating astronauts upon their return from space travel.3. Greeting visitors to the White House.4. Delivering the State of the Union Address.1. When has a president visited U.S. cities in distress?2. How would a president play the role of chief of state duringwartime?
22COMMANDER IN CHIEFThe president is the commander-in-chief of the U.S. armed forces. That means all of the military leaders report to and take orders from the president. The president performs this duty as a civilian, someone who is not in military service.Examples in this role1. Inspecting a Navy yard.2. Deciding, in wartime, whether to bomb foreign cities.3. Calling out the National Guard to stop a riot.1. What is the benefit of having a civilian who is an elected public official as the commander-in chief?2. What might be some of the drawbacks?
23CHIEF OF PARTYIn this role, the president helps members of his political party get elected or appointed to office. The president campaigns for those members who have supported his policies. At the end of a term the president may campaign for reelection with his party’s support.Examples in this role1. Choosing leading party members to serve in the Cabinet.2. Traveling to California to speak at a rally for a party nominee to the U.S. Senate.1. To what political party does the current president belong?2. In what ways can a sitting president work on behalf of his party?3. In what ways can the president's party continue to work on hisbehalf?
24CHIEF ADMINISTRATORThe president also has to be the chief administrator, meaningto manage the fifteen executive depts. and federal agencies,such as NASA, and to help carry out those policies. Being thechief administrator is an enormous task because the executivedepartments employ around 1.8 million employees every year.Even millions more are employed by the postal service andother government agencies
25CHIEF CITIZENThis role of the President infers that he is the moral leaderand figurehead of the United States.As a representative of the nation's people, the presidentautomatically assumes the role of its chief citizen, orpopular leader. This role requires that the presidentmaintains a certain trust with the people, since it is his/herduty to work for the public interest. In addition, thepresident must place the nation's best interests above theinterests of any one group or citizen. Some examples areeducating citizens on important issues, leading by example,and concentrating on issues that affect American citizens.
26EXECUTIVE OFFICES“The President’s right arm”as it is referred to is the several offices that are staffed by the President’s closest advisors, and are designed to help the President make, and enforce policy. They include:NATIONALSECURITYCOUNCILOFFICE OFMANAGEMENTAND BUDGETOFFICE OFNATIONAL DRUGCONTROL POLICYCOUNCIL OFECONOMICADVISORSCABINETOTHERS
27NATIONAL SECURITY COUNCIL The National Security Council is the President's principal forum for considering national security and foreign policy matters with his senior national security advisors and cabinet officials. Since its inception under President Truman, the function of the Council has been to advise and assist the President on national security and foreign policies. The Council also serves as the President's principal arm for coordinating these policies among various government agencies.
28OFFICE OF MANAGEMENT AND BUDGET OMB's predominant mission is to assist the President in overseeing the preparation of the federal budget and to supervise its administration in Executive Branch agencies. In addition, OMB oversees and coordinates the Administration's financial management, information, and regulatory policies.
29OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY The principal purpose of ONDCP is to establish policies, priorities, and objectives for the Nation's drug control program. The goals of the program are to reduce illicit drug use, manufacturing, and trafficking, drug-related crime and violence, and drug-related health consequences. To achieve these goals, the Director of ONDCP is charged with producing the National Drug Control Strategy. The Strategy directs the Nation's anti-drug efforts and establishes a program, a budget, and guidelines for cooperation among Federal, State, and local entities.
30COUNCIL OF ECONOMIC ADVISORS The CEA was established by the Employment Act of 1946 to provide the President with objective economic analysis and advice on the development and implementation of a wide range of domestic and international economic policy issues.
31CABINETThe tradition of the Cabinet dates back to the beginnings of the Presidency itself. One of the principal purposes of the Cabinet (drawn from Article II, Section 2 of the Constitution) is to advise the President on any subject he may require relating to the duties of their respective offices.The Cabinet includes the Vice President and, by law, the heads of 15 executive departments-the Secretaries of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, Treasury, and Veterans Affairs, and the Attorney General.
32OTHER OFFICESThe other offices of the Executive Branch are as varied as they are in numbers. Some of the other areas include:Office of Policy Development - Advises President on domestic concernsNational Space Council-Advises President on civil and military efforts in spaceCouncil on Environmental Quality- Aids the President on environmental policy matters.Office of U.S. Trade Representatives – Advises the President on matters of foreign trade.Office of Science and Technology- Advises on all scientific, engineering, and technology advances.
