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Congressional Actions and the National Park Service Monday and Tuesday January 23 and 24, 2006 1:00-4:00 PM Eastern time each day.

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Presentation on theme: "Congressional Actions and the National Park Service Monday and Tuesday January 23 and 24, 2006 1:00-4:00 PM Eastern time each day."— Presentation transcript:

1 Congressional Actions and the National Park Service Monday and Tuesday January 23 and 24, :00-4:00 PM Eastern time each day

2 Today’s course is sponsored by: Capital Training Center Supervision, Management, and Leadership Program Sandy Taylor, Program Manager

3 Before We Begin… How to interact with the instructors –ID your site –Wait 1.5 seconds before answering –“Time-out” signal –Designated Q&A opportunities! You may questions to If you NEED A PARTICIPANT GUIDE, please (same guide for both days)

4 Course Objectives Roles and powers Key entities that affect NPS 2 reasons to provide prompt info. Communicate with outside audiences Develop a briefing statement Develop an “outreach plan”

5 M ap of W ashington

6 O rigins Outlines the government of the United States John Locke, David Hume, C.L. Montesquieu 3 separate, equal branches of government U.S. Constitution 1787

7 T hree B ranches Executive / Legislative / Judicial Executive - the President, the Cabinet, and the bureaucracy -Staff size: 1.4 million civilian personnel; 1.65 million military Legislative - the United States Congress -100 Senators; 440 Representatives -Staff Size: 14,000 Judicial - the Supreme Court -9 Justices and the Federal Court Circuits

8 Speaker Majority Leader Minority Leader Majority Whip Minority Whip Zone Whips ClerkParlimentarian Committee on Rules L eadership on C apitol H illHOUSE

9 SENATE President of the Senate President Pro Tempore* Majority Leader+Minority Leader Assistant Majority Leader (Whip) Assistant Minority Leader (Whip) * The President Pro Tempore merely has presiding authority. + The Majority Leader has the power to schedule legislation.

10 Party Organizations on Capitol Hill HOUSE Republican Conference Democratic Caucus  Steering Committee   Policy Committee   Campaign Committee 

11 Party Organizations on Capitol Hill SENATE Republican Conference Democratic Conference  Steering Committee   Policy Committee   Campaign Committee 

12 Exercise: Who’s Who in Congress? Participant Guide Page 7

13 C ommittees in C ongress STANDING COMMITTEES Permanent Legislative Committees Authorization Appropriations Committees that draft laws to create programs. Committees that fund programs.

14 Committees That Impact NPS Participant Guide Page 34

15 U.S. Senate Subcommittee on National Parks Republicans Craig Thomas (WY), Chairman Lamar Alexander (TN), Vice Chairman George Allen (VA) Mel Martinez (FL) Gordon Smith (OR) Richard Burr (NC) Pete Domenici (NM), Ex-Officio Member Democrats Daniel K. Akaka (HI), Ranking Member Ron Wyden (OR) Mary L. Landrieu (LA) Ken Salazar (CO) ONE VACANCY Jeff Bingaman (NM), Ex- Officio Member

16 H earings on C apitol H ill Legislative Hearings  Review of specific bills Investigative Hearings  Pursuit of suspected illegal activities Oversight Hearings  Ongoing review of established programs Confirmation Hearings  Senate review of high-level presidential appointees

17 Committee Staff Staff Director General Counsel Professional Committee Staff Administrative Staff

18 Member’s Personal Staff Administrative Assistant / Chief of Staff Executive Secretary Legislative Assistants Caseworkers State / District Office Staff

19 Typical Day for Staff Participant Guide Page 10

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21 Tips on Working with Congressional Staff Participant Guide Page 11

22 Writing a Briefing Statement Bureau: Member: Issue: Key Points: Background: Current Status: Prepared By: Telephone: REMEMBER the Communication Tips!

