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Internal Controls for Federal Grants. Steve Weinberger Financial Manager Division of internal Audits Department of Administration dintaud.state.nv.us.

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Presentation on theme: "Internal Controls for Federal Grants. Steve Weinberger Financial Manager Division of internal Audits Department of Administration dintaud.state.nv.us."— Presentation transcript:

1 Internal Controls for Federal Grants

2 Steve Weinberger Financial Manager Division of internal Audits Department of Administration dintaud.state.nv.us

3 Office of Management and Budget Federal Grant Guidelines Universities States, Local, Indian Tribal Governments Non-ProfitsHospitals Administrative Requirements § 45 CFR 2543 § 2 CFR 215 (formerly A-110) § 45 CFR 2541 OMB A-102 OMB A-102 § 45 CFR 2543 § 2 CFR 215 (formerly A-110) § 45 CFR 2543 § 2 CFR 215 (formerly A-110) Cost Principles § 2 CFR 220 (formerly A-21) § 2 CFR 225 (formerly A-87) § 2 CFR 230 (formerly A-122) § 45 CFR 74 (HHS regulations) Audit Requirements * OMB A-133 Notes: CFR = Code of Federal Regulations * = Organization is subject to A-133 if it expends more than $500,000 in Federal funds in its fiscal year Circulars and Codes

4 OMB A-133 OMB Circular A-133 (Audits of States and Educational Institutions) OMB Circular A-133 (Audits of States and Educational Institutions)  Entities receiving federal awards must have internal controls designed to provide reasonable assurance that: Transactions are properly recorded Transactions are properly recorded Assets are safeguarded against loss Assets are safeguarded against loss Reports are complete and accurate Reports are complete and accurate Federal and grant requirements are complied with Federal and grant requirements are complied with

5 Federal Awards Federal Award (defined) Federal Award (defined)  Federal financial assistance and federal cost-reimbursement contracts that non-federal entities receive directly from federal awarding agencies or indirectly from pass-through entities.

6 OMB A-133 OMB Circular A-133 OMB Circular A-133  Audits of States, Local Governments, and Non-Profit Organizations Compliance Supplement Compliance Supplement  Compliance requirements to be considered as part the Single Audit Act and OMB Circular A-133 Part 6 Internal Controls Part 6 Internal Controls

7 OMB A-133 Compliance Supplement Part 6 Internal Control Part 6 Internal Control Part 6 is intended to assist non-Federal entities and their auditors in complying with the A-133 compliance requirements.

8 General Compliance Requirements Compliance Requirements Activities Allowed or Unallowed (A) Activities Allowed or Unallowed (A) Allowable Costs/Cost Principles (B) Allowable Costs/Cost Principles (B) Cash Management (C) Cash Management (C) Davis Bacon Act (D) Davis Bacon Act (D) Eligibility (E) Eligibility (E) Equipment and Real Property Management (F) Equipment and Real Property Management (F)

9 General Compliance Requirements Compliance Requirements (Cont’d) Matching, Level of Effort, Earmarking (G) Matching, Level of Effort, Earmarking (G) Period of Availability of Federal Funds (H) Period of Availability of Federal Funds (H) Procurement and Suspension and Debarment (I) Procurement and Suspension and Debarment (I) Program Income (J) Program Income (J) Real Property Acquisition and Relocation Assistance (K) Real Property Acquisition and Relocation Assistance (K) Reporting (L) Reporting (L) Subrecipient Monitoring (M) Subrecipient Monitoring (M)

10 Internal Controls General notes about Internal Controls: Provide reasonable assurance that objectives are met Provide reasonable assurance that objectives are met Procedures must be documented Procedures must be documented  Manuals  Written Procedures Management is responsible for Management is responsible for  Developing  Documenting  Implementing  Monitoring

11 Activities Allowed & Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Activities Allowed & Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) General Circular A-87 (relocated to 2 CFR, Part 225*) defines allowable cost principles,Circular A-87 (relocated to 2 CFR, Part 225*) defines allowable cost principles, Costs must be:Costs must be:  Necessary  Reasonable  Allocable  Legal under state & local law  Conform with Federal law & grant terms  Consistently treated  Comply with Generally Accepted Accounting Procedures (GAAP)  Not included as match  Net of credits  Adequately documented * * Code of Federal Regulations (2 CFR), Subtitle A, Chapter II, part 225

