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1 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Identity in Cyberspace: Improving Trust via Public-Private Partnerships Jeremy Grant Senior Executive.

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Presentation on theme: "1 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Identity in Cyberspace: Improving Trust via Public-Private Partnerships Jeremy Grant Senior Executive."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Identity in Cyberspace: Improving Trust via Public-Private Partnerships Jeremy Grant Senior Executive Advisor, Identity Management National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

2 2 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace 1.Learn about the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace (NSTIC) 2.Discuss how a government initiative can help taxpayers and return preparers improve online trust, reduce fraud and create enhanced customer experiences 3.Discuss the role your firm can play in advancing the use of Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Why We’re Here Today

3 3 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Called for in President’s Cyberspace Policy Review (May 2009): a “cybersecurity focused identity management vision and strategy…that addresses privacy and civil-liberties interests, leveraging privacy-enhancing technologies for the nation.”” Guiding Principles Privacy-Enhancing and Voluntary Secure and Resilient Interoperable Cost-Effective and Easy To Use NSTIC calls for an Identity Ecosystem, “an online environment where individuals and organizations will be able to trust each other because they follow agreed upon standards to obtain and authenticate their digital identities.” What is NSTIC?

4 4 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Usernames and passwords are broken Most people have 25 different passwords, or use the same one over and over Example: reuse of IRS PINs is prevalent Even strong passwords are vulnerable…criminals have many paths to easily capture “keys to the kingdom” Rising costs of identity theft – 11.6M U.S. victims (+13% YoY) in 2011 at a cost of $37 billion – 67% increase in # of Americans impacted by data breaches in 2011 (Source: Javelin Strategy & Research) – Indications of extensive and increasing tax fraud through ID theft Burden: taxpayers cannot remember how to eFile From the 2011 ETA AC Report: “A 15 – 20% [return] reject rate is unacceptable... The most notorious cause of rejects is the current identity proofing mechanism – the AGI/PIN signature.” Improved Security and Ease-of-Use Needed The Problem Today

5 5 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace The Problem Today Source: 2012 Data Breach Investigations Report, Verizon and USSS 2011: 5 of the top 6 attack vectors are tied to passwords 2010: 4 of the top 10

6 6 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Identities are difficult to verify over the internet Numerous government services still must be conducted in person or by mail, leading to continual rising costs for state, local and federal governments Electronic health records could save billions, but can’t move forward without solving authentication challenge for providers and individuals Many transactions, such as signing an auto loan or a mortgage, are still considered too risky to conduct online due to liability risks The Problem Today New Yorker, July 5, 1993New Yorker, September 12, 2005Rob Cottingham, June 23, 2007

7 7 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Privacy remains a challenge Individuals often must provide more personally identifiable information (PII) than necessary for a particular transaction –This data is often stored, creating “honey pots” of information for cybercriminals to pursue Individuals have few practical means to control use of their information The Problem Today

8 8 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Personal Data is Abundant…and Growing

9 9 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Trusted Identities provide a foundation Economic benefits Improved privacy standards Enhanced security TRUSTED IDENTITIES Fight cybercrime and identity theft Increased consumer confidence Offer citizens more control over when and how data is revealed Share minimal amount of information Enable new types of transactions online Reduce costs for sensitive transactions Improve customer experiences

10 10 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace File taxes online with e-signature Trustworthy critical service delivery Security ‘built-into’ system to reduce user error Privately post location to her friends Secure Sign-On to state DMV website Online shopping with minimal sharing of PII Vision: January 1, 2014 The Identity Ecosystem: Individuals can choose among multiple identity providers and digital credentials for convenient, secure, and privacy-enhancing transactions anywhere, anytime.

11 11 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Federal Identity, Credential, and Access Management (FICAM) Certified “Level of Assurance 3” (LOA3) credentials for authentication provide the “high confidentiality in the asserted identity’s validity” which is required for eFiling and other IRS applications* Certified LOA3 credentials can be issued online Two-factor authentication leverages “something you have” like a smartcard, cell-phone, thumb-drive, or computer, with “something you know” like a PIN or password. Example: ATMs use two-factor authentication Reduce Fraud with Strong Authentication *OMB Memorandum 04 04/NIST Special Publication An ID thief would have to physically possess the credential device as well as the PIN or password, hugely crippling their capability and preventing ID theft upfront.