23 BREAK!!

24 Laws That Guide the Work of the National Park Service Participant Guide Page 13

25 Laws That Guide the Work of the NPS General Authorities Park Specific Other Laws

26 General Authorities National Park Service Organic Act (1916) Historic Sites Act (1935) General Authorities Act (1970) Historic Preservation Act (1966) Wilderness Act (1964) Land and Water Conservation Act (1964) Wild & Scenic Rivers Act (1968) National Trails System Act (1968) Archaeological Resources Protection Act (1979) Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (1990) National Parks Omnibus Management Act (1998) and many other laws

27 Park Specific Cumberland Island National Seashore as well as other Parks in the system

28 Other Laws National Environmental Policy Act Clean Air Act Clean Water Act and many other laws

29 Origins of NPS Bills Participant Guide Page 14

30 Origins of NPS Bills

31 Summary of National Park Service Laws in 109th Congress January 4, 2005 – Participant Guide Page 15

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33 Office of Legislative and Congressional Affairs Legislative Programs Legislative Review Archival Functions Information Services Functions of the Division of Legislation Participant Guide Page 19

34 Liaison Services Information Services Special Projects Scheduling Functions of the Congressional Liaison Office of Legislative and Congressional Affairs

35 Exercise: Roles and Authorities Participant Guide Page 22

36 Outreach Participant Guide Page 24

37 Exercise: What Are They Saying? Participant Guide Page 25

38 Exercise: Briefing Statement Participant Guide Page 25 Develop a BRIEFING STATEMENT on a legislative issue related to your park or site. For 1 HOUR EXTRA COURSE CREDIT, please submit your statement by: Monday, February 27, 2006 to

39 Managers Institute on Public Policy April 3-7, 2006 Washington, DC Course announcement will be available at My Learning Manager by Friday, Jan. 27, 2006 (check with your Employee Development Officer for info.)

40 To Get Credit for this Course Make sure you sign the student roster. UPON RECEIPT OF NOTIFICATION, complete the online course evaluation.

41 After your TEL Site Training Point of Contact has confirmed your attendance, Log onto Click on “My Assessments” Next screen click on “launch transcript” and complete the evaluationhttp://mylearning.nps.gov My Assessments

42 Today’s course is sponsored by: Capital Training Center Supervision, Management, and Leadership Program Sandy Taylor, Program Manager

43 Before We Begin… How to interact with the instructors –ID your site –Wait 1.5 seconds before answering –“Time-out” signal –Designated Q&A opportunities! You may questions to If you NEED A PARTICIPANT GUIDE, please (same guide for both days) Participant Guide Page 26

44 Course Objectives Roles and powers Key entities that affect NPS 2 reasons to provide prompt info. Communicate with outside audiences Develop a briefing statement Develop an “outreach plan”

45 Who Has the Power of the Purse? Executive submits budget request 18 to 24 months in preparation for a single fiscal year Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Legislative reviews Executive’s budget request U.S. Constitution: Article 1, Section 7 - taxes Budget, Tax and Appropriations Committees consider the President’s budget request for 8 months each year (early February - September 30th) New fiscal year begins on October 1st if Congress votes the dollars Executive implements the budget OMB - Departments - Agencies: 3 to 6 months

46 Executive Submits Budget Request 18 to 24 months in preparation for a single fiscal year Office of Management and Budget (OMB)

47 Executive Implements the Budget OMB - Departments – Agencies 3 to 6 months

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49 L egislative S taff and A gencies Support Agencies Congressional Research Service Government Accountability Office Congressional Budget Office

50 C ommittees in C ongress STANDING COMMITTEES Permanent Legislative Committees Authorization Appropriations Committees that draft laws to create programs. Committees that fund programs.

