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Basic Understanding of A-21, CASB, and DS2

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1 Basic Understanding of A-21, CASB, and DS2
Disclosure Statement Training: Departmental Administrators & Business Managers Basic Understanding of A-21, CASB, and DS2 Welcome!

2 Disclosure Statement Training: Departmental Administrators & Business Managers
Presentor: Carolyn B. Taylor, Contracts and Grants Division Disclosure Web Site: All Policies and Procedures related to the University Disclosure Statement may be found under the Disclosure Policies and Disclosure Procedure links Policies are effective January 1, 2006 My name is Carolyn Taylor. I am in the Contracts and Grants Division. Today I will be giving you an overview of the A-21, CASB, and Disclosure Statement (DS2) and what brought it about.

3 Training Offered Beginning in March 2006
Basic Understanding of A-21, CASB, and DS2 Cost Transfers, Program Income, & Cost Share Direct and F&A Costs Time and Effort Reporting Service Centers Account Maintenance & Close-out Beginning in March 2006, we began offering training classes that cover the new DS2 policy. Because you are the fiscal agents of the University it is crucial that you understand the new policies. We will provide the training but you are responsible for this policy. From the time an item leaves your desk, you are responsible. Some people say that they thought someone would catch it down the line if it was not okay. NO! Because we all are fiscal agents of the University, grant administration needs to be performed accurately and in accordance with policy/procedure from the start or initiation.

4 You are Here Beginning in March 2006
Basic Understanding of A-21, CASB, and DS2 Why are you here? So, today, you are here. Why are all these training sessions? What do you hope to gain? Why do you think you are here? Go around and ask each participate why they are here. Personalize it.

5 What you should gain? A better communication between C&G and departmental administrators/business managers concerning the new policies. A better understanding of how A-21 and CASB effects what we do. A lot of you are here because you are required to be here but you have a lot to gain by being here. - Better communications and a forum to ask questions - A better understanding of how the new policies effect what you are doing. How are we going to gain this?

6 Course Objectives 1. What is A-21, CASB, and DS2?
2. Provide a basic understanding of DS2, CASB, and OMB A-21 and how they fit together. 3. Will I ever use this in my Job? 4. Why are they important to me? 5. How can I ensure financial compliance? 6. Understanding the roles of OSP, Principle Investigators, Departments Administrators and Business Managers and Contract & Grants. We will gain this by meeting our objectives.

7 Definitions What is A-21, CASB, and DS2?
A-21 is the cost principles for higher institutions as defined by the Office of Management and Budgets (OMB). CASB is the Cost Accounting Standard Board. DS2 is required for institutions of higher education and it states UGA’s policy and procedures regarding cost accounting practices. Jim Vitale did a review of UGA’s cost accounting practices and showed us where our risk were so we revised our original DS2 to minimize these risk. Go through Definitions Tie them together – How university should treat cost cost account standards applied to university. We had to tell government how we were applying the CAS principle and disclose in a document (DS2) Let’s look at the DS2 now…

8 What is DS2(Disclosure Stmt 2)?
Documents and discloses the University cost accounting practices Required to be submitted to cognizant agency and cognizant audit agency. Policies and procedures, instructions, and guidelines for individual investigators, department heads, and administrators need to be made available because it is their responsibility to understand and know them. Provides Guidelines for “charging costs to sponsored awards” Defines University direct costing policies and procedures Cost-sharing policies Time and effort reporting policies and procedures Policies on “Service Centers” DHHS is our Cognizant Agency. Departnt of Health and Human Services DS1= is required of corporate non profit corps – example Georgia Tech Research Corp – it is a arms length DS2 – required of Institutions of higher learning. DS2 Update: UGA submitted its revised DS2 – July 1, 2005 DCAA (Defense Contract Audit Agency) has performed an adequacy review of UGA’s Revised DS2 DCAA will soon be on campus doing a compliance review.

