Presentation on theme: "Medicaid Waivers Joan Alker Co-Executive Director Annual Conference July 19, 2012."— Presentation transcript:
Medicaid Waivers Joan Alker Co-Executive Director Annual Conference July 19, 2012
Section 1115 Waivers 2 o Permit states to use federal program funds (e.g., Medicaid & CHIP) in ways not otherwise permitted o Law says they must be “experimental, pilot, or demonstration project(s)” o that promote the objectives of the program o Broadest waiver authority
Why are they important for kids? 3 o They can change the way Medicaid is financed; o They can change the way services are delivered; o States sometimes requests limits to EPSDT or increases in cost-sharing.
Enforcing Budget Neutrality 4 o Budget neutrality is longstanding federal policy to ensure feds don’t spend more o In general, section 1115 waivers rely on per capita caps to enforce budget neutrality o State claims match for all people covered by the waiver but o Cannot claim more than amount permitted by the cap o Per person amount is agreed as part of the waiver (usually based on historical costs with a “trend rate”)
What is a Global Cap? 5 o Global caps have been used in Vermont, Rhode Island, and Pharmacy Plus waivers during Bush years o Waiver sets overall cap on federal funding (not on a per person basis) o Similar in nature to a “block grant”
What are some recent trends? 6 o Move to managed care for more vulnerable populations; o New cost-sharing and/or premiums (CA, FL, UT, WI) that have been turned down for kids o Limits around the edges on EPSDT o (19 and 20 yr olds approved in some states, Oregon list of services, other proposals rejected)
1915 Waivers o Section 1915(b) Managed Care Waivers: States can apply for waivers to provide services through managed care delivery systems or otherwise limit people’s choice of providers. o 1915(c) Home and Community-Based Services Waivers: States can apply for waivers to provide long-term care services in home and community settings rather than institutional settings. o Concurrent Section 1915(b) and 1915(c) Waivers: States can apply to simultaneously implement two types of waivers to provide a continuum of services to the elderly and people with disabilities, as long as all Federal requirements for both programs are met. 7
What flexibility exists already in Medicaid? o Significant delivery system reform possible o North Carolina PCCM model didn’t need a waiver o Most Medicaid beneficiaries can be required to enroll in managed care without a waiver as long as consumer protections are observed as in HealthWave o Dual eligibles, children on SSI or in foster care require an 1115 or 1915 waiver 8
9 Waiver Process: How Does it Work and What is Required?
Waiver Process 10 o Closed negotiations between state and federal government o At federal level, Secretary of HHS makes the decision o Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) staffs the process for the Secretary o Office of Management and Budget (OMB) is typically deeply involved in negotiating financing terms o Not unusual for members of Congress to weigh in, but no formal process for their involvement
What are the Opportunities for Public Input? 11 o Widespread concern about the lack of transparency in the process leads to a provision in the Affordable Care Act requiring new rules o These rules were just issued on Feb. 22, 2012 and became effective April 22 nd, 2012 o State and federal governments must have a 30 day public notice and comment process
Waiver Pressure Points 12 o CMS National Office o Office of the Secretary of HHS o White House/OMB o Congressional delegation o State legislators o State agency/Executive branch