33VICE PRESIDENTIAL DUTIES BY CONSTITUTION THE VICE PRESIDENT HAS ONLY TWO FORMAL DUTIES:PRESIDE OVER THE SENATEHELP DECIDE THE QUESTION OF PRESIDENTIAL DISABILITYPRESIDENTIAL DISABILITY IS WHEN THE PRESIDENT IS UNABLE TO CARRY OUT HIS DUTIESTHE ONLY OTHER ASSUMED PURPOSE OF THE VICE PRESIDENT IS TO BE A PRESIDENT IN WAITING.
34PRESIDENTIAL SUCCESSION IS THE ORDER IN WHICH INFERIOR OFFICERS CAN BE PROMOTED TO THE OFFICE OF PRESIDENT IN CASE OF A VACANCY. THE CURRENT SYSTEM WAS ESTABLISHED BY THE 25TH AMENDMENT AND CURRENTLY HAS 18 POSITIONS. HERE ARE THE FIRST 10.1VICE PRESIDENT6SECRETARY OF DEFENSE2SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE7ATTORNEY GENERAL3PRESIDENT PRO TEMPORE8SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR4SECRETARY OF STATE9SECRETARY OF AGRICULTURE5SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY10SECRETARY OF COMMERCE
35Executive Office of the President PolicyDevelopmentOfficeOfManagementAndBudgetWhiteHouseStaffOfficeofTheVicePresidentNationalSecurityCouncilCouncilOfEconomicAdvisorsOfficeOfAdministrationOfficeOfScienceAndTechnologyPolicyOfficeOfThe USTradeRepresentativeOfficeOfNationalDrugCouncilPolicyCouncilOfEnvironmentalQuality
36Presidential Benefits The First U.S. Congress voted to pay George Washington a salary of $25,000 a year — a significant sum in Washington, already a successful man, refused to accept his salary.Since 2001, the President has earned a salary of $400,000 a year.
37Presidential Benefits The President's salary serves as a cap for all other federalofficials, such as the Chief Justice. In order to raise thesalaries of the other federal employees, the President'ssalary had to be raised as well.
38Presidential Benefits Modern Presidents enjoy many non-salary benefits such as living and working in the spacious White House mansion in Washington, DC. While traveling, the President is able to conduct all the functions of the office aboard several specially built Boeing 747s, which take the call sign Air Force One.
40Presidential Benefits The President travels around Washington in anarmored Cadillac limousine, equipped with bullet-proofwindows and tires and a self-contained ventilationsystem in the event of a biological or chemical attack.When traveling longer distances around the Washingtonarea or on presidential trips, the President travels aboardthe presidential helicopter.
42Presidential Benefits When traveling longer distances around the Washington area or on presidential trips, the President travels aboardthe presidential helicopter, which takes the call signMarine One when the president is aboard.
43Presidential Benefits The President hasfull use of CampDavid in Maryland,a sprawling retreat occasionally usedas a casual settingfor hosting foreign dignitaries.
44Presidential Benefits The President and his family are protected at all times by an extensive Secret Service detail. Until 1997, allformer Presidents and their families were protected bythe Secret Service until the President's death.
45Presidential Benefits Presidents continue to enjoy other benefits after leaving office such as free mailing privileges, free office space, the right to hold a diplomatic passport and budgets for office help and staff assistance
46Review QuestionsWhat are the three qualifications for someone to be president?What is the President’s Senatorial Courtesy mean?What Article of the Constitution do you find the powers ofthe President?Can the President remove a Supreme Court Justice?The President has the power to make a treaty. What is a treaty?What military powers does the President have?Since the President has the power to pardon someone, what powerdoes the president have? (Legislative, Judicial, or Removal Power)Since the President has the power to establish foreign policywith other nations, what role is he serving?
47Review QuestionsWhich role of the president says that the President is thehead of the national government?The President is the “boss” of government employees. What roleis he serving?The group of people that is made up of his closest advisors ishis ___________________________If the President is unable to fulfill his duties, who takes his place?Which Amendment established Presidential succession?Which cabinet secretary is first in line before all other cabinetsecretaries?
48Some terms to know and apply Amendment 20Amendment 22Amendment 25PresidentVice-PresidentCabinetTreatyVetoReprieveAmnestyCommutationPardon