9 How was it Developed? Three working group committees were formed comprised of College and Departmental Business Managers and Faculty representatives Steering Committee comprised of Associate/Assistant Deans, Department Head, and Center Director representatives

10 What does it do? New Policies Existing Policies – Revised
Cost Transfer Program Income Service Center Existing Policies – Revised Cost Share Direct Cost Personnel Activity Report The Cost Transfer Policy, Program Income and Cost Share will be covered by LaKeiya Keese. Service Centers and PARS will be covered by Celise Elder. Direct Cost will be covered in Tara’s class.

11 What brought about the DS2?
A-21, A Federal Policy Document issued by OMB (Office of Management and Budget) which all Universities nation-wide must follow. I thought it was just UGA? Some of your faculty think it is just UGA. We are consistent with other universities

12 Governing Body Federal funding is appropriated by Congress, and it is allocated by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB). The office of Management and Budget ensures proper stewardship of federal funding through prescribed cost principles, and administrative and audit requirements. (A-21, A-110, and A-133)

13 What is OMB Circular A-21? Issued in 1958 by Office of Management and Budget Federal effort to establish government wide cost principles Applicable to research and development grants, contracts and other funding agreements with educational institutions. It has undergone numerous revisions in 44 years.

14 May,1994 A-21 Revisions “Facilities & Administrative costs” replaced the phrase “indirect costs” Four Cost Accounting Standards (CAS) applicable to educational institutions incorporated into A-21 Institutions receiving more than $25 million in federal sponsored agreements must submit a Disclosure Statement. No one probably has a thourgh understanding but some things you should know about it.

15 What is the purpose of the A-21?
The A-21 tells us what we need to do. It tells us we must be consistent. Defines allowable and unallowable costs Defines methods of F&A cost rate identification and calculation. We cannot charge to a grant if we can not charge to regular university account. To see the full A-21, this is the web site.

16 Who cares? Will I Ever Use this in my job?
Each of us are fiscal agents of the University It is everyone’s responsibility to be knowledgeable of University Policies and Procedures Ignorance of the policies and procedures is not an excuse for not following them. Disallowed charges and penalties dept responsibilities. Northwestern – agreed to settle government claims that its scientists had spent less time than promised on federally funded research. Federal agencies are now less willing to treat universities differently than a defense contractor with regard to documenting costs and time spent on projects

17 Why do I care about the rules?
University of Alabama - $3.4 million in fines for applying resources from an existing grant toward a new project Harvard University- $3.3 million settlement. Improper Accounting on Federal Grant for “effort reporting” or “salary accounting” Northwestern University - $5.5 million settlement Johns Hopkins University - $2.6 Million Settlement Example – Moving expenses. Our university does not pay moving. A grant might agree to it. But, since univ doesn’t pay, then can not charge grant. Not our rule, it is there’s. Northwestern – agreed to settle government claims that its scientists had spent less time than promised on federally funded research. Federal agencies are now less willing to treat universities differently than a defense contractor with regard to documenting costs and time spent on projects

18 What does the A-21 Cost Principles do?
Requires a cost Be allowable Be allocable Be reasonable (prudent person test) Be treated consistently Be necessary to perform the aims of the project Be permissible under the law Tara’s class on Direct and F&A cost will go into this in more detail.

19 Specific Rules on Cost Allowability
Section J of Circular A-21 (hand out) Currently describes 54 types of costs Alphabetical order For some costs, also specifies approval requirements, documentation and other provisions. This is a brief summary of Section J. For the full document , see the web site.

20 What can I do to ensure financial compliance for federally funded projects?
Ask yourself the following questions: Are you direct charging costs that are facility and administrative (F&A)? Toner or paper for the printer, General office supplies or equipment Are you shifting costs from grant to grant to use up the balance? Are you charging salaries of individuals who do not work on the project?

21 Questions to ask (con’t)
Do you have adequate internal control procedures to avoid errors in charging the Federal government? Are you charging costs without authorization? Are you maintaining properly authorized timesheets for Biweekly and Salaried? Departmental Internal audit findings have found that some departments are completing e-payroll but not maintaining the paper copy signed/authorized by the employee. Secondly and most importantly, is the employee being charged to the correct accounts? Request log, or sheet, .

