4/28/2015 1 OMB Circulars Review September 12, 2011 Maryland Governor’s Grants Office Annual Conference Adrianne Fielding Managing editor, Thompson Publishing Group Lead blogger, www.fundingattractions.comThompson Publishing Groupwww.fundingattractions.com
4/28/2015 2 (Alphabet) Soup Is Good Food… NTIA CDC FFATA STEM OIG ARRA HHS FEMA DOL FHWA CFDA GAGAS GAO NTIA HRSA SBIR/STTR RUS PART CFR And on … and on …
But It’s Really More Like a Stew… A-21 2 C.F.R. Part 220 A-87 2 C.F.R. Part 225 A-97 FR-5500-N-30FA PL 106-107 A-102 93.086 A-110 2 C.F.R. Part 215 A-122 2 C.F.R. Part 230 A-133 11.557 EPA-R6-SMMP2-2011
It All Might Leave You Feeling… WHAT’S REALLY IMPORTANT FOR GRANT-ACTIVE ORGANIZATIONS?
What are OMB Circulars and Why Should I Care? OMB = Office of Management and Budget –http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/ –Housed within Executive Office of the President –Reports directly to the president –Implementation and enforcement of presidential policy across the federal government through: Budget development and execution Management Regulatory review and paperwork reduction Legislative clearance and coordination Executive orders and presidential memoranda to agency heads
What are OMB Circulars and Why Should I Care? OMB Circulars – Instructions or information issued to federal agencies in the major categories within OMB’s purview: –Budget –State and Local Governments –Educational and Non-Profit Institutions –Federal Procurement –Federal Financial Management –Federal Information Resources / Data Collection –Other Special Purpose All OMB Circulars: http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/index.html http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/index.html
But I’m Not a Federal Agency - So Why Should I Care? It depends on where you work… –Federal government –State, local or tribal government –Nonprofit –Institution of higher education And what you do… –Prepare and submit grant applications –Manage grant-funded projects –Oversee fiscal aspects of awarded grants –Monitor subrecipients
OMB Circulars Are Organized by Audience… OMB Circulars – Instructions or information issued to federal agencies in the major categories within OMB’s purview: –Budget –State and Local Governments –Educational and Non-Profit Institutions –Federal Procurement –Federal Financial Management –Federal Information Resources / Data Collection –Other Special Purpose
…And Major Subject Areas For grant professionals, the most important OMB circulars address: –Administrative Requirements –Cost Principles –Audits
Which Circulars Apply to Me? State, local or tribal government College or university Hospital or other nonprofit Administrative Requirements A-102A-110 Cost Principles A-87A-21A-122 Audits A-133
Administrative Requirement Circulars Establish standards for consistency and uniformity in management of grants and cooperative agreements Circular A-102 –Applies to state, local, and tribal governments –Also known as the “Common Rule” –Moved to 44 C.F.R. Part 13 –Block grants and some entitlement programs are exempt –http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars_a102/OMBhttp://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars_a102/OMB Circular A-110 –Applies to higher education, hospitals, other nonprofits –Moved to 2 C.F.R. Part 215 –http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/omb/circ ulars/a110/2cfr215-0.pdfhttp://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/omb/circ ulars/a110/2cfr215-0.pdf
Administrative Requirement Circulars Major topics: –Cash management –Equipment and real property management –Matching funds/cost sharing –Period of availability of federal funds –Procurement and suspension and debarment –Program income –Reporting –Subrecipient monitoring
Cost Principle Circulars Establish principles for cost regulation in grants, contracts and other fiscal agreements OMB Circular A-21 (Moved to 2 C.F.R. Part 220) –Applies to educational institutions –http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/omb/fedr eg/2005/083105_a21.pdfhttp://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/omb/fedr eg/2005/083105_a21.pdf OMB Circular A-87 (Moved to 2 C.F.R. Part 225) –Applies to state, local, and tribal governments –http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/omb/fedr eg/2005/083105_a87.pdfhttp://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/omb/fedr eg/2005/083105_a87.pdf OMB Circular A-122 (Moved to 2 C.F.R. Part 230) –Applies to nonprofits –http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/omb/fedr eg/2005/083105_a122.pdfhttp://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/assets/omb/fedr eg/2005/083105_a122.pdf
Cost Principle Circulars The cost principles for a nonfederal entity apply to all of the federal awards received by that entity –Federal agency state agency (A-87) nonprofit (A-122) –Federal agency nonprofit (A-122) –“To each their own” Major topics include –Selected cost items –Allowable and unallowable costs –Indirect costs, e.g., F&A costs for colleges and universities
