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This presentation contains 15 species that are under threat in the Gippsland Lakes catchment. Prepared for the Love Our Lakes Enviro-Stories Program by.

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Presentation on theme: "This presentation contains 15 species that are under threat in the Gippsland Lakes catchment. Prepared for the Love Our Lakes Enviro-Stories Program by."— Presentation transcript:

1 This presentation contains 15 species that are under threat in the Gippsland Lakes catchment. Prepared for the Love Our Lakes Enviro-Stories Program by PeeKdesigns, 2014

2 Scientific Name: Cyclodomorphus praeltus Type: Reptile Conservation Status: Critically Endangered (Vic), Endangered (Aus) Threats: Fire Loss of habitat from road or other construction Grazing and trampling by horses and cattle Climate change Photo Source: Zoos Victoria

3 Scientific Name: Botaurus poiciloptilus Type: Bird Conservation Status: Endangered (Vic and Aus) Threats: Loss of habitat Drainage of wetlands Prolonged droughts Photo Source: birdlife.org.au

4 Scientific Name: Grevillea celata Type: Plant Conservation Status: Vulnerable (Vic and Aus) Threats: Inappropriate fire regimes – frequent “cool burns” encourage bracken fern that “out-competes” and “pushes out” the grevillea Road works – threaten roadside specimens Animal foraging – especially insects Photo Source: Wikipedia

5 Scientific Name: Sternula nereis nereis Type: Bird Conservation Status: Endangered (Vic), Vulnerable (Aus) Threats: Disturbance of breeding sites by human activities Predation from foxes, dogs, cats, black rats, silver gulls, pacific gulls, harriers and ravens High salinity levels in the water can reduce food supplies Photo Source: Gippsland Lakes Ministerial Advisory Committee

6 Scientific Name: Prasophyllum correctum Type: Plant Conservation Status: Endangered (Vic and Aus) Threats: Loss of grassland habitat – known populations are now restricted to rail reserves Rail reserve management practices currently threatened remaining populations Photo Source: DEPI Victoria

7 Scientific Name: Type: Frog Conservation Status: Vulnerable (Aus) Threats: Habitat removal, degradation and fragmentation Reduction in water quality and hydrological changes Disease (chytrid fungus) Predation by the introduced Gambusia (mosquito fish), cats or foxes Introduction or intensification of public access to Green and Golden Bell Frog habitats Photo: P. Spark Photo Source: Gippsland Lakes Ministerial Advisory Committee

8 Scientific Name: Pteropus poliocephalus Type: Mammal Conservation Status: Vulnerable (Vic and Aus) Threats: Habitat loss has led to fewer roosting sites and flowering trees Illegal culling by farmers Roost disturbance especially during breeding season Climate change – heat waves can lead to stress and death Pollution in urban areas Photo Source: PeeKdesigns, K. Coleman

9 Scientific Name: Dermochelys coriacea Type: Reptile Conservation Status: Critically Endangered (Vic), Vulnerable (Aus) Threats: Commercial fishing – including long lines, trawling and gill nets Coastal development Marine debris – especially plastic bags, styrofoam beads, rope and cord fragments and fishing line Boat strike Photo Source: Museum Victoria, V. Scholes 2011: The body of an enormous female Leatherback Turtle was brought to Melbourne Museum after washing up at Airey’s Inlet. It was only the second Leatherback Turtle to wash up in Victoria since 1999.

10 Scientific Name: Macquaria australasica Type: Fish Conservation Status: Endangered (Vic and Aus) Threats: Changes in water quality Modification of natural river flows and temperatures Spawning failures resulting from cold water releases from dams Competition from introduced fish species such as trout and redfin perch Diseases such as EHN (epizootic haematopoietic necrosis) Photo Source: dpi.nsw.gov.au, P. Tully

11 Scientific Name: Burramys parvus Type: Mammal Conservation Status: Critically Endangered (Vic), Endangered (Aus) Threats: Loss of habitat from changes to fire regimes as well as introduced plants and animals Climate change can affect hibernation patterns Snow sports and human activities Predation from foxes and feral cats Rat traps and poisoning Threats to the Bogong moth (preferred food) Photo Source: Zoos Victoria, M. West

12 Scientific Name: Anthochaera phrygia Type: Bird Conservation Status: Critically Endangered (Vic), Endangered (Aus) Threats: Loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat from clearing (particularly Box Gum Grassy Woodlands) Loss of key habitat tree species Competition from larger, more aggressive honeyeaters Egg and nest predation Photo Source: birdsinbackyards.net, C. Tzaros

13 Scientific Name: Isoodon obesulus obesulus Type: Mammal Conservation Status: Near Threatened (Vic), Endangered (Aus) Threats: Introduced predators – foxes, wild dogs and feral cats. Habitat loss and modification – clearing land for urban, agricultural and pastoral uses Increased fire regimes Intensive logging practices Road kill Photo Source: biosphere.org.au

14 Scientific Name: Dasyurus maculatus Type: Mammal Conservation Status: Vulnerable (NSW), Endangered (Aust.) Threats: Loss, fragmentation and degradation of habitat Accidental poisoning during wild dog and fox control programs Competition with introduced predators such as cats and foxes Photo Source: J. Evans

15 Scientific Name: Lathamus discolor Type: Bird Conservation Status: Endangered (Vic and Aus) Threats: Loss of habitat through clearning for agriculture and urban development Collision with wire netting fences, windows and cars, during the breeding season and winter migration * The Swift parrot breeds in Tasmania during spring and summer, then migrates to the mainland in autumn and winter. Photo Source: Lachlan Catchment Management Authority

16 Scientific Name: Haliaeetus leucogaster Type: Bird Conservation Status: Vulnerable (Vic) Threats: Loss of habitat due to land development Disturbance of nesting pairs by human activity Other potential threats include poisoning, shooting, competition with wedge-tailed eagles and the deterioration of inland water resources Photo: P. Spark Photo Source: Gippsland Lakes Ministerial Advisory Committee


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