22 Questions to ask (con’t)
Are you reviewing status reports on a regular basis? Are you removing encumbrances within four – six months after the project is completed? Are you documenting adequately for cost transfers? Brad’s class will cover the close out procedures for an account.

23 Questions to ask (con’t)
Are you reimbursing subcontractors and consultants with verifying if the service is completed? Are you tracking the cost sharing committed? PI needs to sign off on subcontracts

24 Questions to ask (con’t)
Are you managing federally funded equipment properly? What happens if we are not in compliance? Does anyone know when we are not doing what we are suppose to be? How does the Government know? Because they come back and audit us.

25 Audits What types of Audits are there:
Departmental Audits (Internal Audit) Compliance Audits (Internal Audit, State Audits, Regents Audits, Sponsoring Agency Audits, and Federal Audits) Annual OMB A-133 Audits Project Specific Programmatic and Financial Audits (Office of Inspector General, OIG) 6 – 7 months a year With money flowing through now – will increase instead of decrease. The repercussion of these audits - non compliance.

26 Audits The purpose of an audit is to verify that we are doing what we say we are doing. The auditors are testing our controls and detail transaction. They will request financial supporting documents such as time sheets, invoices, purchase orders and receipts.

27 Responsibilities OSP –
Review and approve proposal packages and provide final approval on CAS exceptions and justifications. Provide necessary assistance Provide CAS Exception approval when appropriately justified by PI and Department

28 Responsibilities Principal Investigator
Prepares the proposal and complies with the requirements. If need for subcontracts he collects authorized budget and work statements from each subcontractor. Prepares the budget and justification in accordance with allowable cost principles and applies the appropriate F&A rate. If matching funds or in-kind contributions, secures written approval from each contributor. The role of the Principal Investigator (PI) is to direct the performance of research, instructional, and public service activities in compliance with both the terms of the agreement (contract, grant, or cooperative agreement) and all University policies and procedures governing institutional stewardship and oversight of sponsored projects. While the performance of many of the roles described below may be delegated, the responsibility remains with the Principal Investigator.

29 Responsibilities Principal Investigator (con’t)
If any financial conflict of interest, discloses existence. Routes completed information to Office for Sponsored Programs (OSP) Pre-award spending or extensions of time Scope of work and any modifications and approval

30 Responsibilities Principal Investigator (con’t)
initiation of programmatic changes to the project initiation of hiring or assignment process and approval of personnel assigned to the project assurance of integrity and safeguarding of notebooks and scientific data compliance with timely submission of accurate interim programmatic (technical) reports assurance of quality, timeliness, and programmatic performance of subcontracts initiation of materials transfer agreement when receiving biological materials from an outside source.

31 Responsibilities Principal Investigator (con’t)
Initiates expenditure of funds Initiates allocation of cost sharing dollars if applicable Reviews invoices from and approves payments to subcontractors Initiates request for rebudgeting Requests for cost transfers – if greater than 90 days, must sign

32 Responsibilities Principal Investigator (con’t)
Reviews restricted account status reports and resolves errors in timely manner When appropriated, request access to residual balances Complies with requirements of the personnel activity reports Prepares final programmatic narrative report

33 Responsibilities Department Administration and Business Managers:
Monthly reconciliation of project costs PAR forms Cost transfers Following UGA policy and procedures Besides doing everything that the faculty ask you to do, which is 99 % of your job, keep these in mind.

34 Responsibilities Contract & Grants:
Monthly, Quarterly, Predetermined and Final reports/billings Budget Amendment Reviews Establish Projects Establish Account Numbers

35 Responsibilities Contract & Grants (con’t): Approve Cost Transfers
Approve PAR’s Available to answer questions

36 Training slides will be located here.

37 Summary DS2 CASB OMB A-21 Training classes

38 Any Questions? We appreciate your taking time out of your busy to be here. Please let us know if we can assist you in the future. Thanks everyone…Have a great day.

39 Contact Information Carolyn Taylor Accountant Contracts & Grants Division

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