Audits – Where the Proof’s in the Pudding Single Audit Act of 1984 Entities spending over specified amount of federal funds in a given year must obtain a single audit –Annually, based on entity’s fiscal year –Current expenditure threshold: $500,000 –Conducted by independent auditor –Major tool for federal government to assess recipients’ compliance with requirements in other OMB circulars OMB Circular A-133 specifies implementation of the Single Audit Act
Audit Circulars Provide standards for consistent and uniform audits of non-federal entities expending federal funds OMB Circular A-133 –Applies to state, local governments, other nonprofits –http://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/asset s/a133/a133_revised_2007.pdfhttp://www.whitehouse.gov/sites/default/files/omb/asset s/a133/a133_revised_2007.pdf A-133 Compliance Supplement –Released annually by OMB –http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/a133_complia nce_supplement_2011http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/circulars/a133_complia nce_supplement_2011
Circular A-133 – How Single Audits Should Be Conducted Implementation of Single Audit Act of 1984 Updated as necessary (most recently in 2007) Corresponds with –Generally accepted audit standards (from AICPA) –Government Accounting Standards (from GAO) Major subject areas –Audit basics –Auditees –Federal agencies and pass-through entities –Auditors
Circular A-133 Compliance Supplement Released each year Program-specific guidance for auditors Typically covers about 150 programs Program objectives, procedures and applicable compliance requirements Special tests and procedures for specific programs Recommends approach for determining applicable compliance requirements and test procedures for federal programs not listed in the supplement
Circular A-133 Compliance Supplement – The 14 Major Compliance Areas 14 major compliance areas subject to testing during a single audit, plus suggested tests and procedures Activities Allowed or Unallowed Allowable Costs/Cost Principles Cash Management Davis-Bacon Act Eligibility Equipment and Real Property Management Matching, Level of Effort and Earmarking Period and Availability of Federal Funds Procurement and Suspension and Debarment Program Income Real Property Acquisition and Relocation Assistance Reporting Subrecipient Monitoring Special Tests and Procedures
Next Steps, per Circular A-133 Completed single audit packages –Submitted to Federal Audit Clearinghouse –Publicly viewable –Distributed to funding agencies, pass-through entities Noncompliance audit findings Audit findings can lead to –Corrective actions, e.g., repayment of disallowed costs –Designation as “high risk” recipient (resulting in increased scrutiny/award conditions) –Damage to public opinion
Audit Findings Can Seriously Jeopardize Future Federal Funding Multiple factors: Greater transparency and accountability for federal spending More scrutiny of funding agency decisions Increased pressure on federal agencies to scrutinize applicants more closely –No prior single audits (i.e., limited experience managing federal awards)? –Many, recurring or unaddressed audit findings? –Audit findings with a significant financial impact (especially ones related to unallowable costs, cash mismanagement, procurement, and subrecipient monitoring)? Heightened attention to preventing or limiting –Waste, fraud and abuse –Improper payments
The OMB Circulars Are Your Backstage Pass They let you … get under the hood of your grant programs read the minds of agencies and auditors understand and anticipate what they expect and will look at in terms of how you manage federal grants Remember, the circulars are the articulation of how the executive branch wants grants administration to be done … they set the requirements and the oversight priorities.
Get Into the Driver’s Seat Understand the requirements you’ll be held to and how that will be evaluated Design better projects Build solid, program-compliant budgets Write smarter applications Identify responsible partners Establish better systems and processes Conduct more effective subrecipient oversight 4/28/2015 23
Understanding the Circulars Isn’t Enough READ THY AWARD DOCUMENTS READ THY AWARD DOCUMENTS (yes, again) Funding agency grant policy manual –e.g., Commerce, NOAA, NIH Funding agency program-specific grant guidance, support documentation, and other technical assistance materials Know thy Program and Grants Officers –Take advantage of recipient workshops, TA sessions, etc.
Questions or Comments? Adrianne Fielding firstname.lastname@example.org Blog: www.fundingattractions.comwww.fundingattractions.com Twitter: @ThompsonGrants 10% off Thompson publications See me or announcement board for discount code
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