12 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Necessary & Reasonable Necessary for the performance or administration of the grant Necessary for the performance or administration of the grant Reasonable purchase at fair market price Reasonable purchase at fair market price  Necessary – Do we really need it? Will this be surplus property? Will this be surplus property? Do we already have existing resources? Do we already have existing resources? Is this the minimum amount I need to spend to meet my need Is this the minimum amount I need to spend to meet my need  Reasonable – Is the expense amount valid? Did we pay a fair price? Can we prove it? Did we pay a fair price? Can we prove it? Would we be comfortable defending this purchase? Would we be comfortable defending this purchase?

13 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Allocable Benefits the program somehow Benefits the program somehow Can only charge in proportion to value received by the program Can only charge in proportion to value received by the program –If a computer is used 50% of the time for a program, you can charge half the cost Legal under state & local law If it’s illegal you can’t buy it with Federal funds If it’s illegal you can’t buy it with Federal funds Conform with Federal law & grant terms

14 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Consistently Treated Policies apply equally to Federal and non-Federal activities Policies apply equally to Federal and non-Federal activities Cannot assign as direct cost if indirect under state programs Cannot assign as direct cost if indirect under state programs Complies with GAAP Generally Accepted Accounting Principles Generally Accepted Accounting Principles Not included as a Match Not part of a match from another program Not part of a match from another program

15 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Net of Applicable Credits Purchase discounts, rebates or allowances Purchase discounts, rebates or allowances Insurance refunds Insurance refunds Adequately Documented Amount of funds used for cost Amount of funds used for cost How funds are used How funds are used Share of costs provided by other sources Share of costs provided by other sources

16 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) 2 CFR, Part 225 provides specific guidance on allowable costs (See handouts) Specifically disallows:  Alcoholic beverages  Bad debts  Donations and contributions  Lobbying  Selling and marketing  Entertainment

17 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Direct Costs Direct Costs (Readily identified with program)  Salaries/wages of employees for time devoted to performance of award Keep payroll records Keep payroll records Estimates time worked on program Estimates time worked on program Semi-annual certifications if 100% on single program Semi-annual certifications if 100% on single program  Materials, supplies used specifically for purpose of the award  Equipment/capital expenditures approved by the specific program  Travel expenses to carry out award

18 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Indirect CostsIndirect Costs (Not readily identified with program)  Accounting, information technology, human resources, general program management and oversight. Use SWCAP (Approved by Federal DHHS) Use SWCAP (Approved by Federal DHHS) Use an approved Indirect Cost Rate Use an approved Indirect Cost Rate Made up of allowable indirect costs Made up of allowable indirect costs

19 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Indirect Cost Rate P/B=R Indirect Cost Rate P/B=R  Indirect Cost Pool (P)  Direct Cost Base (B)  Rate (R)

20 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) P: Indirect Cost Pool Salaries $90,000 Fringe30,000 Rent10,000 Consultants 6,000 Travel5,000 Supplies3,000 Communications2,000 Miscellaneous4,000 Total Pool $150,000

21 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) B: Direct Cost Base Salaries & Benefits: Trainers200,000 Three Counselors100,000 Total Direct Sales & Benefits300,000300,000 Other Direct Costs: Occupancy 90,000 Travel 40,000 Participant Stipends 20,000 Participant Support Services 30,000 Supplies 10,000 Miscellaneous 10,000 Total Other Direct 200,000200,000 Total Direct Costs500,000

22 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Indirect Cost Rate (PBR) P : Pool of Indirect Costs 150,000 B : Base of Direct Costs Salaries & Wages300,000 Other Direct Costs200,000 Total Direct Cost500,000 R : Indirect Cost Rate 150, ,000 = 30%

23 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Allocation Direct Costs100,000 Indirect Cost Rate 30% Indirect Costs 30,000  Rates must be: Approved annually by cognizant agency Approved annually by cognizant agency Fed agency that contributes most money Fed agency that contributes most money

24 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Internal Controls Control Objective Federal awards are expended only for allowable activities and costs of goods Federal awards are expended only for allowable activities and costs of goods Services charged to Federal awards are allowable Services charged to Federal awards are allowable