51 FY 2006 Where the Money Comes From

52 FY 2006 Where the Money Goes

53 3/96 -- $ 5.5 T 8/97 -- $ 5.9 T 6/02 -- $ 6.4 T 5/03 -- $ 7.4 T 11/04 -- $ 8.07 T 2/06 -- ?? (as much as $ 8.15 T) DEBT OF THE UNITED STATES : $900,000,000,000 (Billion)

54 BREAK!!

55 Budget Cycle Spring –18 mo. before FY begins –OMB/DOI instructions to bureau –NPS instructions to field to update OFS –Review construction (PMIS) –Review land acquisition

56 Budget Cycle cont’d. Summer –Secretarial/DOI review Early Fall –OMB review Late Fall –OMB passback

57 Budget Cycle cont’d. January –President’s budget to Congress February –NPS budget to Congress Early Spring –NPS appropriations hearings –Senate appropriations hearings (Secretary)

58 Budget Cycle cont’d. Late Spring/Summer –House markup –Senate markup Fall –Appropriations October –Start of Fiscal Year

59 Historical Budget Perspective 1970s, 1980s budget grew unchecked Increasing budgets and deficits Attempts to control failed –ZBB (Zero-Based Budgeting) –GRH (Gramm-Rudman-Hollings) Early 1990s –BEA (Budget Enforcement Act) controls spending

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64 FY 2006 BUDGET CONF BEFORE RECESS EPA IN OUR BILL FULL PAY AT 2.3% CONG RAISE TO 3.1% ($8M) PRK OPS- + $15M ATB, +$5M prk specific REP/REH 2 YR RADIO CON- $10M FROM FEES ASSESSMENTS  MESSAGING,  SMART CARDS  ESN RULES ON $12.5M  SENATE LANGUAGE HURRICANE DAMAGE  +$19M of 70M  - 1% ATB

65 TO FY07 AND BEYOND Bal Budget Goal DOI Allocation -2% a year NO INITIATIVES Sustain Operations Defer Invst DOI “stovepipes” LE & IT Mgt/Oversight Improvements –CORE OPS, SCORECARD, ABC, GPRA, PART, FMSS, FBMS, A-123

66 WHAT TO DO Maintain flexibility –Staffing, fixed costs Use BCP module Include mgt imp/inov with “roof rot tour “ Watch accountability issues –Assets, receipts, transactions

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69 Exercise: What Entities Impact the NPS Budget? Participant Guide Page 31

70 Developing an Outreach Plan ID your audience (Congressional staff, WASO, members of the public, community leaders, tribal leaders) ID your message Develop your statement (BRIEF) Be on time Expect a short meeting—your handout should speak for itself

71 Present a Justification For an Operating Increase Address a single, specific problem/need. New workload/requirement. How do you know problem exists? Be Concise—assume reviewer knows nothing about your park/program. (Have someone else read your draft.) Quantitative—i.e., # of visitors benefited, area to be covered. Qualitative—In what way will benefits be gained?

72 Relate desired situation to current situation. –What are you SPENDING now? –What are you DOING now? Where possible, relate to: –Business plan –Core operations –GPRA goals Be accurate –Down 30 FTEs –Visitation up 10% Present a Justification for an Operating Increase

73 Homework!! Prepare a BUDGET JUSTIFICATION For 1 EXTRA HOUR COURSE CREDIT, please submit your justification by Tuesday, February 28, 2006, to Course evaluation

74 When Leadership Finds You “If you want leadership, you shouldn’t have it. Instead, if you commit to other things, leadership will come.” --John C. Maxwell, PhD., best-selling author, speaker, trainer on leadership principles

75 Managers Institute on Public Policy April 3-7, 2006 Washington, DC Course announcement will be available at My Learning Manager by Friday, Jan. 27, 2006 (check with your Employee Development Officer for info.)

76 To Get Credit for this Course Make sure you sign the student roster. UPON RECEIPT OF NOTIFICATION, complete the online course evaluation.

77 After your TEL Site Training Point of Contact has confirmed your attendance, Log onto Click on “My Assessments” Next screen click on “launch transcript” and complete the evaluationhttp://mylearning.nps.gov My Assessments


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