12 12 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Shift in Taxpayer and Return Preparer Authentication Currently:With NSTIC: Proprietary Certified, Standardized, Interoperable, Multifactor Once a year, taxpayer needs to remember last year’s PIN, AGI, etc. to authenticate. Incorrect entry results in rejection of return Authentication done like all secure online transactions, so becomes something TP does regularly. Customer authentication problems handled by the credential provider. For taxpayer returns, IRS “looks back”: verifies TP is ID theft victim, then mitigates damage ID theft prevented upfront, so nothing to mitigate

13 13 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Verizon Universal Identity Service (UIS) The only current commercial provider of FICAM-certified credentials that provide LOA3 “high confidence in the asserted identity’s validity” as well as LOA2 “some confidence.” Verizon certified to do the ID proofing, credential issuance, and online authentication, plus optionally the verification of other- party approved credentials. Other credential providers in the pipeline for LOA3 certification

14 14 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace UIS Online Registration and Authentication Initial online credential registration requires: 1.Record match of name, SSN, DOB, address, telephone # 2.Answer 5-question KBA quiz within 2 minutes 3.Possession of registered telephone to receive OTP Once registered can provide additional devices for authentication Authentication for each online transaction requires: 1.Username and password 2.Possession of registered device

15 15 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Advantages of aligning with NSTIC and FICAM 1.Very fast adoption of LOA3 by public – Leverages currently owned devices in public’s hands (vs. provisioning a new physical credential) – Registration can be done on-line. 2.High security from Two-Factor Authentication 3.“Single Sign-on capability” makes authentication appealing and easy to use 4.Enforces privacy protection 5.Formally “blessed” by NIST and OMB – Agencies are specifically directed to use these solutions

16 16 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Additional Benefit: Impedes Phishing Relying party website is vetted by Identity Provider – Once Identity Ecosystem is in place, taxpayers will look for and use ID Provider’s logo for login, which will therefore hinder fraudulent sites. For instance, users of VZ UIS will look for and use the UIS logo to log into site.

17 17 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Private sector will lead the effort Federal government will provide support Not a government-run identity program Private sector is in the best position to drive technologies and solutions… …and ensure the Identity Ecosystem offers improved online trust and better customer experiences Help develop a private-sector led governance model Facilitate and lead development of interoperable standards Provide clarity on national policy and legal framework around liability and privacy Act as an early adopter to stimulate demand What does NSTIC call for?

18 18 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace NSTIC National Program Office Charged with leading strategy and day-to-day coordination across government and the private sector in implementing NSTIC Funded with $16.5M for FY12

19 19 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Convene the Private Sector Summer 2012: Create an Identity Ecosystem Steering Group New two-year grant will fund a privately-led Steering Group to convene stakeholders, craft standards and policies to create an Identity Ecosystem Collaborate with CERCA on authentication working group Consider possibilities for next filing season Offer taxpayers the option of obtaining and/or using a strong credential, integrated with your software. May 23: White House Conference for Relying Parties 70 major stakeholders invited, including CERCA chair. Next Steps

20 20 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Select Pilots NSTIC Pilot Programs – $10M in grants to address barriers to implementing the Identity Ecosystem 5 – 8 awards later this summer Early Adoption by Government to Stimulate Demand Ensure agency alignment with FICAM – White House Initiative: Federal Cloud Credential eXchange (FCCX) – IRS and other large eGov agencies collaborating on NSTIC projects Next Steps

21 21 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace What Your Firms Can Do TALK: about the value of NSTIC to leaders in your firm SUPPORT: NSTIC Pilots by volunteering to be a relying party JOIN: the Identity Ecosystem Steering Group Participate Leverage trusted identities to move more services online Consider ways to support identity and credentialing in partnership with trusted third parties Be early adopters You are a key partner, we want to hear from you Give us your ideas!

22 22 National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace Questions? Jeremy Grant IRS / NSTIC Coordinator Richard Phillips


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