25 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Control Procedures Costs for federal and non-Federal activities are separately accounted for Costs for federal and non-Federal activities are separately accounted for Supporting documentation is maintained for all expenditures Supporting documentation is maintained for all expenditures Direct charges are for allowable costs Direct charges are for allowable costs Charges used for Indirect Cost Rates are for allowable costs Charges used for Indirect Cost Rates are for allowable costs Indirect Cost Rates are approved Indirect Cost Rates are approved Supervisor periodically reviews expenditures and computations (document the review) Supervisor periodically reviews expenditures and computations (document the review) Review should be done by someone other than person authorizing expenditures Review should be done by someone other than person authorizing expenditures

26 Allowable Costs and Cost Principles (A & B) Control Procedures (Cont’d) Exceptions are corrected and addressed to ensure they don’t happen again Exceptions are corrected and addressed to ensure they don’t happen again Management reviews budget to actual reports ( or other performance reports) timely Management reviews budget to actual reports ( or other performance reports) timely Grant agreements should be available to all personnel preparing reviewing and authorizing expenditures. Grant agreements should be available to all personnel preparing reviewing and authorizing expenditures.

27 Cash Management © General Cash Management Improvement Act of 1990 Ensure greater efficiency, effectiveness, and equity in exchange of funds between Federal government and states. Ensure greater efficiency, effectiveness, and equity in exchange of funds between Federal government and states. State of Nevada has a Treasury-State Agreement (TSA) with the Federal government. State of Nevada has a Treasury-State Agreement (TSA) with the Federal government.  States reimburse interest to Federal government

28 Cash Management © Internal Controls Control Objective Draw down of Federal for immediate needs only, comply w/TSA and limit payments to subrecipients to immediate needs

29 Cash Management © Control Procedures Limit amount of time between drawing and expending funds Limit amount of time between drawing and expending funds  Disburse funds received before requesting new funds  Disburse program income, refunds, rebates before requesting new funds  Limit cash advances to subrecipients Send Incoming Funds Notification to Treasurer’s Office Send Incoming Funds Notification to Treasurer’s Office  If ARRA, state on Notification Forecast cash requirements for each program Forecast cash requirements for each program

30 Cash Management © Control Activities (Cont’d) Compare forecast to actual expenditures, investigate variances Compare forecast to actual expenditures, investigate variances  Done by someone other than person authorized to do expenditures Draw downs based on actual cash outlaysDraw downs based on actual cash outlays Track draw downs against award amountTrack draw downs against award amount Try to segregate:Try to segregate:  Forecasting cash requirement  Preparing request for draw down  Reviewing the request for draw down

31 Davis – Bacon Act (D) General Must pay prevailing wages on public works projects Federally paid or assisted Federally paid or assisted Rates can be found at: Rates can be found at:  

32 Davis – Bacon Act (D) NRS Public work contract requires prevailing wage Public work contract requires prevailing wage Public work – New construction, repair or reconstruction of Public work – New construction, repair or reconstruction of  Public buildings  Jails and prisons  Public roads  Public highways  Public streets and alleys  Public utilities  Publicly owned water mains and sewers  Public parks and playgrounds  Public convention facilities  All other publicly owned works and properties

33 Davis – Bacon Act (D) Internal Controls Control Objective Contractors and subs are notified of DB Act requirements Contractors and subs are notified of DB Act requirements Certified payrolls are submitted to state agency Certified payrolls are submitted to state agency Prevailing wages paid Prevailing wages paid Control Activities Inform contractors of prevailing wage requirements Inform contractors of prevailing wage requirements Compare wages paid by contractors and sub-contractors to prevailing wage Compare wages paid by contractors and sub-contractors to prevailing wage  Obtain contractors and subcontractors payroll reports Management periodically verifies that above 2 procedures being done Management periodically verifies that above 2 procedures being done

34 Eligibility (E) General Determining who is eligible to receive Federal funding, and how much they are eligible for Determining who is eligible to receive Federal funding, and how much they are eligible for Internal Controls Control Objective Only eligible individuals and organizations receive assistance Only eligible individuals and organizations receive assistance Subrecipients are eligible Subrecipients are eligible Amounts provided to or on behalf of eligible parties are properly calculated Amounts provided to or on behalf of eligible parties are properly calculated

