Presentation on theme: "Walk Down Civics Memory Lane: Navigating through the Legislative and Appropriations Process Prepared by the Council for Exceptional Children."— Presentation transcript:
Walk Down Civics Memory Lane: Navigating through the Legislative and Appropriations Process Prepared by the Council for Exceptional Children
Words to Consider “One voice can change a room, and if it can change a room, it can change a city, and if it can change a city, it can change a state, and if it can change a state, then it can change a nation, and if it can change a nation, it can change the world.” - Barack Obama
Civics 101: Why it’s important to be informed Knowing how the process works helps you: – Navigate your way through the system. – Helps you understand how to use your time most effectively. – Communicate effectively with members of Congress and their staff. – Better inform your network and makes you a better advocate.
How the Legislative Process Works…
How a Bill Becomes Law
Photo of Democratic Amendments to ESEA House of Representatives, February 2012
Getting to the President’s Desk… Measures must pass the House and Senate in identical form before being presented to the President.
Getting to the President’s Desk …
Your Signature, Please…
The Budget Process During the year prior to the year in which the fiscal year begins April – JuneAgencies begin budget requests July – AugustOffice of Management and Budget provides guidance to agencies Early fallAgencies submit initial budget request to OMB Nov. – Dec.OMB, President review requests This is the first step in deciding program funding amounts
The Budget Process(cont.) By first Monday in Feb.President submits budget to Congress February – SeptemberCongressional phase. By July 15President submits mid- session review to Congress October 1Fiscal year begins October – September OMB apportions funds to agencies
The Budget Process(cont.) February – SeptemberCongressional phase. You Are Here!
Key Terms Fiscal Year: October 1 through September 30 Mandatory Spending: Spending (budget authority and outlays) controlled by laws other than annual appropriations acts. Discretionary Spending: Spending controlled by the annual appropriations acts Continuing Resolution: provides budget authority for Federal agencies and programs to continue in operation until the regular appropriations acts are enacted.
Resources for this presentation: Congressional Deskbook