35 Eligibility (E) Control Activities Conflict of Interest statements maintained for people determining eligibility Conflict of Interest statements maintained for people determining eligibility Policies which provide direction for eligibility determinations are documented. Policies which provide direction for eligibility determinations are documented. Procedures to calculate eligibility requirements consistent with program requirements Procedures to calculate eligibility requirements consistent with program requirements Use a checklist or automated process when determining eligibility Use a checklist or automated process when determining eligibility Eligibility determinations should be reviewed and approved by a supervisor before assistance payments begin Eligibility determinations should be reviewed and approved by a supervisor before assistance payments begin Verification of information obtained from client verified with an independent third party if possible Verification of information obtained from client verified with an independent third party if possible

36 Eligibility (E) Control Activities (Cont’d) Segregate preparing application or eligibility intake form from: Segregate preparing application or eligibility intake form from:  Verifying information on the form  Approving the form  If outside party determines eligibility, ensure they are complying with program. Management or Independent personnel periodically review:Management or Independent personnel periodically review:  Eligibility determination process and formulas are consistent w/program  Data used to determine eligibility is accurate and complete Periodically review clients to determine continued eligibility Periodically review clients to determine continued eligibility

37 Equipment and Real Property Management (F) Internal Controls Control Objective Ensure proper records are maintained for equipment acquired with Federal awards, Ensure proper records are maintained for equipment acquired with Federal awards, Equipment is adequately safeguarded, Equipment is adequately safeguarded, Disposition or encumbrance of any equipment or real property complies with Federal requirements and Disposition or encumbrance of any equipment or real property complies with Federal requirements and Federal awarding agency is appropriately compensated for its share of any property sold Federal awarding agency is appropriately compensated for its share of any property sold

38 Equipment and Real Property Management (F) Control Procedures Equipment (Over 5K) Equipment (Over 5K)  Must be used in the program for which it was acquired  Records maintained that identify Description of equipment Description of equipment Serial number Serial number Acquisition date and cost Acquisition date and cost  Property tags on equipment  Annual physical inventory and reconciliation to records  Management review of inventory and reconciliation  Adequately maintained and safeguarded  Sale of equipment must include competition to extent possible

39 Equipment and Real Property Management (F) Control Procedures Real Property Real Property  Records maintained that identify Title holder Title holder Acquisition date and cost Acquisition date and cost % of Federal participation of the cost % of Federal participation of the cost Location, condition, and disposition data Location, condition, and disposition data  Used for originally authorized purpose  Approval may be obtained to use for other Federal projects or programs  Consent of awarding agency required to dispose or encumber the title to property  Sale of property must include competition to extent possible  Federal awarding agency gets their share of sales proceeds

40 Matching, Level of Effort, Earmarking (G) GeneralMatching Provide contributions of a specified amount or percentage to match Federal awards Provide contributions of a specified amount or percentage to match Federal awards Requirements are unique to each Federal program Requirements are unique to each Federal program Found in grant agreement, contract, laws and regulations Found in grant agreement, contract, laws and regulations

41 Matching, Level of Effort, Earmarking (G) Acceptable Matching Costs Verifiable from agency’s records Verifiable from agency’s records Not included in matching for any other Federal programs Not included in matching for any other Federal programs Allowable under applicable costs principles Allowable under applicable costs principles Necessary and reasonable Necessary and reasonable Not paid by the Federal Government under a different award Not paid by the Federal Government under a different award Provided for in an approved budget Provided for in an approved budget Comply with grant or contract agreement Comply with grant or contract agreement In Kind contributions are valued on an acceptable basis and the basis and valuation are documented In Kind contributions are valued on an acceptable basis and the basis and valuation are documented

42 Matching, Level of Effort, Earmarking (G) Level of Effort A specified level of service to be provided for precise period A specified level of service to be provided for precise period A specified level of expenditures from non-Federal or Federal sources for specific activities to be maintained for a precise period A specified level of expenditures from non-Federal or Federal sources for specific activities to be maintained for a precise period  Federal funds should supplement and not replace non-Federal funding of services

43 Matching, Level of Effort, Earmarking (G) Earmarking Specify the minimum and/or maximum amount or percentage of the program’s funding that must be used for specified activities and/or subrecipients Specify the minimum and/or maximum amount or percentage of the program’s funding that must be used for specified activities and/or subrecipients

44 Matching, Level of Effort, Earmarking (G) Internal Controls Control Objective Assure that matching, level of effort, or earmarking requirements are met using only allowable funds or costs which are properly calculated Assure that matching, level of effort, or earmarking requirements are met using only allowable funds or costs which are properly calculated

45 Matching, Level of Effort, Earmarking (G) Control Procedures Matching or level of effort requirements are included in the agency’s budget Matching or level of effort requirements are included in the agency’s budget Matching, level of effort and earmarking data is tracked separately from other fiscal data Matching, level of effort and earmarking data is tracked separately from other fiscal data Evidence is maintained showing whether contributions: Evidence is maintained showing whether contributions:  Are from non-Federal sources  Involve Federal funding, directly or indirectly  Were used for another Federal program

46 Matching, Level of Effort, Earmarking (G) Control Procedures (Cont’d) Document the value of in-kind contributions including Document the value of in-kind contributions including  Local labor market rates for volunteering  Payroll records from other organizations for their employees  Quotes, published prices or independent appraisals for equipment, land, etc. Supervisory review of sources used for matching or level of effort Supervisory review of sources used for matching or level of effort Supervisory review of budget vs. actual Supervisory review of budget vs. actual

47 Period of Availability (H) Internal Controls Control Objective Ensure that Federal funds are used only during the authorized period of availability Ensure that Federal funds are used only during the authorized period of availability

48 Period of Availability (H) Control Procedures Staff and management should be aware of grant cut-off dates Staff and management should be aware of grant cut-off dates The accounting system should prevent obligation or expenditure of Federal funds outside of the availability period. The accounting system should prevent obligation or expenditure of Federal funds outside of the availability period. Supervisors should review expenditures before and after the cut-off date to ensure compliance with availability requirements Supervisors should review expenditures before and after the cut-off date to ensure compliance with availability requirements Unliquidated commitments should be cancelled at the end of the period Unliquidated commitments should be cancelled at the end of the period Supervisory review of budget vs. actual Supervisory review of budget vs. actual

49 Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) General Codes of Conduct Codes of Conduct  Conflicts of Interest Cannot participate in selection, award or administration of contract if employee, immediate family member, partner has a financial interest in the firm selected for award Cannot participate in selection, award or administration of contract if employee, immediate family member, partner has a financial interest in the firm selected for award

50 Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) Competition Competition  Procurement transaction must not restrict competition such as Unreasonable requirements in order to qualify Unreasonable requirements in order to qualify Unnecessary experience or excessive bonding Unnecessary experience or excessive bonding Non-competitive pricing practices between firms or affiliated companies Non-competitive pricing practices between firms or affiliated companies Specifying a brand name instead of allowing an equal product Specifying a brand name instead of allowing an equal product

51 Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) Solicitations for goods and services provide: Solicitations for goods and services provide:  Description of the technical requirements for the material product or service to be procured. Description cannot contain features which unduly restrict competition.  Requirements which the bidder/offeror must fulfill  Description of functions to be performed  Specific Features of “brand name or equal” descriptions that bidders are required to meet.  Preference for products and services that conserve natural resources and protect the environment. (To the extent economically feasible)

52 (I) Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) Contract cost and price Contract cost and price  Cost Analysis used for sole source, based on offeror’s cost to determine reasonable amount  Price analysis done for multi-bid, based on comparison of price quotations submitted, market prices, etc  Cost plus a percentage of cost and percentage of construction cost methods are prohibited.

53 Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) Procurement Records Procurement Records  Basis for contractor selection  If sole source, explain why  Basis for award cost or price Contract Administration Contract Administration  Monitor contractor to ensure compliance with contract terms, specs, etc.  Document monitoring procedures and results

54 Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) Suspension and Debarment No awards to any parties that are debarred or suspended form participation in Federal assistance programs or activities No awards to any parties that are debarred or suspended form participation in Federal assistance programs or activities If >25k, verify with Excluded Parties List System (EPLS) If >25k, verify with Excluded Parties List System (EPLS) EPLS maintained by General Services Administration EPLS maintained by General Services Administration Only award to responsible contractors Only award to responsible contractors Consider integrity or past performance issues Consider integrity or past performance issues

55 Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) Internal Controls Control Objective Ensure that procurement of goods and services comply with federal guidelines and transactions are not made with a debarred or suspended party Ensure that procurement of goods and services comply with federal guidelines and transactions are not made with a debarred or suspended party

56 Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) Control Procedures Conflict of Interest statements maintained for people responsible for procurement of goods and servicesConflict of Interest statements maintained for people responsible for procurement of goods and services Supervisor approval for high dollar, lengthy, or sensitive procurement contractsSupervisor approval for high dollar, lengthy, or sensitive procurement contracts Solicitations written correctlySolicitations written correctly Follow same procedures as for contracts procured with state $$$Follow same procedures as for contracts procured with state $$$  Contract Manager  Contract Monitor  Segregate approving contract, monitoring contract, and paying contract

57 Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) Control Procedures (Cont’d) Document contract monitor procedures Document contract monitor procedures  Verify performance with terms, conditions and specs of contract  Quality of goods, warranties, and delivery schedules Written Policy prohibiting business with suspended or debarred parties Written Policy prohibiting business with suspended or debarred parties  If equal or greater than 25K, specify how you determined above  Excluded Parties Listing System – maintained by General Services Administration

58 Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) Control Procedures (Cont’d) Perform a cost or price analysis Perform a cost or price analysis Maintain records for: Maintain records for:  Basis for contractor selection  Justification of sole source  Basis of award cost or price

59 Procurement, Suspension and Debarment (I) Control Procedures (Cont’d) Management reviews for: Management reviews for:  Conflicts of interest, bribes, kickbacks, etc  Restrictions on competition  Using small businesses and firms owned by women and minorities  Sole source justification

60 Program Income (J) General Program Income earned as Program Income earned as  Fees for services performed  Rental of property acquired with grant funds  Sale of commodities or items fabricated under a grant  Payments of principal and interest on loans made with grant funds

61 Program Income (J) Program income must be Program income must be  Deducted from outlays  Added to the project budget  Used for matching requirements Use of income may be specified in award Use of income may be specified in award If not specified, must be deducted from outlays If not specified, must be deducted from outlays

62 Program Income (J) Internal Controls Control Objective Ensure program income is correctly earned, recorded and used in accordance with program requirements Ensure program income is correctly earned, recorded and used in accordance with program requirements

63 Program Income (J) Control Procedures Income collection procedures are same as those for state funded Income collection procedures are same as those for state funded Deposit procedures same as state funded Deposit procedures same as state funded Program income is properly identified (not commingled with state income) Program income is properly identified (not commingled with state income) Supervisory review done to ensure program income used properly Supervisory review done to ensure program income used properly Management compares budget to actual and investigates variances Management compares budget to actual and investigates variances

64 Real Property Acquisition and Relocation Assistance (K) General Comply with Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (URA) Comply with Uniform Relocation Assistance and Real Property Acquisition Policies Act of 1970 (URA)

65 Real Property Acquisition and Relocation Assistance (K) URA Real Property Acquisition Real Property Acquisition  Appraise before negotiation  Invite property owner to appraisal  Provide property owner with written offer of just compensation summary  Pay for property before possession  Reimburse property owner for recording fees, prepaid real estate taxes, or other such expenses

66 Real Property Acquisition and Relocation Assistance (K) Residential Replacement Residential Replacement  Provide relocation advisory services  Minimum 90 days written notice to vacate  Reimburse moving expenses  Pay for added costs of renting or purchasing comparable replacement property Non-residential ReplacementNon-residential Replacement  Provide relocation advisory services  90 days notice  Reimburse for moving and reestablishment expenses

67 Real Property Acquisition and Relocation Assistance (K) Internal Controls Control Objective Ensure compliance with real property acquisition, appraisal, negotiation and relocation requirements Ensure compliance with real property acquisition, appraisal, negotiation and relocation requirements

68 Real Property Acquisition and Relocation Assistance (K) Control Procedures Maintain written policies of relocation assistance and real property acquisition that comply with Federal regulation Maintain written policies of relocation assistance and real property acquisition that comply with Federal regulation Have copies of regulations available for personnel administering programs Have copies of regulations available for personnel administering programs Use a checklist to ensure compliance with URA Use a checklist to ensure compliance with URA Send pamphlets to persons being relocated informing them of their rights and the prescribed procedures Send pamphlets to persons being relocated informing them of their rights and the prescribed procedures Request written acknowledgement of persons being relocated and that their rights and prescribed procedures have been made available to them Request written acknowledgement of persons being relocated and that their rights and prescribed procedures have been made available to them

69 Real Property Acquisition and Relocation Assistance (K) Control Procedures (Cont’d) Be aware of homeowners trying to take advantage of relocation assistance Be aware of homeowners trying to take advantage of relocation assistance  Financial means for house being acquired Assign a supervisor to monitor for Assign a supervisor to monitor for  Compliance with URA  Appraisals are reasonable compared with prior appraisals Price and negotiation settlements are reviewed by an appropriately designated officialPrice and negotiation settlements are reviewed by an appropriately designated official Records are maintained for all acquisitions and displacementsRecords are maintained for all acquisitions and displacements

70 Reporting (L) General Three types of reports Monitoring and Performance Monitoring and Performance  Compare actual accomplishments to goals or objectives Financial Financial  Provide financial status of funds Special Reporting Special Reporting

71 Reporting (L) Internal Controls Control Objective Ensure Federal reports are submitted timely, include all activity in the reporting period, are supported by appropriate records and are fairly presented in accordance with program requirements Ensure Federal reports are submitted timely, include all activity in the reporting period, are supported by appropriate records and are fairly presented in accordance with program requirements

72 Reporting (L) Control Procedures Have a tracking system which reminds staff when reports are due Have a tracking system which reminds staff when reports are due Use general ledger or other reliable records as basis of reports Use general ledger or other reliable records as basis of reports Written procedures showing how to prepare reports and sources to use Written procedures showing how to prepare reports and sources to use Use reconciliations when possible Use reconciliations when possible

73 Reporting (L) Control Procedures (Cont’d) Supervisory review of reports for Supervisory review of reports for  Accuracy  Completeness of data  Proper information contained in report  Correct accounting method used (cash or accrual)

74 Subrecipient Monitoring (M) General Subrecipient vs. Vendor (See Handout) Subrecipient Subrecipient  Determines eligibility  Uses performance measures  Programmatic decision making  Comply with program requirements  Carries out the program (as opposed to providing services)

75 Subrecipient Monitoring (M) Subrecipient vs. Vendor (Cont’d) Vendor Vendor  Provides goods and services normal business activities  Provides similar goods to different entities  Operates in a competitive environment  Provides goods or services that are ancillary to program  Not subject to compliance requirements

76 Subrecipient Monitoring (M) Internal Controls Control Objective Federal award information and compliance requirements are identified to subrecipients Federal award information and compliance requirements are identified to subrecipients Subrecipient activities are monitored Subrecipient activities are monitored Subrecipient audit findings are resolved Subrecipient audit findings are resolved Ensure Subrecipient obtains required audits Ensure Subrecipient obtains required audits

77 Subrecipient Monitoring (M) Control Procedures Maintain a current list of all subrecipients Maintain a current list of all subrecipients Award document should contain: Award document should contain:  Description and program number as stated in CFDA  A listing of Federal requirements. Items can be in award or attachment  A statement signed by an official of the subrecipient acknowledging that the subrecipient was of informed of, understands, and agrees to comply with the applicable requirements

78 Subrecipient Monitoring (M) Control Procedures (Cont’d) Monitoring Monitoring  Perform on-site visits to review financial and program records and observe operations. Document procedures performed  Document and follow-up on any deficiencies noted  Review subrecipient reports and follow-up on any concerns  Monitor subrecipient budgets  Use time tracking to ensure timely monitoring, report submission and follow-up of noted deficiencies

79 Subrecipient Monitoring (M) Control Procedures (Cont’d) Monitoring (cont’d) Monitoring (cont’d)  Follow-up on prior audit or on-site review findings  Consider risk factors such as: Size of grant Size of grant Size of subrecipient Size of subrecipient Economic and political conditions, regulatory changes Economic and political conditions, regulatory changes Subrecipient financial problems, loss of personnel, new activities Subrecipient financial problems, loss of personnel, new activities  Monitors should be objective and independent of subrecipient  Supervisors should review monitoring work papers and procedures to ensure they are timely and complete

80 Subrecipient Monitoring (M) Control Procedures (Cont’d) Single Audit Single Audit  Determine by inquiry if subrecipient should be audited  If required, ensure that subrecipient submits required reports  If subrecipient fails to submit reports, withhold further funding

81 Internal Controls for Grants That’s It - Finally Thank You


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